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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 476-480.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5409.2017.114

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

荷叶水提物对实验性肥胖大鼠脂代谢的影响及机制

李毛毛1, 黄鑫源1, 梁乾坤2, 李云霞2, 剡媛2, 田志峰3, 邱小青3, 张晓文4, 宋清4, 李红芳2,5   

  1. 1. 兰州大学第一临床医学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 兰州大学基础医学院生理学教研室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    3. 兰州大学基础医学院机能实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    4. 广州市体育科学研究所, 广东 广州 510000;
    5. 甘肃省新药临床前研究重点实验室, 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-08 修回日期:2017-07-12 出版日期:2017-09-28 发布日期:2018-06-19
  • 通讯作者: 李红芳,Tel:0931-8915092;E-mail:lihf@lzu.edu.cn E-mail:lihf@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部大学生创新创业项目(2014);甘肃省中医药管理局科研项目(GZK-2015-23);广州市体育科学研究合作项目(2013)

Effects and mechanisms of lotus leaf water extract on lipid metabolism of adult experimental obesity rats

LI Mao-mao1, HUANG Xin-yuan1, LIANG Qiang-kun2, LI Yun-xia2, YAN Yuan2, TIAN Zhi-feng3, QIU Xiao-qing3, ZHANG Xiao-wen4, SONG Qing4, LI Hong-fang2,5   

  1. 1. The First Clinical Medical College of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000;
    2. Departmemt of Physiology, College of Basic Medicine, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000;
    3. Functional Laboratory of Medicine, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000;
    4. Guangzhou Institute of Sports Science, Guangzhou 510000;
    5. Key Laboratory of Preclinical Study for New Traditional Chinese Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2016-01-08 Revised:2017-07-12 Online:2017-09-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:
    教育部大学生创新创业项目(2014);甘肃省中医药管理局科研项目(GZK-2015-23);广州市体育科学研究合作项目(2013)

摘要: 目的:探讨荷叶水提物的减肥降脂作用及机制。方法:通过离体脂肪组织灌流实验观察荷叶水提物对正常SD大鼠离体脂肪组织游离脂肪酸(FFA)释放的影响;利用高糖高脂饮食诱导建立实验性肥胖大鼠模型,探讨荷叶水提物给药4周后,大鼠体重和血脂水平的变化,并采用RT-PCR和免疫组化技术对脂肪组织过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ(PPAR-γ)和瘦素(leptin)表达进行检测。结果:离体实验发现荷叶水提物可明显促进离体脂肪组织FFA的释放。在体实验发现中剂量荷叶(60 mg/kg)与奥利斯他相似,可使实验性肥胖大鼠体重、血脂水平明显下降(P<0.05),使脂肪组织PPAR-γ和瘦素的表达明显下降(P<0.05)。结论:荷叶水提物可通过改善大鼠脂肪组织PPAR-γ和leptin的表达,促进脂肪的动员和分解,降低肥胖大鼠体重和血脂水平,有望研发为减肥药物。

关键词: 荷叶水提物, 大鼠, 肥胖, PPAR-γ, 瘦素

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the lipid metabolic effect and mechanism of water extract of lotus leaves(Traditional Chinese Medicine).Methods: Isolated SD rat lipid tissues were suspended in organ baths containing Krebs solution, and the effect of lotus leaf water extract on free fatty acids (FFA) release was observed; The experimental obesity rat model was established by feeding them high glucose and fat diets, then the changes of body weight and blood lipid were measured in the model rats after intragastric administration with water extract of lotus leaves for four weeks, and the expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) and leptin were examined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical.Results: The ex vivo experiment showed that water extract of lotus leaves effectively promoted the FFA release from isolated lipid tissues. In vivo experiment, similarly to Orlistat, water extract of lotus leaves(60 mg/kg)markedly decreased the body weight and blood lipid of experimental obesity rats(P<0.05), and obviously reduced the expressions of PPAR-γ and leptin(P<0.05).Conclusion: Water extract of lotus leaves greatly improves the expression of PPAR-γ and leptin, which can promote the lipid mobilization and dissolution, reduce the body weight and blood lipid of adult rats with experimental obesity, therefore is expected to be developed into lipid-lowering diet pills.

Key words: water extract of the lotus leaf, rats, obesity, PPAR-γ, leptin

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