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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 481-484.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5708.2018.107

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

茶多酚对慢性酒精中毒大鼠肝损伤的保护作用

张勇, 李苗苗, 华田苗, 孙庆艳   

  1. 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 芜湖 241000
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-30 修回日期:2018-10-29 出版日期:2018-11-28 发布日期:2019-03-09
  • 通讯作者: 孙庆艳 E-mail:sunqingyan1975@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31771181);安徽师范大学博士科研启动基金;安徽师范大学生命科学学院青年教师发展计划专项基金;"安徽重要生物资源保护与利用研究"安徽省重点实验室科研基金;基因疾病与健康生物医学安徽普通高校重点实验室科研基金

The protective effect of tea polyphenols on chronic alcoholic liver injury in rats

ZHANG Yong, LI Miao-miao, HUA Tian-miao, SUN Qing-yan   

  1. College of Life Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2018-05-30 Revised:2018-10-29 Online:2018-11-28 Published:2019-03-09
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金(31771181);安徽师范大学博士科研启动基金;安徽师范大学生命科学学院青年教师发展计划专项基金;"安徽重要生物资源保护与利用研究"安徽省重点实验室科研基金;基因疾病与健康生物医学安徽普通高校重点实验室科研基金

摘要: 目的:建立慢性酒精诱导的成年大鼠肝损伤动物模型,并进行茶多酚的干预,观察茶多酚的干预对慢性酒精诱导的肝损伤大鼠的防护作用及其可能的机制。方法:将36只SD大鼠适应性喂养一周后,随机分为对照组、酒精损伤组和茶多酚干预组(每组12只)。对照组大鼠用0.9%生理盐水按7 g/kg灌胃,酒精组用体积分数56%的红星牌白酒同剂量灌胃,茶多酚干预组在酒精灌胃同时给予0.25 g/kg剂量的茶多酚。每天定时灌胃一次,连续8周。8周后处死大鼠,取内脏脂肪和肝脏组织,以脂体比衡量内脏脂肪含量,以肝体比和油红O染色结果衡量肝脂质沉积,测定超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)活力、丙二醛(MDA)含量、总抗氧化能力(T-AOC)和谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH-Px)活力等氧化应激指标,测定肝脏组织中脂肪酸转位酶(FAT/CD36)蛋白水平。结果:与对照组相比,酒精损伤组大鼠内脏脂肪含量、SOD/MDA比值、T-AOC和GSH-Px活力显著下降((P<0.05或P<0.01),肝体比、FAT/CD36蛋白水平显著提高(P<0.01),肝细胞中脂滴增加;与酒精损伤组相比,茶多酚干预组大鼠内脏脂肪含量、SOD/MDA比值、T-AOC和GSH-Px活力显著增加((P<0.05或P<0.01),肝体比、FAT/CD36蛋白水平显著下降(P<0.01),肝细胞中脂滴减少。结论:茶多酚干预能改善慢性酒精中毒大鼠肝脏的脂质沉积和氧化应激状态,并伴有肝细胞膜上FAT/CD36表达的减少。

关键词: 酒精, 肝损伤, 茶多酚, 脂质沉积, 氧化应激, 脂肪酸转位酶, 大鼠

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the protective effects and potential mechanisms of tea polyphenols intervention on excess alcohol intake induced liver injury in rats. This study established the animal model of chronic liver injury rats induced by alcohol. Our results will provide experimental evidence for the effects of tea polyphenol on chronic alcoholic liver injury. Methods: Alcohol-induced liver injury rat models were established, and the tea polyphenols intervention was performed in the meantime. After 8 weeks, rats were anesthetized, and visceral fat and liver samples were separated, weighted and stored. Visceral fat content was evaluated in fat/body weight ratio. Liver lipid accumulation was assessed by liver index and the result of Oil Red O staining. Hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, total antioxidant capacity assay (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity were detected. And fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) protein level in liver was detected. Results: Compared with the control group rats, the fat/body weight ratio, SOD/MDA, T-AOC and GSH-Px activity of chronic liver injury rats were decreased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). Meanwhile the liver index, FAT/CD36 protein level and lipid deposition in liver of chronic liver injury rats were increased (P<0.01). Compared with chronic liver injury rats, the tea polyphenols intervention increased fat/body weight ratio (P<0.05), and significantly increased SOD/MDA, T-AOC and GSH-Px activity (P<0.01). Meanwhile the tea polyphenols intervention reduced liver index (P<0.01), FAT/CD36 protein level (P<0.01) and lipid deposition in liver. Conclusion: Tea polyphenols intervention can improve lipid deposition and oxidative stress in chronic alcoholic liver, which is concurrent with decreased FAT/CD36 protein expression on the hepatocyte membrane.

Key words: alcohol, liver injury, tea polyphenols, lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, FAT/CD36, rat

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