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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 492-495.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5723.2018.110

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

低氧性肺动脉高压小鼠肺组织apoE蛋白表达的变化及其意义

刘玲燕, 黄天鹏, 郝家乐, 陈然, 范小芳, 龚永生, 毛孙忠   

  1. 温州医科大学低氧医学研究所, 浙江 温州 325035
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-29 修回日期:2018-11-19 出版日期:2018-11-28 发布日期:2019-03-09
  • 通讯作者: 毛孙忠 E-mail:wzlmao@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省自然基金(LY14H010005)

Changes of apoE protein expression in lung of mice with hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension

LIU Ling-yan, HUANG Tian-peng, HAO Jia-le, CHEN Ran, FAN Xiao-fang, GONG Yong-sheng, MAO Sun-zhong   

  1. Institute of Hypoxia Medicine, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China
  • Received:2018-06-29 Revised:2018-11-19 Online:2018-11-28 Published:2019-03-09
  • Supported by:
    浙江省自然基金(LY14H010005)

摘要: 目的:观察低氧性肺动脉高压小鼠肺组织中载脂蛋白E(apoE)蛋白表达的变化,以探讨低氧性肺动脉高压形成过程中apoE蛋白表达的变化及可能的意义。方法:SPF级雄性野生型(WT)C57BL/6小鼠和雄性apoE基因敲除(apoE-KO)小鼠各20只,各随机再分为2组(n=10):常氧组和低氧组,共4组。常压连续低氧3周(9%~11% O2,23 h/d)复制慢性低氧性肺动脉高压模型,采用右心导管法测定小鼠右心室压(RVSP),计算右心室与左心室加室间隔重量比RV/(LV+S),ELISA法检测血浆中高密度脂蛋白(HDL)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL)和总胆固醇(TC)的含量;Western blot法检测肺组织中apoE和过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ(PPARγ)蛋白的表达。结果:①低氧组WT小鼠RVSP、RV/(LV+S)分别较常氧组高68%和59%(P均<0.05),血浆中HDL含量及HDL/LDL比值分别较常氧组低17%和40%(P均<0.05),同时肺、肝组织中apoE及肺组织中PPARγ的蛋白表达分别较常氧组下调48%、52%和37%(P均<0.05),RVSP与apoE及PPARγ蛋白表达均呈显著负相关(P均<0.01);②低氧组apoE-KO小鼠RVSP、RV/(LV+S)较常氧组分别高96%和86%(P均<0.05),低氧组apoE-KO小鼠RVSP和RV/(LV+S)较低氧组WT小鼠分别高29%和24%(P均<0.05)。结论:小鼠低氧性肺动脉高压的形成与肺组织中apoE蛋白表达下调有关。

关键词: apoE, 脂质代谢, 肺动脉高压, 低氧, 小鼠

Abstract: Objective: To observe the changes of apolipoprotein E (apoE) protein expression of pulmonary tissue in mice with pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxia. Methods: The animal model of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension was established by exposing the mice to isobaric hypoxic chamber for 3 weeks (23 h/d, regular chow feed).Twenty male wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and twenty apoE gene knockout (apoE-KO) mice were randomly divided into normoxia group and hypoxia group. The plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and total cholesterol were detected by ELISA method. The protein expression of apoE in lung and liver, and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in lung were measured by Western blot.Results: ①In WT mice, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and the weight ratio of right ventricle (RV) to left ventricle plus septum (LV+S) of hypoxia group were significantly higher than those of normoxia group by 68% and 59% (P<0.05), respectively. The plasma concentration of HDL and HDL/LDL of hypoxia group were significantly lower than those of normoxia group by 17% and 40% (P<0.05), respectively.The protein expression of apoE in lung and in liver of hypoxia group were significantly down-regulated than those of normoxia group by 48% and 52% (P<0.05), respectively.The protein expression of PPARγ in lung was significantly down-regulated than that of normoxia group by 37%(P<0.05).RVSP were significantly negative correlated with the protein levels of apoE and PPARγ in lung (P<0.01).② In apoE-KO mice, RVSP and the weight ratio of RV to LV+S of hypoxia group were significantly higher than those of normoxia group by 96% and 86% (P<0.05), respectively.RVSP and RV to (LV+S) of hypoxia group in apoE-KO mice were significantly higher than those of hypoxia group in WT mice by 29% and 24% (P<0.05), respectively.Conclusion: Down-regulated expression of apoE in lung tissue participates in the pathological proceeding of pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxia.

Key words: apolipoprotein E, lipid metabolism, pulmonary hypertension, hypoxia, mice

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