首页  期刊介绍 征稿简则 编委会 期刊征订 广告服务 留言板 联系我们 English

中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 438-442.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5801.2019.095

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

乙酰左旋肉碱对大鼠脊髓损伤的神经保护作用及其机制*

沈娟, 张雪峰, 郝琴, 赵琳, 杨彦玲Δ   

  1. 延安大学医学院, 延安 716000
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-25 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2020-01-02
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 13891184889; E-mail: yangyanling8889@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(81760235);陕西省教育厅项目(17JK0863);陕西省大学生创新项目(2017-1567)

Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine on the recovery of hindlimb movement afterspinal cord injury in rats and its mechamism

SHEN Juan, ZHANG Xue-feng , HAO Qin, ZHAO Lin, YANG Yan-lingΔ   

  1. Medical College of Yan’an University, Yanan 716000, China
  • Received:2018-12-25 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2020-01-02

摘要: 目的:观察不同剂量乙酰左旋肉碱(ALC)对脊髓损伤大鼠后肢运动功能恢复和脊髓组织结构的影响,为临床治疗脊髓损伤提供实验和理论依据。方法:将55只8~10周SD大鼠随机分为高(300 mg/kg)、中(200 mg/kg)、低剂量(100 mg/kg)药物干预(SCI+ALC)组、损伤(SCI)组和假手术(Sham)组共5组用于行为学评价、MAD和SOD检测、HPLC检测和HE染色。BBB评分和改良Rivlin斜板实验评价各组大鼠后肢运动功能。HE染色观察对脊髓组织形态结构的影响。另外9只大鼠随机分为Sham组、SCI组和ALC组,用于TUMEL法检测细胞凋亡情况。结果:高、中、低剂量SCI+ALC组干预后BBB评分与SCI组比较,其中中、高剂量ALC组具有显著性差异(P< 0.01),大鼠后肢运动功能得以明显改善;Rivlin斜板实验最大倾斜角,SCI+ALC组较SCI组角度明显增加(P< 0.05),其中中、高剂量ALC组具有显著性差异(P<0.01)。HE染色ALC高剂量组较SCI组,组织结构明显改善,炎性细胞和红细胞数量减少,神经细胞核仁部分显示不清。ELISA法检测大鼠损伤节段脊髓组织中SOD活力和MDA含量。结果提示,SCI+ALC组较SCI组SOD活力明显增加,而MDA含量明显降低(P<0.05),其中中、高剂量ALC组具有显著性差异(P<0.01)。HPLC色谱显示SCI+ALC组新鲜血清样品与ALC标准品溶液在 260 nm处具有相同的紫外吸收光谱,而Sham组和SCI组血清样品在该处未出现光谱值,说明SCI+ALC组样品中存在与标准品相同的物质。TUNEL染色显示Sham组可偶见凋亡信号,ALC高剂量组较SCI组细胞凋亡信号明显减少(P< 0.05)。结论:ALC能促进脊髓损伤大鼠后肢运动功能的恢复,抑制氧化应激和细胞凋亡、对受损脊髓组织具有修复作用。

关键词: 乙酰左旋肉碱, 脊髓损伤, 后肢运动功能, 凋亡, 大鼠

Abstract: Objective: To observe the effects of different doses of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) on hindlimb motor function and spinal cord tissue structure in rats with spinal cord injury. The study will provide theoretical and experimental evidences for acetyl-L-carnitine's clinical treatment.Methods: Fifty-five SD rats aged 8-10 weeks were randomly divided into high, medium and low-dose drug intervention (SCI + ALC) group, injury group (SCI) and sham group for behavioral evaluation, MAD and SOD detection, as well as HPLC detection and HE staining. BBB scores and Rivlin experiments were performed to evaluate hindlimb motor function in each group. The morphology and structure of spinal cord tissue was detected by HE staining. Another 9 rats were randomly divided into Sham group, SCI group and ALC group for TUMEL detection of apoptosis. Results: The BBB scores of the high, medium, and low dose SCI+ALC groups were significantly higher than those in the SCI group. The medium and high-dose ALC groups had significant differences (P<0.01), and the hindlimb motor function was significantly improved in rats. The maximum tilt angle of the Rivlin experiment was observed. The SCI+ALC group had a significantly increased angle compared with the SCI group (P<0.05), the medium and high-dose ALC group had a significant difference (P<0.01). Compared with the SCI group, the tissue structure of ALC high-dose group was improved significantly, the number of inflammatory cells and red blood cells was decreased, and the nucleolus of the nerve cells was unclear. The SOD activity of the SCI+ALC group was significantly higher than that of the SCI group, while the MDA content was significantly decreased(P<0.05), the middle and high dose ALC groups were significantly different (P<0.01). HPLC chromatogram showed that the SCI+ALC fresh serum sample and the ALC standard solution had the same absorption spectrum at 260 nm, while the Sham group and SCI group serum samples did not show spectral values there, which indicated that the same substance as the standard existed in the sample of SCI+ALC group. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptosis signal was occasionally seen in the sham group, and the apoptosis signal was significantly decreased in the ALC high-dose group compared with the SCI group(P<0.05). Conclusion: ALC can promote the recovery of hindlimb motor function in rats with spinal cord injury, inhibit oxidative stress and apoptosis, and repair the damaged spinal cord tissue.

Key words: acetyl-L-carnitine, spinal cord injury, hind limb motor function, apoptosis, rats

版权所有 © 2015 《中国应用生理学杂志》编辑部
京ICP备16058274号-1
地址:天津市和平区大理道1号,邮编:300050  电话:022-84655184  E-mail:tjzgyish@163.com
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn