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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 476-480.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5835.2019.104

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

miRNA在异丙肾上腺素诱导大鼠心肌肥厚中的表达及生物信息学分析*

伍学翠1, 赵云1, 李聪1, 熊海容1, 郑智维1, 周军2, 刘蓉2, 龚威1, 刘朝奇   

  1. 1. 三峡大学医学院, 湖北 宜昌 443002;
    2. 宜昌市中心人民医院, 湖北 宜昌 443003
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-04 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2020-01-02
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 13581499903; E-mail: ctgulcq@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    缺血性心脑疾病转化医学宜昌市重点实验室(三峡大学)开放基金项目(2016xnxg302, 2017KXN06)

Expression and bioinformatics analysis of miRNA in ISO-induced rat cardiac hypertrophy

WU Xue-cui1, ZHAO Yun1, LI Cong1, XIONG Hai-rong1, ZHENG Zhi-wei1, ZHOU Jun2, LIU Rong2, GONG Wei1, LIU Chao-qi   

  1. 1. Medical College of China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002;
    2. Yichang Central People’s Hospital, Yichang 443003, China
  • Received:2019-03-04 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2020-01-02

摘要: 目的:探讨miRNAs(miR199a-5P、miR206、miR133a-3P、miR499-5P)在异丙肾上腺素(ISO)诱导大鼠心肌肥厚模型组中的表达变化;并运用生物信息学方法分析相关的主要信号通路及分子机制。方法:将16只SD雄性大鼠随机分为2组:对照组和ISO模型组,模型组给予ISO(1 mg/kg)诱导心肌肥厚模型,对照组给予等量生理盐水,均采用背部皮下多点注射。连续给药10 d后采用超声心动图测量舒张期室间隔厚度(IVSd)、舒张期左室后壁厚度(LVPWd)、左室舒张末期内径(LVDd)及心脏收缩功能(EF%);称量心脏重量(HW)、大鼠体重(BW),并计算心脏/体重比(HW/BW);心肌组织HE染色,Image J分析软件测量心肌细胞表面积;RT-qPCR检测大鼠心肌组织中4种miRNAs的表达情况。运用Targetscan、miRDB、miRwalk 数据库预测大鼠4种miRNAs可能的靶基因,FunRich软件分析预测靶基因相关的信号通路。结果:与正常组相比,模型组IVSd、LVPWd增厚,LV增大,EF%明显降低;HW、HW/BW增加;模型组心肌细胞体积明显增大,排列紊乱,细胞表面积增加;模型组miR199a-5P、miR206表达上调(P<0.05);miR133a-3P、miR499-5P表达下调(P<0.05)。应用生物信息学预测4种miRNAs的靶基因可能参与心肌肥厚相关的信号通路主要有:VEGF/VEGFR信号通路、ErbB受体信号通路等。结论:ISO诱导心肌肥厚导致miRNAs表达的改变,生物信息学预测4种miRNAs参与心肌肥厚相关的靶基因及其主要信号通路,这些研究为心肌肥厚的调控机制及其防治措施提供了新思路。

关键词: 异丙肾上腺素, miRNAs, 心肌肥厚, 生物信息学, 大鼠

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the expression changes of miRNAs (miR199a-5P, miR206, miR133a-3P, miR499-5P) in rat model of cardiac hypertrophy induced by isoproterenol (ISO), and to explore the main signal pathways and molecular mechanisms which related to that with the way of bioinformatics. Methods: Sixteen SD male rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group and ISO model group. The rats in model group were treated with ISO (1 mg/kg) to induce cardiac hypertrophy, the rats in control group were treated with the same amount of saline, and all were injected subcutaneously at the back. After 10 days of continuous administration, interventricular septal thickness at diastole (IVSd), left ventricular posterior wall thickness at diastole (LVPWd) , left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(LVDd), and systolic function (EF%) were measured by echocardiography. Heart weight (HW) and rat body weight (BW) were weighed, and heart/body weight ratio (HW/BW) was calculated. Myocardial tissues were stained with HE, and myocardial cell surface area was measured by Image J analysis software; RT-qPCR was used to detect the expressions of 4 miRNAs in rat myocardial tissues. Targetscan, miRDB and miRwalk databases were used to predict the possible target genes of four kinds of miRNAs in rats, and FunRich software was used to analyze and predict the signal pathways related to the target genes. Results: Compared with the control group, the IVSd and LVPWd in the model group were thickened, the LV was increased, and the EF% was decreased significantly. The HW and HW/BW were increased. The myocardial cell volume in the model group was increased significantly, the arrangement was disordered, and the cell surface area was increased; the expressions of miR199a-5P and miR206 in the model group were up-regulated by RT-qPCR (P<0.05); the expressions of miR133a-3P and miR499-5P were down-regulated (P<0.05). Predicted by bioinformatics application, related signal pathways which target genes of 4 miRNAs maybe involved in cardiac hypertrophy mainly are: VEGF/VEGFR signal pathway, ErbB receptor signal pathway and other signal pathways. Conclusion: ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy leads to changes in miRNA expression, and bioinformatics predicts related target genes of four miRNAs involved in cardiac hypertrophy and their major signaling pathways. These studies will provide new ideas for the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy and its prevention and treatment measures.

Key words: isoproterenol, miRNAs, cardiac hypertrophy, bioinformatics, rat

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