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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 143-147.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5904.2020.032

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

消痰化瘀利窍方对慢性间歇性低氧小鼠认知障碍的改善作用*

赵洋, 杨胜昌, 于富洋, 李文雅, 吉恩生   

  1. 河北中医学院生理教研室, 石家庄 050200
  • 出版日期:2020-03-28 发布日期:2020-07-31
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 0311-89926098; E-mail: jesphy@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(81170069); 河北省自然科学基金项目(H2018423041);河北省教育厅高等学校科学技术重点研究项目资助(ZD2014043, ZD2017057); 河北中医学院博士科研基金(BSE2017014)

Effects of Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula on cognitive impairment in mice exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia

ZHAO Yang, YANG Sheng-chang, YU Fu-yang, LI Wen-ya, JI En-sheng   

  1. Department of Physiology, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China
  • Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-07-31

摘要: 目的: 探讨消痰化瘀利窍方对慢性间歇性低氧小鼠认知障碍的改善作用。方法: 48只雄性C57小鼠随机分为4组(n=12),常氧对照组(Normoxia),慢性间歇性低氧组(CIH)、慢性间歇性低氧中药干预组(Formula+CIH)、中药对照组(Formula)。Normoxia和Formula组暴露于常氧环境,CIH与Formula+CIH组暴露于间歇性低氧环境(低氧舱中前1.5 min充入氮气使舱内氧浓度降至9%,后1.5 min充入氧气使氧浓度恢复至21%,3 min/循环,每天上舱8 h,共35 d)。其中,Formula +CIH与Formula组于每日灌胃中药水煎液灌胃(26.8 g/kg),同时CIH组与Normoxia组灌胃给予同体积生理盐水。实验在26~35 d连续应用水迷宫观测各组小鼠的学习和记忆能力,35 d造模结束后,首先进行Y-迷宫实验,麻醉后断头取脑,分离海马组织。应用尼氏染色和电镜观察海马神经元的形态学改变,通过Western blot检测海马神经元synapsin和PSD-95的表达水平。结果: 与Normoxia组相比,CIH组小鼠水迷宫和Y-迷宫的成绩显著下降(P<0.01,P<0.01),海马神经元尼氏小体的数量和突触后致密物质的厚度均减少,PSD-95蛋白表达下调(P<0.01),而synapsin表达无明显改变。与CIH组小鼠比较,消痰化瘀利窍方干预可显著提高小鼠水迷宫和Y-迷宫的成绩(P<0.01),增加海马神经元尼氏小体的数量和突触后致密物质的厚度,上调PSD-95蛋白表达水平(P<0.01)。结论: 消痰化瘀利窍方可改善由CIH诱导的突触后致密区的结构和功能受损,进而对认知功能障碍起到保护作用。

关键词: 慢性间歇性低氧, 认知障碍, 海马, PSD-95, 消痰化瘀利窍方, 小鼠

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the improvement effects of Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula on cognitive impairment in mice exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), and to explore the related mechanisms. Methods: Forty-eight male C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups as Normoxia, CIH, Formula+CIH and Formula group. Mice were exposed to normoxia in the normoxia and formula group, or intermittent hypoxia in CIH or Formula+CIH group (in the chambers, mice were filled with 100% N2 to produce FiO2 of 9% for 1. 5 min. The FiO2 gradually returned to 21% over the remainder of each cycle. The exposure cycle was repeated every 3 min, 8 h/day for 35 days). Mice were treated with Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula at the dose of 26. 8 g/kg by intragastric administration before CIH exposure. Meanwhile, mice in CIH and normoxia group were given the same volume of normal saline. When the experiment lasts for 26-35 d, Morris water maze was used to detect cognitive dysfunction in mice. At the end of 35 days, Y-maze was performed in each group. After anesthesia, hippocampus was isolated for morphological observation and Western blot ananlysis. Nissl staining and electron microscopy were adopted to assess the neuronal damage in hippocampus, and Western blot was used to detect the levels of PSD-95 and synapsin expression. Results: Compared with normoxia group,the performance of CIH mice was significantly reduced in Morris water maze and Y-maze(P<0. 01,P<0. 01). Both the number of Nissl staining positive cells and the thickness of the postsynaptic density in hippocampus were significantly reduced. And, the levels of PSD-95 expression in hippocampus was also decreased in the CIH group(P<0. 01), however, no significant change of synapsin expression was observed. Compared to CIH group, administration of Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula markedly improved performance of mice in Morris water maze and Y-maze (P<0. 01), increased Nissl staining positive cells and the thickness of the postsynaptic density and PSD-95 expression in hippocampus (P<0. 01). Conclusion: Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula could alleviate the structural and functional impairment of the postsynaptic dense area, and improved CIH-induced cognitive dysfunction.

Key words: chronic intermittent hypoxia, cognitive impairment, hippocampus, PSD-95, Xiaotan Huayu Liqiao Formula, mice

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