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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 240-244.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5916.2020.053

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

PM2.5鼻腔滴注致小鼠海马组织损伤的炎性机制

方振1, 2, 胡西厚1, 李康2, 韩洁2, 3, 田蕾2, 闫峻2, 张伟2, 来文庆2, 林本成2, 刘晓华2, 3△, 袭著革1, 2△   

  1. 1. 滨州医学院公共卫生与管理学院, 山东 烟台 264000;
    2. 军事科学院军事医学研究院环境医学与作业医学研究所, 天津 300050;
    3. 天津体育学院, 天津 301617
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-29 修回日期:2020-05-12 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 13116140682,13682117760; E-mail: liuxiaohua1992@sina.com,zhugexi2003@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0702700);军队项目(AWS16J004,BWS17J025)

Inflammatory mechanism of hippocampal tissue injury induced by PM2.5 in nasal drip in mice

FANG Zhen1,2, HU Xi-hou1, LI Kang2, HAN Jie2,3, TIAN Lei2, YAN Jun2, ZHANG Wei2, LAI Wen-qing2, LIN Ben-cheng2, LIU Xiao-hua2,3△, XI Zhu-ge1,2△   

  1. 1. School of Public Health and Management, Binzhou Medical College, Yantai 264000;
    2. Institute of Environmental and Operational Medicine of Academy of Military Medical Sciences of Academy of Military Sciences, Tianjin 300050;
    3. Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin 301617, China
  • Received:2019-07-29 Revised:2020-05-12 Published:2020-09-25

摘要: 目的: 探讨鼻腔滴注不同浓度的PM2.5对小鼠海马组织损伤的炎性机制。方法: 30只C57BL/6J小鼠随机分为3组(n=10):对照组、低剂量组、高剂量组。采用鼻腔滴注方法进行染毒,每次染毒前测量体重,低剂量组和高剂量组PM2.5染毒剂量分别为1.5 mg/kg BW和7.5 mg/kg BW,对照组给予等体积的生理盐水,隔天染毒一次,共12次。用ELISA法测定血清中肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白介素-1β(IL-1β)和白介素-6(IL-6)水平。HE染色和电镜观察肺和海马组织的病理变化及超微结构。用抗体芯片技术测定海马组织炎性细胞因子水平。结果: PM2.5鼻腔滴注染毒对小鼠血清中TNF-α、IL-1β和IL-6水平无显著影响(P>0.05),肺组织结构也无明显病理改变。而在海马组织中,低剂量和高剂量PM2.5暴露均能导致海马CA3区神经元排列紊乱,并存在神经元细胞周围突触数量减少,小血管周围水肿等超微结构变化。利用抗体芯片检测海马组织炎性细胞因子表达变化,结果显示,与对照组比较,低剂量组海马组织中CX3CL1、CSF2和TECK等炎性细胞因子水平显著升高(P<0.05),而MIG和sTNFR1显著降低(P<0.05);高剂量组中炎性因子CX3CL1、CSF2和TCA-3等显著升高(P<0.05),而Leptin、MIG和FASLG等显著降低(P<0.05)。结论: PM2.5鼻腔滴注可诱导小鼠海马组织结构损伤,其作用途径可能为嗅脑通路,引起海马损伤的炎性机制可能与TNF-α和IL-6等促炎因子的显著升高和sTNFR1 、FASLG等炎性疾病标志物的显著降低有关。

关键词: PM2.5, 海马, 抗体芯片, 炎性因子, 嗅脑通路:小鼠

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the inflammatory mechanism of nasal instillation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5)on hippocampal tissue injury in mice.Methods: Thirty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 3 groups(n=10):control group, low-dose group, high-dose group. The nasal instillation doses of PM2.5 in the low-dose group and the high-dose group were 1.5 mg/kg BW and 7.5 mg/kg BW, respectively, and the control group was given saline with an equal volume. Saline was sprayed once every other time for 12 times. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined by ELISA method. HE staining and electron microscopy were used to observe the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissue and hippocampus. The inflammatory cytokine levels in hippocampus were detected by antibody chip technique. Results: There was no significant effect of PM2.5 nasal instillation on serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 levels (P>0.05), and there was no obvious pathological changes in lung tissue structure. In hippocampus, low-dose and high-dose PM2.5 exposure could lead to disordered neuronal arrangement in the hippocampal CA3 region, and there were neurological changes around the neuron cells and ultrastructural changes such as edema around small blood vessels. Compared with the control group, the levels of inflammatory cytokines such as CX3CL1, CSF2 and TECK in the low-dose group were increased significantly (P <0.05), while sTNFR1 was decreased significantly (P<0.05); the inflammatory factors CX3CL1, CSF2, and TCA-3 were significantly increased in the high-dose group (P<0.05), while leptin, MIG, and FASLG were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Nasal instillation of PM2.5 can induce tissue damage in the hippocampus of mice, and its mechanism of action may be the olfactory brain pathway. The increasing of TNF-α and IL-6 and the decreasing of sTNFR1 and FASLG may be involved in inflammatory mechanisms.

Key words: PM2.5, hippocampus, antibody chip, inflammatory factor, olfactory pathway, mice

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