首页  期刊介绍 征稿简则 编委会 期刊征订 广告服务 留言板 联系我们 English

中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 197-201.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5960.2020.044

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

瘦素对糖尿病大鼠糖脂代谢及炎性因子的影响

朱建忠, 赵灿, 隋月林, 刘媛媛, 乔跃兵   

  1. 沧州医学高等专科学校解剖教研室, 河北 沧州 061000
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-24 修回日期:2020-03-26 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 0317-5507633; E-mail: qiaoyb2004@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家卫生计生委计划生育与优生重点实验室开放性课题(20150002);河北省科技厅指令课题(0827610D—20);2019年度教育部人文社科研究项目(19YJA890010)

Effects of leptin on lipid metabolism and inflammatory factors in diabetic rats

ZHU Jian-zhong, ZHAO Can, SUI Yue-lin, LIU Yuan-yuan, QIAO Yue-bing   

  1. Cangzhou Medical College, Department of Anatomy, Cangzhou 061000, China
  • Received:2019-10-24 Revised:2020-03-26 Published:2020-09-25

摘要: 目的: 探讨瘦素对糖尿病大鼠糖脂代谢及相关炎症因子的影响。方法: 将健康Wistar雄性大鼠60只随机选取10只作为对照组,50只给予高糖高脂饲料喂养加腹腔内注射链脲佐霉素(STZ,25 mg/kg)的方法诱发并建立糖尿病大鼠模型。并随机分为模型组、瘦素低剂量组、瘦素中剂量组和瘦素高剂量组,每组10只。4组大鼠造模成功后均持续给予高糖高脂饲料喂养,瘦素低、中、高剂量组给予20 μg/kg、50 μg/kg和100 μg/kg,连续5 d。GOD-PAP法检测大鼠血糖(FBG),放射免疫法测定胰岛素含量(Ins),全自动生化分析仪测定血清中三酰甘油(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL-C)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL-C)。采用酶联免疫方法(ELISA)测定丙二醛(MDA)、白细胞介素-6(IL-6)及肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)。采用Western blot检测糖尿病大鼠脂肪组织中瘦素表达情况。结果: 与对照组比较,各组大鼠血糖水平均显著升高(P<0.01);与模型组比较,瘦素中、高剂量大鼠血糖显著降低(P<0.05,P<0.01);瘦素高剂量组胰岛素水平显著降低(P<0.01)。不同剂量瘦素组间比较,给药后三组大鼠FBG及INS无统计学差异(P>0.05)。与模型组比较,瘦素中、高剂量组TC水平显著下降(P<0.05,P<0.01);高剂量组TG、LDL-C水平显著降低(P<0.05),高剂量组HDL-C水平显著升高(P<0.01)。不同剂量瘦素组进行组间比较,高剂量组在降低TC、TG、LDL-C水平,升高HDL-C水平优于中、低剂量组(P<0.05)。Western blot结果显示,与模型组(52.27±10.93)比,瘦素高剂量组100 μg/kg(40.13±9.87)、中剂量组50 μg/kg(44.68±10.23)、低剂量组20 μg/kg(47.35±12.09)脂肪中瘦素表达水平依次降低。结论: 瘦素水平分泌异常是诱发糖尿病因素之一,在给予一定浓度外源性瘦素(100 μg/kg)干预下,能显著降低MDA、TNF-α水平,提高IL-6水平,其机制可能与瘦素在减轻炎症反应、氧化应激,纠正血脂异常紊乱有密切关系。

关键词: 瘦素, 糖尿病, 糖脂代谢, 炎症因子, 大鼠

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of leptin on glucose metabolism and related inflammatory factors in diabetic rats. Methods: Ten healthy male Wistar rats were randomly selected as the control group. Fifty rats were fed with high sugar and high fat diet and injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 25 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. They were randomly divided into model group, leptin low, middle and high dose group. The rats in the low, middle and high dose group were fed with leptin at the doses of 20, 50 and 100 μg/kg for 5 d respectively. Blood glucose (FBG) was measured by GOD-PAP method, insulin content (INS) was tested by radioimmunoassay, the serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression of leptin in adipose tissue of diabetic rats. Results: Compared with the control group, the blood glucose levels of other groups were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood glucose levels of middle and high dose leptin rats decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The insulin level of high dose leptin group decreased significantly (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in FBG and INS among the three groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, TC levels of middle and high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). TG and LDL-C levels of high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), HDL-C level of high dose group was increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with different dose groups, the high dose of leptin (100 μg/kg) could decrease the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, and increase the level of HDL-C, which was better than those of the middle and low dose of leptin (P<0.05) Compared with the model group (52.27±10.93), the levels of leptin in low, middle and high dose group were (47.35±12.09), (44.68±10.23) and (40.13±9.87) respectively, which could be decreased by leptin in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: The abnormal secretion of leptin is one of the factors inducing diabetes mellitus. Under the intervention of a certain concentration of exogenous leptin (100 μg/kg), it can significantly reduce the level of MDA, TNF-α, and improve the level of IL-6. The mechanism may be closely related to the reduction of inflammatory response, oxidative stress and correction of dyslipidemia. Leptin also reduces the risk of disease progression in diabetes treatment.

Key words: leptin, diabetes mellitus, glycolipid metabolism, inflammatory factors, rats

中图分类号: 

版权所有 © 2015 《中国应用生理学杂志》编辑部
京ICP备16058274号-1
地址:天津市和平区大理道1号,邮编:300050  电话:022-84655184  E-mail:tjzgyish@163.com
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn