首页  期刊介绍 征稿简则 编委会 期刊征订 广告服务 留言板 联系我们 English

中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 414-418.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5971.2020.088

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

消痰化瘀利窍中药组方对改善慢性间歇性低氧大鼠心肌纤维化的作用及其机制*

李杰茹, 任静, 杨胜昌, 韩聚强, 郭亚净, 吉恩生   

  1. 河北中医学院生理教研室, 石家庄 050020
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-12 修回日期:2020-07-06 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 0311-89926078; E-mail: jesphy@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    *河北省自然科学基金项目( H2019423136);河北省教育厅高等学校科学技术重点研究项目( ZD2014043);河北中医学院科技能力提升项目(KTY2019058)

Effect of xiaotan huayu liqiao traditional Chinese medicine compound on myocardial fibrosis in rats with chronic intermittent hypoxia and its mechanism

LI Jie-ru, REN Jing, YANG Sheng-chang, HAN Ju-qiang, GUO Ya-jing, JI En-sheng   

  1. Department of Physiology, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050020, China
  • Received:2019-11-12 Revised:2020-07-06 Published:2021-02-25

摘要: 目的: 探讨转化生长因子-β(TGF-β)信号通路在消痰化瘀利窍中药组方(XC)对改善慢性间歇性低氧(CIH)大鼠心肌纤维化中的作用。方法: 40只SD 大鼠,随机分为常氧组(Normoxia)、常氧+中药干预组(TCMC)、慢性间歇性低氧模型组(CIH)、CIH +中药干预组(TCMC+CIH),每组10只。通过向舱内充入氮气,使舱内氧体积分数在90 s内从21%下降到9%,随后90 s再充氧气使舱内氧体积分数逐渐上升到21%为一循环建立CIH模型。CIH 与 TCMC+CIH 组大鼠置于CIH装置, Normoxia 和TCMC组大鼠置于正常氧舱。此外TCMC+CIH 与 TCMC 组大鼠于每日XC生药(24 g/kg)煎制灌胃,而 CIH 组与 Normoxia 组大鼠给予等体积生理盐水。造模结束后,天狼星红染色观察大鼠心肌间质内胶原沉积情况;Western blot 法检测大鼠心肌间质中 CollagenⅠ、Collagen Ⅲ、Fibronectin、TGF-β、p-Smad2、p-Smad3的蛋白表达水平。采用Q-PCR法检测基质金属蛋白酶2(MMP-2)和基质金属蛋白酶抑制因子 2 (TIMP-2) 的 mRNA表达水平。结果: 与正常组比较,CIH大鼠心肌组织出现明显胶原的沉积,CollagenⅠ、Collagen Ⅲ和Fibronectin蛋白表达明显增多(P均<0.01),TGF-β、p-Smad2、p-Smad3蛋白表达水平也明显增高(P均<0.01);CIH大鼠心肌组织TIMP-2 mRNA上调导致MMP-2 mRNA明显减少(P均<0.01)。给予XC干预后,CIH大鼠心肌组织胶原沉积明显减少,CollagenⅠ、Collagen Ⅲ和Fibronectin蛋白表达明显降低(P<0.05,P< 0.01,P<0.05);CIH大鼠心肌组织中TGF-β、p-Smad2、p-Smad3蛋白表达水平明显降低(P<0.01,P<0.05,P< 0.01)。心肌组织中TIMP-2明显基因减少致MMP-2增多(P均<0.05)。 结论: 消痰化瘀利窍中药组方可抑制CIH大鼠心肌纤维化的形成,进而改善CIH大鼠心肌功能。其机制与该中药组方下调TGF-β/ Smad2/3信号通路及下调TIMP-2mRNA有关。

关键词: 中药消痰化瘀利窍复方, 慢性间歇性低氧, 心肌纤维化, 转化生长因子-β, Smad蛋白, 大鼠

Abstract: Objective: To explore the role of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway in xiaotan huayu liqiao traditional Chinese medicine compound (XC)'s anti-myocardial fibrosis in chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) rats. Methods: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normoxia group, oxygen + traditional Chinese medicine compound group ( TCMC), Chronic intermittent hypoxia model group (CIH), TCMC + CIH, 10 in each group. CIH cabin was built by filling with nitrogen and oxygen. Firstly, the volume fraction of oxygen in the cabin reduced from 21% to 9% in 90 s by filling the cabin with nitrogen. And then it gradually rose to 21% by reoxygenating in 90s, as a cycle. CIH and TCMC+CIH group rats were placed in the CIH device, while normoxia and TCMC group rats were placed in the normal oxygen chamber. In addition, rats in TCMC +CIH group and TCMC group were treated with XC crude drug (24 g/kg) daily by gavage, while rats in CIH group and normoxia group were given equal volume normal saline. Using sirius red staining, the collagen in myocardial interstitium was visualized. The protein expressions of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin were detected by Western blot, p-Smad3, p-Smad2 and TGF-β protein in the TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway were also analyzed by Western blot. The mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase -2(TIMP-2) were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Compared with the rats exposed to normoxia, the CIH rats showed obvious collagen deposition, protein expressions of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin were significantly increased in the myocardial tissue (P<0.01). The protein expression levels of TGF-β, p-smad2 and p-smad3 in the myocardial tissue of the CIH rats were also significantly increased (P<0.01). The up-regulation of TIMP-2 mRNA in the myocardial tissues resulted in the decrease of MMP-2 mRNA(P<0.01). XC reduced myocardial fibrosis of CIH rats and inhibited the expressions of collagen I and collagen III and fibronectin protein (P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.05, respectively). The further mechanism study showed that XC inhibited the expression of TGF-β (P<0.01), which down-regulated the expressions of p-smad2, p-smad3 and TIMP-2 (P<0.05). Conclusion: XC could reduce the expression of TGF-β and smad2/3 phosphorylation, down-regulate the expression of TIMP-2, which would inhibit the formation of myocardial fibrosis in CIH rats, and improve the myocardial function of CIH rats.

Key words: Xiaotan huayu liqiao traditional Chinese medicine compound, chronic intermittent hypoxia, myocardial fibrosis, transforming growth factor beta, Smads, rat

中图分类号: 

版权所有 © 2015 《中国应用生理学杂志》编辑部
京ICP备16058274号-1
地址:天津市和平区大理道1号,邮编:300050  电话:022-84655184  E-mail:tjzgyish@163.com
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn