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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 216-222.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5974.2020.048

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

小剂量辣椒素抗小鼠肺纤维化的作用及其机制

卢林明1+, 俞婷婷2+, 何晓伟3, 汤娟3, 李先伟3△   

  1. 1.皖南医学院病理学教研室, 安徽 芜湖 241002;
    2.皖南医学院医学机能学实验实训中心, 安徽 芜湖 241002;
    3.皖南医学院药理学教研室, 安徽 芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-20 修回日期:2020-05-13 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 05533932464; E-mail: wnmclixianwei69@163.com.: 为共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省高校自然科学研究重点项目(2018A0254,KJ2019A0419);皖南医学院重点科研项目培育基金(LAB201805)

Effect of small dose capsaicin for treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in mice and its mechanism

LU Lin-ming1+, YU Ting-ting2+, HE Xiao-wei3, TANG Juan3, LI Xian-wei3△   

  1. 1. Department of Pathology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002;
    2. Experimental Training Center for Functional Subjects, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002;
    3. Department of Pharmacology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China
  • Received:2019-11-20 Revised:2020-05-13 Published:2020-09-25

摘要: 目的: 观察小剂量辣椒素(Cap)抗小鼠肺纤维化的作用是否与其激动瞬时电位感受器香草酸受体1(TRPV1)有关。方法: 实验设对照(CON)组、博莱霉素(BLM)组、Cap(0.5、1、2 mg/kg)剂量组及Cap (2 mg/kg)+ TRPV1受体阻断剂SB-452533(2.5 mg/kg)剂量组,每组n=12。BLM(3.5 mg/kg)气管注射诱导肺纤维化小鼠模型。造模后连续皮下注射给药21 d。血浆降钙素基因相关肽(CGRP)浓度采用ELISA法快速测定。肺组织病理变化和胶原沉积分别采用HE染色、Masson染色和免疫组化进行检测。肺组织α-CGRP、β-CGRP、I 型胶原(collagen I)、III 型胶原(collagen III)、E钙粘蛋白(E-Cadherin)、紧密连接蛋白-1(ZO-1)、波形蛋白(Vimentin)、α-平滑肌肌动蛋白(α-SMA)、TRPV1、磷酸化ERK1/2(p-ERK1/2)和真核翻译起始因子3a(eIF3a)mRNA及蛋白表达分别采用qPCR和(或)Western blot法检测。结果: 与BLM组相比,小剂量Cap给药21 d后,病理检查发现小鼠肺纤维化明显减轻;肺组织胶原表达明显下降(P<0.05或P<0.01);肺泡上皮细胞上皮间质转分化(EMT)明显受到抑制(E-Cadherin和ZO-1的表达明显升高(P<0.05或P<0.01)而Vimentin和α-SMA的表达明显降低(P<0.05或P<0.01));TRPV1和CGRP表达水平明显升高(P<0.05或P<0.01)而ERK磷酸化水平和eIF3a表达水平明显降低(P<0.05或P<0.01)。但当使用TRPV1受体阻断剂阻断TRPV1后,小剂量Cap逆转肺泡EMT、改善肺纤维化的作用被显著取消,同时CGRP表达水平又明显降低(P<0.01)而p-ERK1/2和eIF3a的表达水平又明显升高(P<0.01)。结论: 小剂量Cap能够逆转肺泡上皮细胞EMT、缓解肺纤维化。其机制可能与其激动TRPV1、促进CGRP释放,进而抑制ERK磷酸化和下调eIF3a的表达有关。

关键词: 瞬时电位感受器香草酸受体1, 辣椒素, 肺纤维化, 肺泡上皮间质转分化, 小鼠

Abstract: Objective: To observe whether the mechanism of small dose capsaicin (Cap) against pulmonary fibrosis in mouse is mediated by agitating transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). Methods: A total of 60 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control (CON) group, bleomycin (BLM)group, Cap (0.5, 1,2 mg/kg) groups and Cap (2 mg/kg) plus SB-452533 (2.5 mg/kg) group. C57BL/6 mice were intratracheally injected with 3.5 mg/kg BLM to induce pulmonary fibrosis model. Animals for drugs treatment received daily drug via subcutaneous injection for 21 days. The morphological changes and collagen deposition in lung tissues were analysed by HE staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry. The concentration of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in plasma was determined by ELISA. The mRNA and (or) proteins levels of α-CGRP, β-CGRP, collagen I, collagen III, E-Cadherin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), vimentin, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), TRPV1, p-ERK1/2 and eukaryotic initiation factor 3a (eIF3a) were detected by qPCR and (or) Western blot. Results: Compared with the BLM group, small dose Cap significantly reduced bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice and obviously reversed alveolar epithelial cells epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) (the expression of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)and the expression of α-SMA and Vimentin were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) after drugs treatment for 21 day, concomitantly with the increase the expressions of TRPV1 and CGRP (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and inhibiting ERK1/2 phosphorylation and eIF3a expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01). These effects of small dose Cap were abolished in the presence of TRPV1 receptor antagonist SB-452533. Conclusion: The results suggest that small dose Cap can reverse alveolar epithelial cells EMT and alleviate bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice by inhibiting ERK1/2/eIF3asignaling pathway, which is related to agitating TRPV1 receptor and releasing of CGRP.

Key words: transient receptor potential vanilloid 1, capsaicin, pulmonary fibrosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition

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