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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 606-610.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6112.2021.091

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

PD-L1对细菌脓毒症免疫抑制的影响及其机制*

王方, 杨沐雨2, 王斌1, 曲震理1, 胡清茹1   

  1. 1.南阳医学高等专科学校基础医学部, 河南 南阳 473000;
    2.河南中医药大学第一临床医学院, 郑州 450000
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-17 修回日期:2021-03-24 出版日期:2021-11-28 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 13598290558; E-mail: wangfangnyyz@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    *河南省基础与前沿技术研究计划项目(152300410018);南阳市科技攻关计划项目(KJGG2018095,2019KJGG118,2019KJGG191)

Effects of PD-L1 on immunosuppression of bacterial sepsis and its relevant mechanism

WANG Fang, YANG Mu-yu2, WANG Bin1, QU Zhen-li1, HU Qing-ru1   

  1. 1. Department of Basic Medicine, NanYang Medical College, Nanyang 473000;
    2. First Clinical Medical School, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, China
  • Received:2020-06-17 Revised:2021-03-24 Online:2021-11-28 Published:2021-11-25

摘要: 目的:探讨在脂多糖(LPS)所致细菌脓毒症免疫抑制中树突状细胞(DCs)程序性细胞死亡配体-1(PD-L1)的表达情况及其相关信号通路。方法:细菌脂多糖刺激骨髓来源树突状细胞诱导淋巴细胞免疫抑制模型,实验分为5组:对照组(Con)、脂多糖组(LPS)、2-(4-吗啉基)-8-苯基-4H-1-苯并吡喃-4-酮+脂多糖组(LY294002+LPS)、吡咯烷二硫代甲酸铵盐+脂多糖组(PDTC+LPS)和脂多糖+封闭PD-L1组(LPS+αPD-L1)。小鼠骨髓来源单核细胞用含粒细胞巨噬细胞集落刺激因子(rmGM-CSF 10 ng/ml)和白介素4(rmIL-4 1 ng/ml)的10%胎牛血清1640培养基于CO2培养箱37℃静置培养4 d后,LPS(10 ng/ml)处理DCs静置12 h获得PD-L1高表达的DCs作为免疫抑制刺激细胞。通路抑制剂LY294002(10 μmol/L)、PDTC (20 μmol/L)作用1 h阻断PI3K和NF-κB信号。采用流式细胞分析、激光共聚焦显微成像检测LPS诱导树突状细胞PD-L1表达及磷脂酰肌醇3激酶/丝氨酸苏氨酸激酶B (PI3K/AKT) 信号通路活化情况;BrdU细胞增殖实验和γ-干扰素酶联免疫斑点实验检测LPS诱导树突状细胞PD-L1表达上调对抗原特异性T细胞增殖反应及细胞毒性T细胞杀伤作用的影响。结果:与对照组比较,LPS组DCs表面PD-L1阳性细胞百分比升高(P<0.01),PD-L1荧光信号强度增强,且主要分布于细胞表面和细胞质,DCs介导的T细胞增殖水平降低(P<0.01),γ-干扰素斑点形成细胞数下降(P<0.01)。与LPS组比较,LY294002+LPS组、PDTC+LPS组和LPS+αPD-L1组PD-L1荧光信号强度降低,T细胞增殖水平升高(P<0.01),γ-干扰素斑点形成细胞数上升(P<0.01),改善树突状细胞介导的T细胞免疫抑制现象。 结论:PD-L1是介导脂多糖所致细菌脓毒症免疫抑制的关键分子,PI3K信号、NF-κB信号也参与此免疫抑制过程。

关键词: 细菌脓毒症, 脂多糖, 树突状细胞, 程序性细胞死亡配体-1, 磷脂酰肌醇3激酶/丝氨酸苏氨酸激酶B 信号

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in dendritic cells (DCS) and its related signaling pathway in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immunosuppression of bacterial sepsis.Methods: Stimulating with bacterial LPS, bone marrow-derived dendritic cells could induce T lymphocyte immunosuppression imitating bacterial sepsis model. The experiments were divided into 5 groups: control group, LPS group, 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1- benzopyran-4-one (LY294002)+LPS group, pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate(PDTC)+LPS group and LPS+anti-PD-L1 group with 6 multiple wells in each group. After mice bone marrow source monocytes were cultured with rmGM-CSF (10 ng/ml) and rmIL-4 (1 ng/ml) in 10% fetal bovine serum 1640 for 4 days, DCs cells were treated with with 10 ng/ml LPS for 12 h to obtain immunosuppressive cells with high expression of PD-L1. Pathway-inhibitors LY294002 (10 μmol/L) and PDTC (20 μmol/L) were used to block PI3K and NF-κB signals. Flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to detect the PD-L1 expression and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signal activation on DCs. BrdU cell proliferation assay and γ-interferon enzyme-linked immunospot assay were used to detect ovalbumin specific T lymphocyte proliferation response and cytotoxic T cell response, respectively. Results: Compared with the control group, the percentage of PD-L1 positive cells and PD-L1 red fluorescence intensity of DCs were all increased(P<0.01), while DCs- mediated T cell proliferation and γ-interferon spot-forming cell number were decreased (P<0.01).PI3K inhibitor LY294002, NF-κB inhibitor PDTC and PD-L1 blocking antibody could significantly reverse the inhibition of DCs mediated T lymphocytes immunosuppression above (P<0.01). Conclusion: PD-L1 was a key molecule that mediates immunosuppression in lipopolysaccharide induced bacterial sepsis. PI3K Signal and NF- κB signal were also involved in this immunosuppressive process.

Key words: bacterial sepsis, lipopolysaccharide, dendritic cells, PD-L1, PI3K-AKT signal

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