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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 337-342.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6144.2021.052

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

Sox11基因对发育期小鼠大脑皮层神经元迁移的影响

吕烨, 孙小婉, 张聪, 栾志琳   

  1. 大连医科大学医学科学研究院, 辽宁 大连 116044
  • 出版日期:2021-07-28 发布日期:2021-08-09
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 18804286359; E-mail: luanzl@dmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金资助项目(81601174);大连医科大学本科创新人才培养教学改革项目基金(111806010301);大连市高层次人才创新支持计划“青年科技之星”项目(2019RQ116)

Effects of Sox11 gene on neuronal migration in the development mouse cerebral cortex

LYU Ye, SUN Xiao-wan, ZHANG Cong, LUAN Zhi-lin   

  1. Advanced Institute for Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, China
  • Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-08-09

摘要: 目的: 以小鼠为实验动物研究精神分裂症易感基因Sox11对皮层神经元迁移的影响。方法: 应用实时荧光定量PCR、原位杂交等技术明确发育期 (E14.5, P0, P7, P14) Sox11于大脑皮层的表达模式;应用质粒构建、转染、胚胎电转、免疫荧光染色等技术,对不同时期 (E17.5, P0, P4, P7) 的小鼠分别转染对照shRNA质粒、mSox11 shRNA质粒和mSox11 shRNA干扰恢复后质粒,研究Sox11在神经元放射性迁移中的作用。结果: 与对照组神经元相比,转染mSox11 shRNA的神经元迁移明显延迟。当对照组神经元有一部分已经到达新皮层的表层时,大部分转染mSox11 shRNA的神经元仍停留在新皮层中间区;使用大鼠Sox11基因 (rSox11) 过表达载体对小鼠Sox11基因的干扰进行恢复后,神经元迁移完成后的分布情况与对照基本一致。小鼠Sox11干扰后和干扰恢复后,室管膜下区 (SVZ)、中间区 (IZ) 和皮层板 (CP) 内迁移神经元分布具有显著性差异 (P<0.01)。结论: Sox11可以促进皮层神经元的迁移,提示Sox11在小鼠皮层神经元迁移过程中发挥重要功能。

关键词: Sox11, 小鼠, 脑发育, 神经元迁移

Abstract: Objective: To study the effect of the schizophrenia susceptible gene Sox11 on the migration of cortical neurons using mice as experimental animals. Methods: The real-time quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization were used to clarify the expression pattern of Sox11 in the cerebral cortex during development (E14.5, P0, P7, P14). The techniques of plasmid construction, transfection, in utero electroporation and immunostaining were used to explore the role of Sox11 in the neuronal radial migration by transfecting control shRNA plasmid, mSox11 shRNA plasmid and mSox11 shRNA post-interference recovery plasmid in mice of different ages (E17.5, P0, P4, P7). Results: Compared with control neurons, the migration of mSox11 shRNA transfected neurons was delayed significantly. When a part of the neurons in the control group had reached the surface of the neocortex, most of the neurons transfected with mSox11 shRNA remained in the middle area of the neocortex. After the rat Sox11 (rSox11) gene overexpression vector was used to recuse the mouse Sox11 (mSox11) gene interference in mice, the distribution of neurons after migration was basically the same as the control. The distribution of migrating neurons in the subventricular zone (SVZ), intermediate zone (IZ), and cortical plate (CP) was different significantly (P<0.01) after Sox11 interference and recovery. Conclusion: Sox11 can promote the migration of cortical neurons, suggesting that Sox11 plays a crucial role in the migration process of mouse cortical neurons.

Key words: Sox11, mouse, brain development, neuronal migration

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