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中国应用生理学杂志 ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 11-16.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6191.2022.003

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

MCC950对脑出血大鼠神经损伤的作用*

郭亚净, 任静, 刘寒, 李亭亭, 张帅, 王洪   

  1. 河北中医学院, 石家庄 050200
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-07 修回日期:2022-01-05 出版日期:2022-01-28 发布日期:2022-05-30
  • 通讯作者: Tel: 0311-89926100, 0311-89926546; E-mail: bossw@vip.sina.com, 444106775@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 河北省中医药管理局科研计划项目(2021110);河北中医学院优秀青年教师基础研究计划项目(YQ2019005);河北中医学院科研能力提升项目(KTY2019053);河北省研究生创新资助项目(CXZZBS2019163)

Effects of MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage

GUO Ya-jing, REN Jing, LIU Han, LI Ting-ting, ZHANG Shuai, WANG Hong   

  1. Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050200, China
  • Received:2021-04-07 Revised:2022-01-05 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-05-30

摘要: 目的: 研究NLRP3炎性小体抑制剂MCC950对脑出血(ICH)大鼠神经损伤的作用。方法: 72只SD大鼠随机分为3组(n=24):sham组、ICH组和MCC950组。ICH组和MCC950组采用自体非抗凝血注射方法建立大鼠脑出血模型后,给予MCC950组大鼠腹腔注射MCC950 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml),连续给药3 d。模型建立72 h后,进行前肢放置实验、转角实验和mNSS评分,观察ICH大鼠神经功能情况;新鲜脑组织切片,观察血肿体积变化情况;HE染色,观察脑组织病理学改变情况;干湿比重法,观察脑组织水肿变化情况;FJC染色,观察神经元退化的情况;TUNEL染色,观察神经元凋亡情况;Western blot,观察NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1、IL-1β、IL-18、GSDMD蛋白表达及激活水平的情况。结果: 与sham组比较,ICH组大鼠左前肢放置成功百分比和左侧转身百分比显著下降(P<0.01,P<0.05),mNSS评分显著升高(P<0.01),右侧脑内血肿体积显著增大,血肿周围脑组织中小胶质细胞数量增加,神经元数量减少,神经细胞肿胀,排布不均,部分细胞固缩性坏死,染色加深,右侧基底部含水量显著增多(P<0.05),血肿周围脑组织中FJC阳性和TUNEL阳性细胞数量显著增加(P<0.05),NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1、pro-caspase-1、caspase-1/pro-caspase-1比值、GSDMD-N、GSDMD、GSDMD-N/GSDMD比值、IL-1β和IL-18水平显著升高(P<0.01,P<0.05)。与ICH组比较,MCC950组大鼠左前肢放置成功百分比和左侧转身百分比显著升高(P<0.05),mNSS评分显著降低(P<0.01),右侧脑内血肿体积显著减小,血肿周围脑组织中神经细胞肿胀显著减轻,固缩坏死细胞数量减少,右侧基底含水量显著减少(P<0.05),血肿周围脑组织中FJC阳性和TUNEL阳性细胞数量显著减少(P< 0.05),NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1、pro-caspase-1、caspase-1/pro-caspase-1比值、GSDMD-N、GSDMD、GSDMD-N/GSDMD比值、IL-1β和IL-18水平显著降低(P<0.05)。结论: MCC950可以通过抑制NLRP3炎性小体介导的炎症反应和细胞焦亡改善ICH后的神经损伤。

关键词: MCC950, NLRP3炎性小体, 脑出血, 大鼠, 神经损伤, 炎症反应, 细胞焦亡

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of the pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). Methods: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=24): Sham group, ICH group and MCC950 group. ICH group and MCC950 group rats were injected with autogenous non-anticoagulant blood to establish ICH model, and then the rats in MCC950 group were intraperitoneally injected with MCC950 at the dose of 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml) for 3 days after ICH model was established. Seventy-two hours after the establishment of the model, the forelimb placement test, the corner test and mNSS score were performed to observe the neurological function of the rats with ICH. The volume of hematoma was observed in fresh brain tissue sections. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue. The dry-wet weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the changes of brain tissue edema. The degeneration of neurons was observed by FJC staining. The neuronal apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining. The protein expression and activation levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05), mNSS score was increased significantly (P<0.01) in ICH group. Hematoma volume was increased significantly, the number of microglial cells around the hematoma was increased, the number of neurons was decreased, nerve cell swelled, some cells showed pyknotic necrosis, and the staining was deepened. The water content of the right base was increased significantly (P<0.05). The number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was increased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly (P<0.01, P< 0.05). Compared with ICH group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was increased significantly in MCC950 group (P<0.05), while the mNSS score and the volume of hematoma were decreased significantly (P<0.01), the swelling degree of nerve cells around the hematoma was reduced significantly, and the number of pyrotic necrotic cells was decreased. The water content of the right base was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: MCC950 can ameliorate nerve injury after ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome mediated inflammation and pyroptosis.

Key words: MCC950, NLRP3 inflammasome, intracerebral hemorrhage, rat, nerve injury, inflammation, pyroptosis

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