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CJAP ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 323-328.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5478.2017.079

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The effects of dihydromyricetin on cognitive dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mice

ZHU Ze-mei1,2, YANG Ji-hua2, YANG Si-si2, HE Jian-qin2, ZHANG Kai-fang2, FENG Shui-dong3, LING Hong-yan2   

  1. 1. Department of Medicine, Changde Vocational Technical College, Changde 415003;
    2. Department of Physiology, University of South China, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China;
    3. Department of Social Medicine and Health Service Management, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China
  • Received:2016-07-25 Revised:2017-06-16 Online:2017-07-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:

Abstract: Objective: To observe the effects of dihydromyricetin(DHM) on cognitive dysfunction and expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) protein in hippocampus of type 2 diabetic mice(T2DM).Methods: Forty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into two groups, normal control group (n=8):normal diet feeding; T2DM model group (n=32):high-glucose and high-fat combined with 100 mg/kg streptozocin(STZ) treatment (five mice died during modeling and three failed). Twenty-four diabetic mice were modeled successfully and divided into three groups (T2DM group, T2DM+L-DHM group and T2DM+H-DHM group). Three groups mice were fed with high-glucose and high-fat diet, and treated with equal volume of normal saline, 125 mg/(kg·d) DHM or 250 mg/(kg·d) DHM for 16 weeks respectively. The control mice were fed with normal diet and treated with equal volume of saline (once a day, gavage) for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks, the body weight and fasting blood glucose were measured, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test and related behavioral experiment were performed. Finally, the expression of BDNF protein in hippocampus of mice was detected by Western blot.Results: The model of type 2 diabetes mellitus was established successfully with high-glucose and high-fat combined with 100 mg/kg STZ. After 16 weeks, the body weight of T2DM group was significantly decreased, the fasting blood glucose was significantly increased and the glucose tolerance was significantly abnormal compared with the normal control group. Compared with T2DM group, the body weight of T2DM+DHM groups mice was increased, while the levels of fasting blood glucose were decreased. And H-DHM could significantly improve the abnormal glucose tolerance of T2DM mice. Behavior test results showed that the ability of learning and memory of T2DM mice was significant decreased compared with control group, but these phenomena were improved in T2DM+DHM groups mice, and T2DM+H-DHM group was more obvious. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of BDNF protein in hippocampus of T2DM group was significantly lower than that of control group, while T2DM+DHM group was significant increased compared with T2DM mice.Conclusion: Dihydromyricetin can improve the cognitive dysfunction in type 2 diabetic mice. The mechanism may be through hypoglycemic effect and activation of BDNF protein expression in hippocampus.

Key words: dihydromyricetin, type 2 diabetes, mouse, cognitive impairment, BDNF

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