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CJAP ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 380-384.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5500.2017.092

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Effect of dexmedetomidine on renal injury induced by lung ischemia/reperfusion in mice

XIANG Bing-qian1, GAO Hui1, LUO Zi-yin1, FANG Zhou-xi2, WANG Wan-tie1   

  1. 1. Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Research Institute, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China;
    2. Department of Electron Microscopy, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China
  • Received:2016-10-08 Revised:2017-05-08 Online:2017-07-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:
    浙江省公益技术应用研究项目(2013C33168);浙江省新苗人才计划项目(2014R413043);温州市公益性科技计划项目(Y20140652)

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine(Dex) on renal injury induced by lung ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) in mice.Methods: Fifty healthy SPF male C57BL/6J mice, weighing 20 g~24 g,aged 8~10 weeks,were randomly divided into five groups(n=10 each):sham operation group(sham group),lung ischemia/reperfusion group(I/R group), lung ischemia/reperfusion and normal saline group (NS group), dexmedetomidine group(Dex group), dexmedetomidine and atipamezole group (DA group). Lung ischemia/reperfusion model was established by occlusion of the left pulmonary artery for 30 min followed by 180 min reperfusion in mice. In Dex and DA groups, dexmedetomidine 20 μg/kg and dexmedetomidine 20 μg/kg plus atipamezole 250 μg/kg were injected intraperitoneally respectively at 30 min before establishment of the model, isopyknic normal saline instead of Dex were injected intraperitoneally in NS group. After the experiment the mice were killed and plasma IL-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) concentration were detected by ELISA; the renal tissues were harvested to observe ultra structure under electron microscope.Results: Compared with sham group, the concentrations of IL-1β and TNF-α in other groups were increased significantly and the structure damages of renal tissues observed under electron microscope in other groups were more serious than those of sham group. Compared with I/R group, NS groups and DA group, the concentrations of IL-1β and TNF-α in Dex group were significantly lower(P<0.05)and the structure damages of renal tissues observed under electron microscope in Dex group were slighter.Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine pretreatment can attenuate renal injury induced by lung ischemia/reperfusion and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of inflammatory responses.

Key words: dexmedetomidine, ischemia/reperfusion injury, renal, IL-1β, TNF-α

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