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CJAP ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 415-419.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5526.2017.100

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Effects of Dexmedetomidine on the levels of proinflammatory mediators IL-1βand TNF-α in pulmonary ischemia/reperfusion injury rats and the mechanisms

XIANG Bing-qian1, HE Jin-bo2, GAO Hui1, LUO Zi-yin1, DAI Yong-yue1, WANG Wan-tie1   

  1. 1. Institute of Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035;
    2. Shiyan Taihe Hospital, Shiyan 442000, China
  • Received:2016-11-24 Revised:2017-06-23 Online:2017-09-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:
    浙江省公益技术应用研究项目(2013C33168);浙江省新苗人才计划项目(2014R413043);温州市公益性科技计划项目(20140652)

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effects and mechanism of the Dexmedetomidine on the levels of proinflammatory mediators interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in ischemia/reperfusion(I/R)rats.Methods: Fifty healthy SPF male SD rats, 250~310 g,8~12 weeks,were randomly divided into five groups(n=10):sham operation group(sham group),I/R group, dexmedetomidine group(Dex group), atipamezole group(Atip group), dexmedetomidine plus atipamezole(Dex+Atip group). The I/R model was established by clipping hilus of left lung for 30 min and then reperfusion for 2 h. Dex group, Atip group and Dex + Atip group were performed by intraperitoneal injection dexmedetomidine(20 μg/kg),atipamezole(250 μg/kg),Dexmedetomidine(20 μg/kg)+atipamezole(250 μg/kg)respectively 30 min in advance before hilus of left lung was clipped, the rest of the process was the same with I/R group. After the experiment the rats were killed and the left lung tissues to determine the lung wet/dry weight(W/D) and total lung water content(TLW); Ultra structure of lung tissues were observed under light microscope and electron microscope; IL-1β and TNF-α levels were determined by using ELISA.Results: Compared with the sham group, the W/D、TLW、IL-1β and TNF-α in other groups were increased significantly (P<0.05). The structure damages of lung tissues observed under light microscope and electron microscope in other groups were more serious than that of sham group. Compared with I/R、Atip、Dex+Atip group, the levels of W/D、TLW,IL-1β and TNF-α in Dex group were lower (P<0.05), the structure damages of lung tissues observed under light microscopy and electron microscope in Dex group were slighter. There was no significant difference of the above parameters among I/R、Atip、Dex+Atip group.Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine can alleviate ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat lung through lowering the level of proinflammatory mediators IL-1β and TNF-α,the possible mechanism may be through stimulation of α2 adrenaline receptors.

Key words: dexmedetomidine, ischemia/reperfusion injury, proinflammatory mediators, IL-1β, TNF-α, rats

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