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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 35-38.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5592.2018.010

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cts of prenatal exposure of 850-1900MHz mobile phone on the expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of offspring rats

WANG Ling-xing1, HUANG Hong-hong1, LV Guo-rong2,3   

  1. 1. Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou 362000, China;
    2. Department of Ultrasound, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou 362000, China;
    3. Department of Clinical Medicine, Quanzhou Medical College, Quanzhou 362000, China
  • Received:2017-04-17 Revised:2017-10-31 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:
    福建省自然科学基金项目(2015J01449);福建省卫生计生中青年骨干人才培养项目(2016-ZQN-53)

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of prenatal mobile phone exposure on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and doublecortin (DCX) in dentate gyrus of offspring rats.Methods: The rat model of prenatal mobile phone exposure was established and there were three groups including control group, short term maternal exposure group and long term maternal exposure group(n=6). From pregnant day 1 to day 17, pregnant rats in long term and short term maternal exposure group were exposed to an mobile phone in talking mode for 6 h/d and 24 h/d, respectively. Length of pregnancy, maternal body weight gain, litter size and pup's body weight were observed. The cell morphology in dentate gyrus of offspring rats at the age of 1 month was studied by cresyl violet staining. The immunohistochemical expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of rat offspring were detected, and the expression of DCX and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampus of rat offspring were evaluated by Western blot.Results: There was no difference in length of pregnancy, maternal body weight gain, litter size and pup's body weight among three groups. The morphological changes of pyramidal cells in the polymorphic layer and DCX-positive cells in the dentate gyrus were obvious in rat offspring of long term maternal exposure group. There were less PCNA-positive cells in dentate gyrus and decreased expression of DCX and BDNF in hippocampus by Western blot in long term maternal exposure group compared with control and short term maternal exposure group (all P<0.05).Conclusion: Long term prenatal mobile phone exposure might inhibit the expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of rat offspring by down-regulating BDNF.

Key words: prenatal mobile phone exposure, offspring rats, PCNA, DCX

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