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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 355-359.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5639.2018.081

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Effect of oxidative stress on periprosthetic osteolysis induced by TCP wear particles in mouse calvaria and its mechanism

LIU Jian-rong, MAO Hong-jiao, GUO Gao-li, FU Jing-lei, TONG Xia, QIAN Qin-qing, LUO Hua-gang, ZHANG Yun   

  1. Department of Basic Medicine, College of Medicine, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China
  • Received:2017-10-30 Revised:2018-01-18 Online:2018-07-28 Published:2019-02-21
  • Supported by:
    浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(LY17H060007);绍兴市大学生科技创新项目(绍市教高〔2016〕26号)

Abstract: Objective: To explore the effect of oxidative stress on periprosthetic osteolysis induced by TCP wear particles in mouse calvaria and its mechanism. Methods: Thirty-six male ICR mice were randomly divided into three groups (n=12):sham group, TCP wear particles (TCP) group and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) group. Aperiprosthetic osteolysis model in mouse was established by implanting 30 mg of TCP wear particles onto the surface of bilateral parietal bones following removal of the periosteum. On the 2nd day post-operation, NAC (1.0 mg/kg) was locally injected to the calvarium under the periosteum every other day for 2 weeks. Then, all the mice were sacrificed to obtain blood and the calvaria. Periprosthetic osteolysis in the mouse calvaria was observed by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining; serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6); total anti-oxidation capacity (T-AOC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were examined by ELISA and chemical colorimetry, respectively; protein levels of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK), phospho-PERK (p-PERK), eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) and phospho-eIF2α (p-eIF2α) in periprosthetic bone tissue were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and osteolysis area were increased obviously in TCP group (P<0.05), and serum level of T-AOC and SOD activity were decreased significantly in TCP group (P<0.05), GRP78 expression, the ratio of p-PERK and PERK, p-eIF2α and eIF2α in the mouse calvaria of TCP group were up-regulated markedly. Compared with TCP group, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and osteolysis area were decreased markedly in NAC group (P<0.05), serum level of T-AOC and SOD activity were increased obviously in NAC group (P<0.05), and GRP78 expression, the ratio of p-PERK/PERK and p-eIF2α/eIF2α were obviously down-regulated. Conclusion: Inhibition of oxidative stress can prevent periprosthetic osteolysis induced by TCP wear particles, which may be mediated by inactivation of PERK/eIF2α signaling pathway.

Key words: TCP wear particles, osteolysis, oxidative stress, PERK/eIF2&alpha, pathway, mouse

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