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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 97-101.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5647.2018.024

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Changes in expression of autophagy-related factors during acute contusion repair of skeletal muscle

LUO Ao, TANG Cheng-lin, HUANG Si-qin, ZHAO Dan-dan, ZHANG An-ning, GUO Quan-hu, GAO Rui-qi, CAO Jing   

  1. College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
  • Received:2017-10-30 Revised:2017-12-27 Online:2018-03-28 Published:2018-05-22
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金项目(81273870)

Abstract: Objective:To explore the possible biological mechanism of skeletal muscle contusion repair through researching the changes in expression of autophagy-related genes and proteins in SD rats with acute skeletal muscle contusion. Methods:Six rats were randomly selected as the control group from 30 male SD rats, acute skeletal muscle contusion model were established in the remaining 24 rats with self-made hitter, then the model rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (3 d, 5 d, 7 d, 14 d groups, n=6). On the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th day after injury, injured gastrocnemius of each group was harvested. The morphological and the ultra-microstructure changes of gastrocnemius after injury were observed by HE staining and transmission electron microscope (TEM) respectively. The relative protein levels of (LC3-Ⅱ) and P62 of each group were observed by Western blot. The relative mRNA levels of atg7, atg10, atg12, atg16L1 of each group were observed by RTPCR. Results:The results of HE staining showed that compared with the control group, the inflammation reached its peak on the 5th day after injury, new muscle fibers were clearly observed in 7 d group. The results of TEM showed that, compared with the control group, oncotic mitochondria could be clearly seen in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups. Also, the Z line changed from disappearing to drift thickening, sarcoplasmic reticulum dilatation gradually improved, there was no evident difference between the 14 d group and the control group, suggesting that the damage has preliminarily healed. The results of Western blot showed that the expressions of LC3-Ⅱand P62 were increased at first and then decreased. The expression of LC3-Ⅱwas markedly up-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (P<0.01). Similarly, compared with the control group, the expression of P62 reached its peak on the 3rd day after injury (P<0. 01), and returned to normal level on the 14th day. The results of RT-PCR showed that the expression of atg10 mRNA in the natural recovery group of 3 d, 5 d, 7 d, 14 d was firstly decreased and then increased, the atg10 mRNA was markedly down-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (P<0. 01). The expression of atg7, atg12, atg16L1 mRNA was generally increased at first and then decreased, it was markedly up-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion:The above results indicate that the autophagy is involved in repair of skeletal muscle injury by its autophagyrelated factors,regularly changes after contusion, and the rate of damage repair may be related to the level of autophagy.

Key words: skeletal muscle, acute blunt trauma, damage repair, autophagy, rat

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