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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 464-469.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5661.2018.105

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Effect of Beclin-1 shRNA on hypoxia-induced autophagy in SH-SY5Y cells

LU Na, LI Cheng-zhang, LUO Xiao-qiu, YANG Kun-li   

  1. Department of Physiology and Neurobiology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, China
  • Received:2017-12-26 Revised:2018-08-06 Online:2018-09-28 Published:2019-02-21
  • Supported by:

Abstract: Objective: To observe the effect of hypoxia on autophagy in Beclin-1-knockdown SH-SY5Y cells by constructing a stable transfected SH-SY5Y cell lines of silencing Beclin-1 gene. Methods: Beclin-1shRNA lentiviral vector and negative control lentiviral vector were constructed; the vector was transfected into SH-SY5Y cells; then the expression of Beclin-1 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR, the level of Beclin-1 protein was detected by Western blot. CCK-8 method was used to determine the effect of Beclin-1 knockdown on the viability of SH-SY5Y cells. Next, the blank control, negative control and transfected cells were cultured under 21% normoxia and 5% hypoxia conditions. The expression of LC3 protein in each group was detected by Western blot and the autophagic bodies were observed by electron microscopy. Results: Beclin-1 shRNA significantly inhibited the expression of Beclin-1 mRNA and protein in SH-SY5Y cells; after silencing Beclin 1 gene, the survival rate of Beclin-1 shRNA group cells was no different from that of negative control (NC) group. After 5% hypoxia treatment, compared with NC group, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰand the number of autophagy bodies were all decreased in Beclin-1 shRNA group. Conclusion: Beclin-1 knockdown SH-SY5Y cell lines and negative control cell lines were successfully established. Lentivirus-mediated Beclin-1 shRNA has no effect on the viability of SH-SY5Y cells, but can inhibit hypoxia-induced autophagy.

Key words: SH-SY5Y, Beclin-1, autophagy, shRNA

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