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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 160-164.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5710.2019.035

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of high glucose induced primary cardiomyocytes injury on necroptosis and the related mechanism

FANG Ting-ting, CAO Rui-ping, YE Hong-wei, MA Shan-feng, GAO Qin   

  1. Department of Physiology, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China
  • Online:2019-03-28 Published:2019-06-27

Abstract: Objective: To observe whether necroptosis was happened in high glucose (HG) - induced primary cardiomyocytes injury and to investigate the likely mechanism. Methods: The primary cultured cardiomyocytes were divided into 4 groups (n=9): control group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 30 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG + necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) group (the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with necroptosis inhibitor Nec-1 at 100 μmol/L and HG for 48 h) and hypertonic pressure group (HPG, the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose and 24.5 mmol/L mannitol for 48 h). Cell viability was measured by MTT method, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured by DHE staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were tested by ELISA method. The mRNA and protein expressions of necroptosis related genes receptor interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (RIP1), RIP3, mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were tested by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. Results: The results showed HG intervention decreased cardiomyocytes viability, increased ROS generation, up-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, increased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels. Nec-1 treatment attenuated HG-induced increased cardiomyocytes viability, reduced ROS generation, down-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, decreased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels. Conclusion: Necroptosis was happened in high glucose-induced primary cardiomyocytes injury. Inhibition of necroptosis can reduce high glucose-induced cardiomyocytes damage, may be related to inhibition of oxidative stress and depression of inflammative factors releasing.

Key words: primary cardiomyocytes, rat, high glucose, RIP1, RIP3, MLKL

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