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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 155-159.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5728.2019.034

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Selection of modeling time for type 2 diabetes mellitus mouse

YANG Zhang-liang+, TONG Hai-ling+, SUN Meng-die, YUAN Jie, HU Ying, WANG Xu-tao, QI Min-you   

  1. Institution of Pharmacology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
  • Online:2019-03-28 Published:2019-06-27

Abstract: Objective: To analyze the changes of blood biochemical index and the pathological changes of myocardium and kidney in type 2 diabetic mouse at different time points, which can provide the basis for the selection of type 2 diabetic modeling time for later research. Methods: After 6 weeks of feeding with high-fat diet, 24 healthy male ICR mice were injected with streptozocin (STZ, 30 mg/kg) intraperitoneally for 5 days to establish diabetic models. After 9 days, a random blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol / L was measured as diabetic mice. 4, 6 and 8 weeks after successfully preparing the diabetic mouse, 8 diabetic mice (a group)would be sacrificed each time. Then the biochemical and pathological conditions were analyzed: ① the indexes of heart and kidney were calculated. ②the serum levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatinine (Cr) and blood urine nitrogen (BUN) were determined. ③ Histopathological changes of myocardium and renal tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Masson staining was used to observe the fibrosis of myocardium. PAS staining was adopted to observe the pathological changes of renal tissue. In addition, 8 ICR male mice were taken as the control group. Results: At the 4th, 6th and 8th week, cardiac organ coefficient, the values of LDH and CK were all increased compared with the control group. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis could be observed. Renal organ coefficient, the values of Cr and BUN were increased. Glomerular hypertrophy, basement membrane thickening and atrophy could be perceived. Conclusion: At the 6th week, related biochemical and pathological changes in diabetic mice were comparatively obvious and breeding time was relatively short. Thus, 6 weeks after the preparation of the diabetic mice would be the optimal time for type 2 diabetes mellitus modeling, proper for inventions of drugs and other research purposes including pathology, physiology, biochemistry, etc.

Key words: diabetes model, pathology, physiology, diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetic nephropathy, mice

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