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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 406-409.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5746.2019.088

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of hypoxia on the expression of HMGB1 and related inflammatory factors in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle and pulmonary artery endothelial cells

BU Bao-ying1, XU Xi-yuan, HAN Jun-ping2, YANG Jing-ping1   

  1. 1. Department of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Baotou 014010;
    2. The First Hospital of Handan, Handan 056000, China
  • Received:2018-09-07 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2020-01-02

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of hypoxia on the expressions of high mobility group box-1(HMGB1), HMGB1 receptors and inflammatory factors in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell( HPASMC) and human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAEC).The effects of HMGB1 on the proliferation and migration activity of the two kinds of cells were detected. Methods: HPASMC and HPAEC were cultured under hypoxic conditions (Hypoxia at 1% oxygen, Hypoxia group) and normoxic conditions(Control group) . The mRNA levels of HMGB1, Toll-like receptors 2,4,9 (TLR2 , TLR4, TLR9), the receptor of advanced glycation end products(RAGE) , CD24 and IL-6 ,TNF-α,CXCL8 were detected by real-time PCR. Cell proliferation was measured by MTS. Cell migration was analysed by wound healing test. Results: Compared with control group, the expressions of HMGB1 mRNA and RAGE mRNA in both HPASMC and HPAEC were increased significantly (P<0.05 and 0.01). Meanwhile, the expressions of CD24 mRNA in HPAEC and IL-6 mRNA in HPASMC of hypoxia group were increased significantly (P<0.05). MTS results showed that HMGB1 inhibited the proliferation of HPAEC at 345 pmol/L significantly (P<0.01). HMGB1 had no effect on the proliferation of HPASMC. Wound healing test showed that HMGB1 had no significant effect on HPASMC and HPAEC. Conclusion: HMGB1 was produced by HPAEC and HPASMC induced by hypoxia. HMGB1 induces endothelial barrier dysfunction by inhibiting HPAEC proliferation. Hypoxia stimulates HPASMC to produce inflammatory cytokines.

Key words: hypoxia, high-mobility group box 1, human pulmonary artery endothelial cells, human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, rat

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