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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 6-11.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5851.2020.002

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of dihydromyricetin on high fat diet induced obesity in mice and its mechanism

LUO Jin-ding1+, WU Di1+, LYU Hui-jie1+, HE Jian-qin1, YANG Si-si1, FENG Shui-dong2△, LING Hong-yan1△   

  1. 1. Department of Physiology, University of South China;
    2. Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China
  • Online:2020-01-28 Published:2020-06-01

Abstract: Objective:To observe the effects of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on obesity induced by high-fat diet in mice, and to explore whether its mechanism of action is related to the promotion of WAT browning. Methods: Sixty c57bl/6j mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=10): ①normal control group (ND group): normal feed feeding; ②Normal control + low dose DHM group (ND+L-DHM group): normal feed feeding was treated with low dose DHM (125 mg/(kg·d)); ③Normal control + high dose DHM group (ND+H-DHM group): normal feed feeding was treated with high dose DHM (250 mg/(kg·d)); ④High-fat diet group (HFD): high-fat diet; ⑤high-fat diet + low-dose DHM group (HFD+L-DHM group): high-fat diet feeding with low-dose DHM; ⑥High-fat diet + high-dose DHM group (HFD+H-DHM group): High-fat diet was treated with high-dose DHM. After 16 weeks, the mice were fasted overnight, blood samples were collected for fasting blood glucose and blood lipids, then the animals were sacrificed, body length was measured, and Lee's index was calculated. After weighing the adipose tissue in the scapula, groin and epididymis, formaldehyde fixation and HE staining were used to observe the fat cells size, immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1). The body weight was measured every 4 weeks during the experiment.Results: Compared with the ND group, the body weight of the mice in the HFD group was increased significantly, suggesting that the obese mouse model replicated successfully. In addition, the body fat weight, fat cell diameter, Lee's index and blood glucose of the HFD group were increased significantly, and the expression of UCP1 in the adipocytes was increased. Body weight, fat cell diameter, Lee's index and blood glucose of HFD mice treated with L-DHM and H-DHM were reversed significantly, while the expression of UCP1 in adipocytes was more significantly increased; however, L-DHM and H-DHM had no significant effects on the above indicators in normal mice.Conclusion: Dihydromyricetin inhibited high fat diet induced mouse obesity; the mechanism might be associated with promoting WAT browning.

Key words: dihydromyricetin, white adipose tissue browning, high fat diet, obesity, mouse

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