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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 255-260.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5900.2020.056

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of psoralen on rat osteoblasts injuries induced by TCP wear particles in vitro and its mechanism

CHEN Yu-feng1, DONG Fan-he1, LOU Yun-wei1, SHOU Jin-hao1, ZHANG Hui-ting1, ZHOU Yi-chao1, YAN Ming2, MAO Hong-jiao1, ZHANG Yun1△   

  1. 1. College of Medicine, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000;
    2. School of Automation, Hang Zhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2019-07-04 Revised:2020-04-28 Published:2020-09-25

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of psoralen on calvarial osteoblasts injuries caused by tricalcium phosphate (TCP) wear particles in vitro.Methods: Primary osteoblasts were obtained from the calvaria of neonatal SD rat by the series of digestion and were identified with ALP staining. Calvarial osteoblasts were treated with TCP wear particles for 48 h to establish the in vitro model of osteoblasts injuries. The rat osteoblasts were randomly divided into control group, TCP wear particles (0.1 mg/ml) group, psoralen treated (at the concentrations of 10-7, 10-6, 10-5 mol/L) groups. WST assay and the flow cytometry were used to detect the cell viability of osteoblasts and apoptosis, respectively. Chemical colorimetry was performed to examine ALP activity of osteobalsts. When the osteoblasts were treated for 14 day, mineral nodules formation was observed with alizarin red S staining. Western blot was applied to examine protein expressions of glucose regulated protein78/94(GRP78/94), inositol dependent enzyme 1 alpha (IREα), spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s) and phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) in calvarial osteoblasts. Results: Compared with control group, the cell viability of osteoblasts, ALP activity and mineral nodules formation in TCP group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), while the percentage of apoptosis and protein expressions of GRP78/94, IRE1α, XBP1 and p-JNK were obviously increased in calvarial osteoblasts (P<0.05). Compared with TCP group, the injuries of calvarial osteoblasts and cell apoptosis in psoralen treated groups were obviously decreased (P<0.05), and the expression levels of GRP78/94, IRE1α, XBP1 and p-JNK were down-regulated remarkably (P<0.05). Conclusion: Psoralen prevents osteoblasts injuries caused by TCP wear particles through IRE1α-XBP1s-JNK signaling pathway activation.

Key words: TCP wear particles, osteoblasts, psoralen, apoptosis, ER stress, rat

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