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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 106-110.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5908.2020.024

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of butylphthalide on microglia activation in frontal lobe of rats after chronic sleep deprivation

WANG Ling-xing, HONG Shan-yan, YANG Mei-li, HUANG Hong-hong   

  1. Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou 362000, China
  • Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-07-31

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effects of butylphthalide on microglia activation and inflammatory factors in frontal lobe of rats after chronic sleep deprivation. Methods: Rats were divided into four groups(n=8): control group, platform group, chronic sleep deprivation group and butylphthalide intervention group. Chronic sleep deprivation was performed in rats of chronic sleep deprivation group and butylphthalide intervention group for 18 h per day using the multiple platforms method, and sleep deprivation lasted for 28 days. At the same time, rats in platform group were put in platform, while rats in control group were in normal sleep. After 28 days of sleep deprivation, rats in butylphthalide intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with butylphthalide 100 mg/kg for 14 days, meanwhile rats in other groups were intraperitoneally injected with saline. Then brains were collected and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule-1 (Iba-1) positive cells in cortex in frontal lobe were studied and counted. The expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and arginase1 (Arg1) in frontal lobe were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA levels of interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined by real-time PCR. Results: Compared with control or platform group, the Iba-1 positive cells in chronic sleep deprivation group were large with long process, and increased cell counts were also found in the chronic sleep deprivation group (all P<0. 05). Moreover, the mRNA expression levels of iNOS, IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α were increased, while the expression of Arg1 was decreased in frontal lobe in rats of the chronic sleep deprivation group compared with the control or platform group (all P<0. 05). The Iba-1 positive cells in butylphthalide intervention group were reduced compared with chronic sleep deprivation group (P<0. 05). And the mRNA expression levels of iNOS, IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased, while the expression of Arg1 did not chang in rats of the butylphthalide intervention group compared with the chronic sleep deprivation group (all P<0. 05). Conclusion: Butylphthalide might inhibit the activation and decrease the inflammatory factors in frontal lobe of rats after chronic sleep deprivation.

Key words: chronic sleep deprivation, microglia, phenotype, inflammatory factor, butylphthalide, rat

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