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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 306-311.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5947.2020.066

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of acorus tatarinowii Schott and alpha asarone on free radicals and nNOS/NO in hippocampus of rats with fatigue movement

ZHU Mei-ju1△, MAO Ze-Hua2, GUO Hong-ying3, ZHU Hong-zhu1, DING Xiao-min1   

  1. 1. Institute of physical education, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an 343009;
    2. Logistics support department, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an 343009;
    3. College of continuing education and training, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an 343009, China
  • Received:2019-09-29 Revised:2020-05-13 Online:2020-07-28 Published:2020-11-09

Abstract: Objective: To study the effects of acorus tatarinowii Schott and its active ingredient-alpha-asarone on learning and memory, free radical metabolism and nNOS/NO signal in hippocampus of rats with fatigue movement. Methods: Eighty SD male rats were randomly divided into eight groups: control group(A), exercise group(B), exercise + alpha-asarone low, middle and high dose treatment group (C, D, E), exercise + acorus tatarinowii Schott low, middle and high dose treatment group (F, G, H),with ten rats in each group. The rats in group C, D and E were administered with alpha-asarone at the doses of 0.10, 0.50 and 1.00 mg.kg-1.WT-1 by ig. The rats in group F, G and H were administered with the extracts of Acorus tatarinowii Schott of at the doses of 0.12, 1.20 and 4.80 g.kg-1.WT-1 by ig. Learning and memory of rats were tested by the method of water maze experiment, and the activities of SOD and NOS, the contents of MDA were detected by the biochemical methods, and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of rats were tested by the method of Western blot in at the end of the experiment. Results: The escape latency and MDA content in hippocampus of rats in groups E and H were lower than those in groups B, C, D, F and G and the numbers of Plateau crossing, SOD and NOS activities and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of rats were higher than those in groups B, C, D, F and G(P<0.01). The activities of SOD in hippocampus of rats in groups A, E and H were A>E>H, whereas the contents of MDA were opposite (P<0.01); the activities of NOS and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of group E were lower than those of groups A and H (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between groups A and H (P>0.05). There were no significant difference in escape latency and numbers of crossing platform among groups A, E and H (P>0.05). Conclusion: Acorus tatarinowii Schott and alpha-asarone can significantly improve learning and memory of rats with fatigue movement. The mechanism is related to reclaiming the imbalance of free radical metabolism and up-regulating nNOS/NO signal in hippocampus of the rats.

Key words: acorus tatarinowii Schott, alpha-asarone, learning and memory, free radical metabolism, neuronal nitric oxide synthase, fatigue movement, rat

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