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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 197-201.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5960.2020.044

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of leptin on lipid metabolism and inflammatory factors in diabetic rats

ZHU Jian-zhong, ZHAO Can, SUI Yue-lin, LIU Yuan-yuan, QIAO Yue-bing   

  1. Cangzhou Medical College, Department of Anatomy, Cangzhou 061000, China
  • Received:2019-10-24 Revised:2020-03-26 Published:2020-09-25

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of leptin on glucose metabolism and related inflammatory factors in diabetic rats. Methods: Ten healthy male Wistar rats were randomly selected as the control group. Fifty rats were fed with high sugar and high fat diet and injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 25 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. They were randomly divided into model group, leptin low, middle and high dose group. The rats in the low, middle and high dose group were fed with leptin at the doses of 20, 50 and 100 μg/kg for 5 d respectively. Blood glucose (FBG) was measured by GOD-PAP method, insulin content (INS) was tested by radioimmunoassay, the serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression of leptin in adipose tissue of diabetic rats. Results: Compared with the control group, the blood glucose levels of other groups were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood glucose levels of middle and high dose leptin rats decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The insulin level of high dose leptin group decreased significantly (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in FBG and INS among the three groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, TC levels of middle and high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). TG and LDL-C levels of high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), HDL-C level of high dose group was increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with different dose groups, the high dose of leptin (100 μg/kg) could decrease the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, and increase the level of HDL-C, which was better than those of the middle and low dose of leptin (P<0.05) Compared with the model group (52.27±10.93), the levels of leptin in low, middle and high dose group were (47.35±12.09), (44.68±10.23) and (40.13±9.87) respectively, which could be decreased by leptin in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: The abnormal secretion of leptin is one of the factors inducing diabetes mellitus. Under the intervention of a certain concentration of exogenous leptin (100 μg/kg), it can significantly reduce the level of MDA, TNF-α, and improve the level of IL-6. The mechanism may be closely related to the reduction of inflammatory response, oxidative stress and correction of dyslipidemia. Leptin also reduces the risk of disease progression in diabetes treatment.

Key words: leptin, diabetes mellitus, glycolipid metabolism, inflammatory factors, rats

CLC Number: 

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