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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 216-222.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5974.2020.048

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of small dose capsaicin for treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in mice and its mechanism

LU Lin-ming1+, YU Ting-ting2+, HE Xiao-wei3, TANG Juan3, LI Xian-wei3△   

  1. 1. Department of Pathology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002;
    2. Experimental Training Center for Functional Subjects, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002;
    3. Department of Pharmacology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China
  • Received:2019-11-20 Revised:2020-05-13 Published:2020-09-25

Abstract: Objective: To observe whether the mechanism of small dose capsaicin (Cap) against pulmonary fibrosis in mouse is mediated by agitating transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). Methods: A total of 60 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control (CON) group, bleomycin (BLM)group, Cap (0.5, 1,2 mg/kg) groups and Cap (2 mg/kg) plus SB-452533 (2.5 mg/kg) group. C57BL/6 mice were intratracheally injected with 3.5 mg/kg BLM to induce pulmonary fibrosis model. Animals for drugs treatment received daily drug via subcutaneous injection for 21 days. The morphological changes and collagen deposition in lung tissues were analysed by HE staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry. The concentration of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in plasma was determined by ELISA. The mRNA and (or) proteins levels of α-CGRP, β-CGRP, collagen I, collagen III, E-Cadherin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), vimentin, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), TRPV1, p-ERK1/2 and eukaryotic initiation factor 3a (eIF3a) were detected by qPCR and (or) Western blot. Results: Compared with the BLM group, small dose Cap significantly reduced bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice and obviously reversed alveolar epithelial cells epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) (the expression of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)and the expression of α-SMA and Vimentin were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) after drugs treatment for 21 day, concomitantly with the increase the expressions of TRPV1 and CGRP (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and inhibiting ERK1/2 phosphorylation and eIF3a expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01). These effects of small dose Cap were abolished in the presence of TRPV1 receptor antagonist SB-452533. Conclusion: The results suggest that small dose Cap can reverse alveolar epithelial cells EMT and alleviate bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice by inhibiting ERK1/2/eIF3asignaling pathway, which is related to agitating TRPV1 receptor and releasing of CGRP.

Key words: transient receptor potential vanilloid 1, capsaicin, pulmonary fibrosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition

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