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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 529-533.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6007.2020.112

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Effects of estrogen on apoptosis of spiral ganglion cells in cochlea of aged C57BL/6J mice

CHEN Long1,4, YANG Yu-qi1, FENG Zi-yi1, LI Xue-rui1, HAN Zi-wei2, MA Ke-tao1, SI Jun-qiang1, LI Li3△   

  1. 1. Department of Physiology, Shihezi University College Xinjiang, Shihezi 832002;
    2. No. 951 General Hospital of Xinjiang Military Region, Kuerle 841000;
    3. Jiaxing Medical College, Jiaxing 314000;
    4. Unit 69344 of the People's Liberation Army, Aletai 836100, China
  • Received:2020-01-19 Revised:2020-11-16 Online:2020-11-28 Published:2021-03-15

Abstract: Objective: To observe the effects of estrogen on cochlear spiral ganglia cell apoptosis in aged C57BL/6J mice, and to explore the possible mechanism of estrogen's protective effects on senile deafness. Methods: Forty C57BL/6J mice were divided into the following four groups (10 mice/group): 3 m group (3 months old group), 12 m group (12 months old sham operation group); In the 12 m OVX group (ovariectomized at 12 months), bilateral oophorectomy was performed at the age of 9 months and normal feeding was performed until the age of 12 months.The 12m OVX+E2 group (estrogen intervention group) underwent bilateral oophorectomy at 9 months of age. After the one-month washout period, mice in the other groups were treated with estrogen at the dose of 100 μg/(kg·d) by subcutaneous injection, lasting 2 months to 12 months old. Mice in the other groups were fed normally.Blood samples were collected from the tail vein at the end of the treatment in 12 m OVX+E2 group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) was used to determine the serum estrogen levels. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to detect the changes of hearing threshold in each group.Mice were anesthetized with 2% pentobarbital sodium. Bilateral cochlea was extracted after neck amputation and paraffin-embedded sections were performed.Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes in the cochlea spiral ganglion neurons (SGN), and TUNEL staining was used to observe the apoptosis of SGN. The expression levels of Caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2 mRNA of the apoptotic proteins in cochlear spiral ganglion were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (QRT-PCR). Results: Compared with the 3 m group, the hearing threshold of the 12 m group was improved, the loss of spiral ganglion cells was aggravated, and the apoptosis of the cells was increased(P<0.01). After removal of the ovaries, the hearing threshold of the mice in the 12 m OVX group was higher than that in the 12 m control group (P<0.01), and this increased threshold was accompanied by an increased loss of spiral ganglion cells, and increased apoptosis (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the mRNA levels of apoptotic protein Caspase-3 and Bax were increased (P<0.01), while the mRNA level of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was decreased (P<0.01). After exogenous estrogen was given to the 12 m OVX+E2 group, the hearing threshold was lower than that in 12 m OVX group(P<0.01). At the same time, the apoptosis of helical ganglion cells was reduced, the mRNA levels of Caspase-3 and Bax were decreased (P<0.01), and the Bcl-2 mRNA level was increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: Estrogen inhibited apoptosis of cochlear spiral ganglion cells in aged C57BL/6J mice ,thus achieving a protective effect on presbycusis.

Key words: presbycusis, mice, Cochlea spiral ganglion, oestrogen, apoptosis

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