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CJAP ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 385-388.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6061.2021.019

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The regulatory role of autophagy in rats lung ischemia/reperfusion injury

HAO Mao-lin1+, LOU Guo-qiang1+, LIU Xiu-jie1, QIAN Wei2, WANG Jia3, ZHOU Zhuo-lin1, WANG Wan-tie1△   

  1. 1. Institute of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035;
    2. General Medical Department, the First People's Hospital of Hangzhou Lin'an District, Hangzhou 311300;
    3. Library of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310052, China
  • Online:2021-07-28 Published:2021-08-09

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the role of cell autophagy in lung ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Methods: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8): ①Sham operated group (sham group):just open rat chest for 3.5 h; ②Ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R group):after open chest, clamp pulmonary hilus for 0.5h then reperfusion for 3 h; ③Solvent group (DMSO group): intraperitoneal injection of DMSO solution for 1h before operation; ④Autophagic inhibitor group (3-MA group); ⑤Autophagic agonist group (Rap group): intraperitoneal injection of autophagic agonist rapamycin before operation; the rest operations of DMSO, 3-MA and Rap groups are the same as that of I/R group. At the end of the experiment, the rats were killed by euthanasia-killing. The lung tissues were collected and the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) and total lung water content (TLW) of the lung tissues were detected. The lung tissue structure and cell ultramicro morphology were observed by light microscopy and electron microscopy and the injuried alveolar rate(IAR) was calculated. The autophagy-related protein expressions were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the levels of W/D, TLW and IAR were increased, the expressions of autophagy related protein and p-AMPK, Beclin 1, LC3 II were also increased in other four groups, while the protein expressions of p-mTOR and p62 were decreased significantly (P< 0.05 or P<0.01). Under the light microscope, the other groups of lung tissue had edema and exudation in varying degrees, the structure of alveoli was disordered, the ultrastructural damage of cells was aggravated under the electron microscope, and autophagosome could be observed. Compared with DMSO group, the expressions of autophagy related protein, the levels of W/D, TLW and IAR in 3-MA group were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), the edema of lung interstitial was lighter, and less cells were found in alveolar cavity. Ultrastructural damage was also lighter and with less autophagosome. Besides, there was no significant difference among I/R, DMSO and Rap groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Autophagy can be activated during ischemia/reperfusion in rats to induce lung injury.

Key words: autophagy, lung ischemia/reperfusion injury, rats

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