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CJAP ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 454-459.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6120.2021.068

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of simvastatin on pulmonary fibrosis and endothelial - mesenchymal transition in the pulmonary fibrosis tissue of rats

TU Rong-fang△+, HE Zhen-hua+, TAN Xiao-wu, CHEN Zhe, ZENG Sai-li, LIU Sha, JIA Yuan-hang, LI Xue-hua   

  1. The Second Affiliated Hospital, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China
  • Received:2020-07-06 Revised:2021-01-27 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-11-24

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of simvastatin (SIM) on pulmonary fibrosis and the expression of VE-cadherin(VE-cad),vimentin(VIM) and alpha-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA)in the pulmonary fibrosis tissue of rats. Methods: Sixty healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into control group(group A), bleomycin group(group B), 5 mg SIM group (group C) and 10 mg SIM group (group D),15 rats in each group. The model of rat pulmonary fibrosis was established by itraperitoneal injection of bleomycin(5 mg/kg). Since the first day of modeling, the rats of group C and D were treated with simvastatin suspension 5 mg/(kg·d) and 10 mg/(kg·d) by intragastric administration everyday, and the rats of group A and B were treated with equal volume of saline 10 ml/(kg·d) everyday. Five rats of each group were sacrificed randomly at the 7th, 14th and 28th day. Masson staining was used to observe the morphological changes of lung tissue in rats. The degree of fibrosis in lung tissues of each group was evaluated by the content of hydroxyproline (HYP) . The microvessel density (MVD) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry,The expressions of protein and mRNA of VE-cad, VIM and α-SMA were determined by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Results: ①Compared with group A, the levels of HYP and MVD, the mRNA and protein expression levels of VIM and α-SMA in lung tissues of groups B, C and D were increased significantly at the 7th, 14th and 28th day(all P<0.05), which reached highest level at the 28th day. However, the mRNA and protein expression levels of VE-CAD were decreased significantly at the corresponding time (P<0.05), which reached lowest level at 28th day. ②Compared with group B, the levels of HYP and MVD, the mRNA and protein expression levels of VIM and α-SMA in groups C and D were decreased at the 7th, 14th and 28th day (all P<0.05), which were decreased more obviously in group D at the 28th day. However, the mRNA and protein expression levels of VE-CAD were increased at the corresponding time (all P<0.05), which were increased more obviously in group D at the 28th day. Conclusion: Simvastatin can reduce the degree of pulmonary fibrosis in rats through inhibiting the process of EnMT, which can enhance the expression of VE-cad and reduce the expression of VIM and α-SMA.

Key words: pulmonary fibrosis, endothelial-mesenchymal transition, simvastatin, rat

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