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CJAP ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 143-148.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6234.2022.026

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of aerobic exercise on Nrf2/GPX4/Ferroptosis pathway in myocardial injury in high-fat diet mice

WANG Hai-tao1,2, YANG Wen-qian3, LIU Yu-qian1,2△   

  1. 1. Institute of Sports and Health Promotion, Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang 524048;
    2. School of Physical Education and Sports Science,Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang 524048;
    3. School of Physical Education and Sports Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2021-12-10 Revised:2022-03-18 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-08-29

Abstract: Objective: To illuminate the protective effects of pathway in inhibiting ferroptosis by glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) activated by nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) during aerobic exercise against myocardial injury in high-fat diet mice. Methods: Forty 5-week-old SPF C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into the control group (NC), the exercise group (NE), the high fat group (HC) and the high fat diet with exercise group (HE, began at the same time). There were 10 mice in each group. The mice in the high fat diet group were fed with 60% Kcal SPF high fat model diet. Aerobic exercise was performed using increasing load platform exercise, 5 days /week, 60 min/d, the speed started from 13m/min, and increased by 1m/min every two weeks. Myocardium and blood samples were collected after 14 weeks. Structural changes of myocardial tissues were observed by HE staining. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of Nrf2/GPX4/Ferroptosis related proteins in myocardium. Myocardial peroxide concentration and antioxidant enzyme activity were measured by spectrophotometry. Myocardial mitochondrial 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and serum insulin were measured by ELISA. Results: Compared with the NC group, there was more lipid accumulation in the myocardial fiber space in the HC group, and the levels of FBG and FINS were increased significantly, while ISI was decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the HC group, the lipid concentration was decreased in the HE group, and the activities of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and glutathione (GSH) were increased significantly, while the levels of mitochondrial 8-OHdG and myocardial iron content were decreased (P<0.01). The expression levels of Ferroportin1 (FPN1), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), GPX4, glucose transporter (GLUT1) and Nrf2 in the HE group were significantly higher than those in the HC group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The expression of GPX4 was enhanced by more Nrf2 transposition into the nuclear during aerobic exercise, which inhibited the occurrence of myocardial ferroptosis. The activities of antioxidant enzymes were promoted and inhibited the peroxidation damage of myocardial mitochondria.

Key words: glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX 4), aerobic exercise, Ferroptosis, myocardium, mouse

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