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CJAP ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 207-211.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6239.2022.040

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The effects of different exercise modes on Rab5 protein and glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic mellitus rats

GUAN Dong-ru1, FANG Ming1, ZHU Man-zi1, WANG Ke2, CUI Yong3, BAI You-ping1△   

  1. 1. Physical College of Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002;
    2. Qingdao Sports Industry Development Center, Qingdao 266071;
    3. Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241003, China
  • Received:2021-12-10 Revised:2022-05-04 Online:2022-05-28 Published:2022-09-05

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of continuing exercise and load-bearing interval exercise on skeletal muscle tissue cell morphology, Ras-related proteins 5 (Rab5) mRNA and protein expression and glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) rats. Methods: Eight SD rats were selected as controls group (CR), the others SD rats were fed with high fat and high sugar diet for 6 weeks before injecting STZ (35 mg/kg) to construct the T2DM model. Twenty-four T2DM rats were randomly devided into T2DM model group (DRM), continuing exercise group (DCRE) and load-bearing interval exercise group (DWRE), 8 rats in each group. DCRE exercise protocol, that was 15 m/min (10 min), 20 m/min (40 min), 15 m/min (10 min), during the first 1~2 weeks, and 18 m/min (10 min), 25 m/min (40 min), 15 m/min (10 min), during the second 3~8 weeks. DWRE exercise protocol: load weight 15% / 1~2 weeks, 30% / 3~4 weeks, 45% / 5~8 weeks, with 15 m/min (5 min), 12 groups and 3 min rest between groups. After 8 weeks, pathological and morphological changes of skeletal muscle were observed by HE. Rab5 and Glucose transporte 4 (GLUT4) mRNA expressions of skeletal muscle were tested by qRT-PCR. Rab5 protein expression in skeletal muscle was tested by immunofluorescence histochemistry and Western blot, and plasma Rab5 and Glycosylated Hemoglobin (GHb) concentrations were detected by ELISA. Results: Comparison with CR, DRM showed pathological damage of skeletal muscle, the expressions of Rab5 mRNA, protein and GLUT4 mRNA were all decreased in skeletal muscle (P<0.01), the serum levels of Rab5 and GHb were both significantly elevated (P<0.01). Comparison with DRM, both DCRE and DWRE significantly improved pathological damages of skeletal muscle, the expressions of Rab5 mRNA, protein and GLUT4 mRNA were all increased in skeletal muscle (P< 0.05, P<0.01), the serum levels of Rab5 and GHb were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and there was no statistical difference between DCRE and DWRE groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Two exercise modes can improve the pathological injury of skeletal muscle in type 2 diabetic rats, and enhance GLUT4 transport capacity by improving the expression of Rab5 gene and protein in skeletal muscle, and alleviate the imbalance of glucose metabolism homeostasis in skeletal muscle. However, there was no significant difference between the effects of two exercise modes on Rab5 protein and glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle.

Key words: type 2 diabetic mellitus, skeletal muscle, glucose metabolism, Rab5, continuing exercise, load-bearing interval exercise

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