Home  About Journal Instructions for Authors Editorial Board Subscribe Advertisement Messages Board Contact Us 中文

ISSN 1000-6834
CN 12-1339/R
Started in 1985(Bimonthly)
  Office Online
    » Online Submission
    » Manuscript Tracking
    » Peer Review
    » Editor-in-Chief
    » Office Work
  Journal Online
    » Just Accepted
    » Online First
    » Current Issue
    » Archive
    » Most Read
    » Most Download
    » Most Cited
  Download
    » 投稿人登记表
    » 投稿格式模版
    » 著作权转让书
  •     Featured ArticlesMore...   
Current Issue Just Accepted Archive Most Download Most Cited
  28 July 2022, Volume 38 Issue 4 Previous Issue   
For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Protective effects of estrogen modified hBMSC on HG-induced injury of vascular endothelial cells
ZHANG Xiao-dong, SUN Shi-lei, WANG Guan, LI Xiao-ling, YAO Li-jie, XU Hao, ZHANG Peng, SHEN Lei
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 289-294.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6244.2022.054
Abstract   PDF (1492KB)
Objective: To investigate the protective effects and potential mechanisms of estrogen modified human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSC) on high glucose (HG)-induced injury of vascular endothelial cells. Methods: hBMSCs were cultured under 30 mmol/l glucose to establish a high glucose model (HG), and then were divided into four groups as following: HG group (HG control, without any treatment), HG+E2 group (cells were treated with 20 μmol/L estrogen), HG+E2+ Triciribine group (cells were pretreated with 5 μmol/L protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) inhibitor for 45 min, and then modified by 20 μmol/L estrogen), and NG group (cells were cultured under normal conditions). After 12 h treatment, the cell viability of hBMSC was detected by CCK8 assay, and the contents of NO, VEGF and IL8 in the supernatant of cultured medium in each group were detected by nitrate reductase and ELISA assay (n=6). After 48 h, the expression levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and phosphorylated eNOS (p-eNOS) were detected by Western blot (n=3). In addition, the cell supernatant of each group was further extracted as conditioned medium to culture HUVECs, and the cells were subsequently divided into HG-CM group (HUVECs were treated with HG group’s conditioned medium), HG+E2-CM group (HUVECs were treated with HG+E2 group’s conditioned medium), HG+E2+Triciribine-CM group (HUVECs were treated with HG+E2+ Triciribine group’s conditioned medium) and HG-H group (HUVEC were cultured under HG condition, which were treated with final concentration 30 mmol/l glucose). The cell viability of HUVECs in each group was detected by CCK8 assay after 12 h cultured (n=6). After 24 h treatment, the apoptosis rate of HUVECs in each group was detected by flow cytometry (n=3). Furthermore, the migration rate of HUVECs in each group was observed by wound healing assay after 48 h cultured (n=3). Results: Compared with NG group, the cell viability and eNOS protein phosphorylation level of hBMSC in HG group and the contents of NO, VEGF and IL-8 in the supernatant of cultured medium were decreased (P<0.05). Compared with HG group, the cell viability and eNOS protein phosphorylation level in HG+E2 group and the contents of NO, VEGF and IL-8 in cultured medium supernatant were increased significantly (P<0.05), whereas pre-treatment of hBMSC cells with a Akt inhibitor Triciribine, the above indexes showed reverse changes (P<0.05). Furthermore, compared with HG-CM group, the cell viability and migration ability (P<0.05) of HUVECs in HG+E2-CM group were increased significantly (P<0.05), and the proportion of apoptosis was decreased (P<0.05). While compared with HG+E2-CM group, the cell viability and migration ability of HUVECs in HG+E2+Triciribine-CM group were decreased (P<0.05), and the proportion of apoptosis was increased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Estrogen may promote the secretion of NO, VEGF and IL-8 by activating the Akt/eNOS signaling pathway of hBMSC cells, increase the cell viability and migration ability of HUVECs and inhibit the occurrence of apoptosis, play a protective role against the injury of HUVECs induced by HG condition.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of NLRP3/Caspase-1 pathway on Banxia Houpu decoction in the intervention of chronic intermittent hypoxia in mice with renal inflammatory injury
LIU Han, GUO Ya-jing, ZHAO Ya-shuo, LI Ting-ting, JI En-sheng
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 295-299.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6250.2022.055
Abstract   PDF (1536KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of Banxia Houpo decoction on the renal NLRP3/Caspase-1/IL-1β signaling pathway in chronic intermittent hypoxia mice. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups, normal control group (Control), chronic intermittent hypoxia group (CIH), and Banxia Houpo decoction treatment group (BHD), with 10 mice in each group. Mice in the CIH group and BHD group were placed in a hypoxic chamber. The oxygen volume fraction in the cabin was decreased from 21% to 9% in 90 s, and then oxygen was filled in 90 s to gradually increase the oxygen volume fraction in the cabin to 21%, while the mice in the control group were placed in the cabin and filled with normal air, processing 8 hours per day for 21 days. The mice in BHD group were treated with Banxia Houpu decoction by gavage before entering the cabin every day, and the control group and CIH group were given an equal volume of normal saline. After modeling, the changes of renal function indexes in each group were detected; HE and Masson staining were used to observe the pathological conditions of the kidney; Western blot and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the protein expression levels of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), aspartate-specific cysteine protein 1(Caspase-1) and interleukine-1beta(IL-1β). Results: Compared with control group, the contents of serum renal functional indexes UA, BUN and SCr in CIH group were increased significantly (P<0.01), and after BHD treatment, they all were decreased significantly compared with CIH group (P<0.01). Compared with control group, the results of HE staining showed that in the CIH group, glomerular endothelial cells were degenerated and necrotic, and vacuoles of different sizes appeared in renal tubular epithelial cells, and a small amount of renal tubular epithelial cells fell off and died. The pathological condition of the BHD group was improved compared with CIH group, the glomerular morphology gradually returned to normal, and a small amount of renal tubular epithelial cells fell off and died. Compared with control group, Masson staining results showed that there was obvious fibrosis around the glomeruli in the CIH group, the fibrosis was significantly reduced in the BHD group. The expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly compared with control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and immunohistochemical staining showed that NLRP3 was mainly expressed in renal tubular epithelial cells and interstitial macrophages, caspase-1 and IL-1β were mainly found in the cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cells. After BHD treatment, the expression levels of each protein were decreased compared with CIH group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Banxia Houpu decoction can reduce the kidney damage by inhibiting the expression of related molecules in the NLRP3/Casapse-1/IL-1β signaling pathway.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of nutritional preparation on HPO axis function and energy metabolism in uterus and ovary of rats exposed to intermittent cold
JIN Lu, BIAN Xiang-yu, DONG Wei-yun, YANG Ren-ren, WANG Jiu, YANG Dan-feng, GAO Wei-na, GUO Chang-jiang
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 300-303.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6297.2022.056
Abstract   PDF (971KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of a self-designed nutritional preparation on hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis function and energy metabolism in female SD rats exposed to intermittent cold. Methods: Female SD rats were divided into control group, cold exposure group and nutritional preparation group. The control group and cold exposure group were given distilled water by daily gavage, and the nutritional preparation group was given nutritional preparation intragastrically. After the treatment, the cold exposure group and nutritional preparation group were exposed to -10℃ in a cabin for 4 h every day. After being treated for 14 days, the serum, uterus and ovary of rats were collected. The serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and other hormone indicators were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and colorimetry was used to detect ATPase and other energy metabolism related indicators. Results: Compared with the control group, cold exposure significantly up-regulated the protein expressions of FSHR and LHR, and notably enhanced the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase in ovary and uterus (P<0.05). Nutritional preparation down-regulated the protein expressions of FSHR and LHR, and inhibited the activity of ATPase in ovary and uterus (P<0.05) compared with the cold exposure group. Conclusion: Nutritional preparations can effectively improve the expressions of HPO axis related receptors and abnormal energy metabolism in uterus and ovary caused by intermittent cold exposure.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Antifatigue effects of the composition of Moringa oleifera leaves and Polygonatum polysaccharide and its mechanisms
GAO Wei-na, BIAN Xiang-yu, XU Qin-gao, DONG Wei-yun, MA Yu-ying, GUO Chang-jiang
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 308-312.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6307.2022.058
Abstract   PDF (926KB)
Objective: To investigate the anti-fatigue effects of composition of Moringa oleifera leaves and Polygonatum polysaccharide, and to explore the mechanisms. Methods: Thirty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into control (C) and composition of Moringa oleifera leaves and Polygonatum polysaccharide group (MP). There were 15 mice in each group. Group C was given distilled water and the group MP was given composition intragastriclly every day. The volume was 0.5 ml. After 14 days of treatment, weight-bearing swimming experiment was conducted, and exhaustive swimming time was recorded. The bearing weight was 3% of the body weight. In another experiment, 48 male Kunming mice were randomly divided into quiet control group (QC), swimming control group (SC) and composition group (MP). There were 16 mice in each group. The QC and SC groups were given distilled water intragastrically, and the group MP was treated with composition every day for 14 days. The volume was 0.5 ml. On the day 15, 30 minutes after intragastriclly administration of distilled water, blood, liver and hind leg muscle of the QC group were collected immediately. The SC and MP groups were subjected non-weight-bearing swimming experiment, and blood, liver and hind leg muscle were collected after swimming. The fatigue related indexes, oxidant/antioxidant parameters and energy metabolism indicators in serum and tissues were determined by commercial kits. Results: The exhaustive swimming time of mice in MP group was significantly longer than that in the C group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, non-weight-bearing swimming decreased the contents of serum glucose and GSH, the contents of hepatic glycogen and ATP, the hepatic activities of SOD, LDH and ATPase, and muscle activity of GSH-Px (P< 0.05). However, serum levels of BUN and MDA were increased (P<0.05). Compared with the SC group, the composition remarkably increased the contents of serum glucose and hepatic glycogen, increased serum content of GSH, enhanced hepatic activities of SOD, LDH and ATPase and muscle activity of GSH-Px, and increased the hepatic content of ATP (P<0.05). However, the serum level of BUN was decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion: The Moringa oleifera leaves and Polygonatum polysaccharide composition possesses anti-fatigue effects. Anti-oxidant and improving energy metabolism could be the important mechanisms.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of TOFA on growth of Eca109 and KYSE-450 cells in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
GU Cheng-wei, QIAN He, LIU Yu-zhen, ZHAO Bao-sheng
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 317-321.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6236.2022.060
Abstract   PDF (1527KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of 5-tetradecanoxy 2-furanic acid (TOFA) on cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. Methods: Eca-109 cells and KYSE-450 cells were divided into control group (DMSO) and experimental group (TOFA), respectively. The cells (4×103 cells/100 μl) were inoculated into 96-well plates with 5 multiple wells at each concentration. After 24 h culture, cells were treated with DMSO or different concentrations (1, 3, 5, 10 μg/ ml) of TOFA for 24, 48 and 72 h. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT, cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry, the expression levels of p21 and Cleaved caspase-3 and modification levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR and p-4EBP1 were detected by Western blot, and intracellular free fatty acids were detected by special kits. Results: MTT results showed that TOFA inhibited the proliferation of Eca109 and KYSE-450 cells in a concentration and time dependent manner (all P<0.05), with IC50 of 4.65 μg/ml and 3.93 μg/ml for 48 h, respectively. Flow cytometry results showed that compared with DMSO group, the percentage of cells in G2/M phase was increased and the apoptosis rate was increased in the experimental group. Western blotting results showed that compared with DMSO group, p21 and Cleaved caspase-3 protein expression levels were up-regulated, and p-AKT, p-mTOR and p-4EBP1 protein expression levels were down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusion: TOFA inhibits the proliferation, blocks the cycle progression and promotes apoptosis of ESCC, the mechanism may be related to the AKT/mTOR/4EBP1 signaling pathway.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of resveratrol on inhibiting pyroptosis of intestinal cancer cells
REN Cai-pei, ZHANG Yi-nan, WU Ya-li, DU Xin-xin, CUI Xiang-li
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 326-331.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6303.2022.062
Abstract   PDF (2149KB)
Objective: To study the effects of resveratrol (Res) on pyroptosis of colorectal cancer cells . Methods: ①The experiment of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) induced colon cancer (CRC) in mice: 30 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, Azoxymethane (AOM) group, AOM/DSS group, AOM/DSS+Res group and Res group, with 6 mice in each group, the modeling cycle was 70 days in total. Mice in AOM group, AOM/DSS group and AOM/DSS+Res group, at the first day of the first week, were intraperitoneally injected with AOM (10 mg/kg) once, and the ordinary chaw was replaced with high iron feed, and sterile water was given, 1% DSS water was given to AOM/DSS group and AOM/DSS+Res group. The mice in AOM/DSS+Res and Res groups were given resveratrol (50 mg/kg) by oral gavage, When the mold was finished, colon tissue of mice was fixed, embedded and sectionalized. The expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-18 in colon tissues of mice were detected by IHC and Western blot. ②In vitro experiment: HCT 116 cells were given Res (2.4 μg/L) and transfected with miR-31. The Res was divided into 4 groups and labeled with 0 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h respectively. The transfected cells were divided into 5 groups: Control group, miR-31 mimic group, miR-31 mimic + Res group, miR-31 inhibitor group, miR-31 inhibitor + Res group. The protein expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD-N, IL-18 and IL-1β were detected by Western blot. Results: Animal experiments: Compared with control group, the protein expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-18 in AOM/DSS group were increased significantly (P<0.01). The protein expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-18 in AOM/DSS+Res group were significantly lower than those in AOM/DSS group (P<0.01). Cell experiments: Compared with the control group, the protein expressions of NLRP3 (P<0.01), GSDMD-N (P<0.05) and IL-18 (P< 0.01) in miR-31 mimic group were increased significantly. The protein expressions of NLRP3, GSDMD-N and IL-18 in miR-31 inhibitor group were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Res inhibited the pyroptosis of colorectal cancer cells through pyroptosis.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Overexpression of miRNA-130a-3p alleviates LPS-induced cardiomyocyte injury by regulating autophagy and apoptosis
MIAO Ying-ying, YUAN Huan-huan, HUANG Min-jie, FU Sheng-qi
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 335-340.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6265.2022.064
Abstract   PDF (1040KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of miRNA-130a-3p on autophagy and apoptosis induced by LPS in myocardial cells and its molecular mechanisms. Methods: H9C2 cells were divided into five groups: normal control group, LPS model group, miRNA negative control group miRNA-130a-3p mimics group(overexpression of miRNA-130a-3p) and miRNA-130a-3p mimics + LY294002 group(overexpression of miRNA-130a-3p + PI3K inhibitor). The LPS model group was induced by LPS at a final concentration of 10 μg/ml for 24 h. In the miRNA negative control group and miRNA-130a-3p mimics group, negative contro miRNA or miRNA-130a-3p mimics were transfected into H9C2 cells by lipo3000. After 24 h of culture, LPS was added into the medium for 24 hours. In the miRNA -130A-3P mimics + LY294002 group, miRNA -130A-3P mimics was transfected into H9C2 cells by using lipo3000, and LY294002 at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added to the culture medium for 24 h, followed by LPS at a concentration of 10 μg/ml for 24 h. The expression of miRNA-130a-3p mRNA in cells was detected by RT-qPCR. The CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell viability. The contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were detected by ELISA assay. The contents of SOD and LDH in cell culture medium were detected by colorimetry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved-caspase-3, LC3 and p62. Results: The results showed that the levels of miRNA-130a-3p mRNA, p-PI3K protein and p-AKT protein in LPS model cells were significantly lower than those in normal control group(P<0.01), and the expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT protein in miRNA-130a-3p mimics group were increased significantly compared with LPS group(P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared with normal control group, the cell viability was decreased significantly and the contents of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and LDH were increased significantly(P<0.01), the contents of SOD was decreased significantly in LPS group(P<0.01). The protein expression levels of Bax, cleaved-caspase-3 and p62 were increased significantly, while the expression level of Bcl-2 and LC3II/I ratio were decreased significantly in LPS group(P<0.01). miRNA-130a-3p mimics could increase the cell viability, decrease the contents of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and LDH(P<0.01,P<0.05), increase the contents of SOD(P<0.05), decrease the expressions of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, p62(P<0.01), promote the expression of Bcl-2(P<0.01) and increase the ratio of LC3II/I(P<0.05). Compared with miRNA-130a-3p mimics group, LY294002 reversed the effects of miRNA-130a-3p mimics on cells. Conclusion: Overexpression miRNA-130a-3p could partly promote autophagy and inhibit cell apoptosis by activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to alleviate LPS-induced myocardial injury.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of different swimming exercises on alcoholic fatty liver formation in mice
CHEN Rui, CHEN Wei, CHEN Yi-lin, CHEN Jia-qin
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 341-347.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6284.2022.065
Abstract   PDF (1489KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of 7-week swimming exercise with different loads on the improvement of liver lipid metabolism in mice with alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and its relationship with the regulation of miR-34a/PPARα. Methods: Fifty male KM mice were randomly divided into control group (K, n=10) and alcoholic fatty liver group (AFLD, n=40). The AFLD model was constructed after feeding with 50% alcohol for 7 weeks with 1 d rest per week. After successful model construction, the mice were divided into a model group (M), a 30-min swimming exercise group (LE), a 60-min swimming exercise group (ME), and a 90-min loaded swimming exercise group (HE, 5% of body mass as tail lead load), with 10 mice in each group, for a total of 7 weeks of intervention. After completion, the serum and liver tissues were collected, the liver index, visceral fat ratio, hepatocyte injury indicators, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and high/low density lipoprotein cholesterol (H/LDL-C) content were measured; HE staining was used to observe the changes in liver structure, Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of PPARα, FAS and TNF-α in liver tissues, and mRNA expression profiles were analyzed by sequencing After RT-PCR, the mRNA expressions of miR-34a, PPARα, FAS, TNF-α and CPT-1 were verified. Results: Compared with K group, the hepatic cord disorder, focal lipid vacuum, obvious lipid droplet vacuolation, abnormal ectopic nucleus were observed in AFLD group ; liver function was decreased significantly. Compared with the M group, the liver functions of the ME and HE groups were improved significantly, the serum levels of TG, TC and LDL-C were decreased, while the HDL-C level was increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the liver index and visceral fat ratio were decreased (P< 0.01 or P<0.05), the focal lipid droplet degeneration of hepatocytes was decreased, and the structure of the hepatic cord was clearer; and the ME group showed a more significant intervention effect. Compared with the M group, the expression levels of PPARα protein in the liver tissues of the LE, ME, and HE groups were increased, while the protein expression levels of FAS and TNF-α were decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Based on Illumina high-throughput sequencing and mRNA differential expression analysis, there are 38 differentially expressed genes in the PPARα pathway, including 9 up-regulated genes and 29 down-regulated genes, which are involved in liver fatty acid oxidation, lipid metabolism, and apoptosis inhibition. Compared with group M, the gene levels of miR-34a, FAS, and TNF-α in LE, ME, and HE groups were decreased, and the gene levels of PPARα and CPT-1 were increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion: Swimming with different loads can improve liver functions in AFLD mice, promote lipid droplet degradation, and regulate liver lipid metabolism. The mechanism may be related to the activation of miR-34a/PPARα, and the intervention effect of moderate-load swimming is better.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Role of Cav1.2 in cisplatin induced apoptosis of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons in C57BL/6J mice
MA Jing-wen, WANG Yan-ping, WANG Min, HUANG Tian-lan, SHI Tian-feng, YU Miao, SI Jun-qiang, LI Li
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 348-355.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6272.2022.066
Abstract   PDF (2920KB)
Objective: To investigate the role of Cav1.2 and its possible mechanism in the apoptosis of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons(SGNs) induced by cisplatin (CDDP) in C57BL/6J mice. Methods: Animal experiment: 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into the following two groups (10 mice/group) : normal saline group (Control group) and Cisplatin group (Cisplatin group). The Control group received daily intraperitoneal injections of normal saline, Cisplatin group was injected with cisplatin intraperitoneally at a dose of 3 mg/kg at the first 4 days of each cycle, and normal saline was injected daily at the last 10 days,repeat for 3 cycles. After administration, auditory threshold was detected by auditory brainstem response (ABR). Blood samples were collected from inner canthus of mice, and cochlea was cut off from neck. SOD and MDA kits were used to detect SOD activity and MDA content in serum and cochlea tissues. The expressions of apoptosis proteins in cochlear tissues were detected by Western blot. Morphological changes of spiral ganglion in mouse cochlea were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. TUNEL staining was used to observe the apoptosis of SGNs in cochlea of mice. The distribution and expression of Cav1.2 in SGNs of cochlea were observed by immunofluorescence. Cell experiment: Primary cultured SGNs were randomly divided into: control group (Control), solvent group (DMSO), Cav1.2 blocker group (N), cisplatin group, cisplatin and Cav1.2 blocker co-incubation group (Cisplatin+N). 5 μmol/L cisplatin was selected to treat SGNs based on the results of CCK8. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Cav1.2.and apoptotic proteins. Hoechst33342 staining was used to observe the apoptosis of each group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of each group. Mitochondrial superoxide indicator (MitoSOXTM-Red) was used to detect the ROS release of mitochondria. Results: Animal experiments: Compared to the Control group, the hearing threshold was increased in Cisplatin group (P<0.01), the content of MDA in serum and cochlea tissues, apoptosis protein Cleaved caspase-3, Bax protein level, TUNEL positive rate, Cav1.2 protein expression level were increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01); the activity of SOD in serum and cochlear tissue, anti-apoptotic protein bcl-2 protein level and SGCs density in cochlear tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Cell tests: Compared with the Control group, the expression of Cav1.2, apoptosis rate, Cleaved caspase-3, Bax protein level, intracellular calcium ion concentration, and ROS release were increased significantly only in Cisplatin group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The levels of bcl-2 protein and mitochondrial membrane potential were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Cav1.2 blockers could partially reverse the above changes (P<0.05). Conclusion: Cisplatin may increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration through up-regulation of Cav1.2, and then damage mitochondria, causing oxidative stress injury of SGNs and inducing neuronal apoptosis.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Effects of different types of exercise on contractile properties and expressions of MuRF1, PGC-1α /FNDC5 in soleus muscle of unloaded rats
HU Shi-liang, YANG Wen-chao, ZUO Lu-yu, JIANG Qiang, ZHANG Shu-ling, SUN Jun-zhi
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 356-360.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6273.2022.067
Abstract   PDF (1308KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of aerobic versus resistance exercise on soleus muscle contractile properties and the expressions of MuRF1, PGC-1α and FNDC5 in amyotrophic rats after unloading, and the possible molecular biological mechanisms. Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into recovery group (CT), aerobic exercise group (A), resistance exercise group (R) and control group (C), with 6 rats in each group. The control group did not receive any treatment. The other three groups underwent tail suspension for 2 weeks, and then the recovery group recovered quietly. The aerobic group and the resistance group underwent a 2-week exercise intervention. Exercise plan: the aerobic group rats were treated with treadmill speed corresponding to 65% maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), 60 min/d, 5 d/w; the rats in the resistance group were allowed to climb the ladder with 65% of the maximum voluntary weight-bearing (MVCC) for 3 times, with a total of 5 sets. Each time had a rest of 1 min, with an interval of 2 min among sets, and 5 d/w. Fasting for 24 hours after the last exercise, the soleus muscle samples were collected to observe the histological changes, test the contractility, and detect MuRF1 and PGC-1α and FNDC5 expressions. Results: compared with the control group, the body weight, soleus muscle wet weight, average cross-sectional area of muscle fibers and muscle contractility of the recovery group were decreased significantly(P<0.01), and the expression of MuRF1 was increased significantly(P<0.01). Compared with the recovery group, the body weight, wet weight of soleus muscle, the average cross-sectional area of muscle fiber and muscle contractility of rats in aerobic group and resistance group were increased (P<0.01), the expression of PGC-1α/FNDC5 was increased (P<0.01) and the expression of MuRF1 was decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the aerobic group, the expression of PGC-1α in soleus muscle of rats in the resistance group was increased (P<0.05), while the expression of MuRF1 was decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Aerobic and resistance exercise can significantly improve muscle contractility, upregulate the expression of PGC-1α/FNDC5, and inhibit the expression of MuRF1, indicating that the molecular mechanisms of aerobic and resistance exercise to improve unloaded muscular atrophy may be related to PGC-1α and MuRF1.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
The role of miR-135b-5p in inhibiting mice acute lung injury (ALI) induced by sepsis and its mechanism
ZANG Bin-bin, LI Hua, YANG Ying, XIE Hang, XU Xiao-ting
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 366-372.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6263.2022.069
Abstract   PDF (2001KB)
Objective: To investigate the expression status of miR-135b-5p in the sepsis induced acute lung injury (ALI) mice and its effects on inflammatory responses and cell pyroptosis in mice pulmonary tissues. Methods: The cecal ligation puncture (CLP) method was employed to construct sepsis-induced ALI mice models. The C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups with 8 mice in each group. The sepsis mouse models were constructed by performing CLP surgery: mice were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection of 0.1 mg/kg barbital, the abdomen was cut longitudinally to expose the cecum, the cecum was ligated and perforated with syringe needle, the wound was sutured after extruding part of the intestinal contents. The sham operation group (Sham group) did not undergo any treatment and suture wounds after laparotomy, and no CLP operation was performed. The treatment groups were divided into CLP+NC mimic group, CLP+ miR-135b-5p mimic group, CLP+NC mimic+ Empty vector group, CLP+GSDMD group, and CLP+ miR-135b-5p mimic+GSDMD group. One week before CLP surgery, mice in the treatment group were injected subcutaneously with 200 μ L NC mimic (200 nmol/L), miR-135b-5p mimic (200 nmol/L), Empty vector (100 nmol/L), GSDMD Vector (100 nmol/L), and miR-135b-5p mimic (200 nmol/L), once a day for a week. The euthanasia was performed 24 h after operation by carbon dioxide asphyxiation. The qRT-PCR was utilized to determine miR-135b-5p and GSDMD expressions;HE staing assay was performed to observe the pathological changes of pulmonary tissues. The mice right lung tissues were flushed with 5 ml saline for 3 times, and each flush lasted for 3~5 min to collect the BALF, and the levels of GSDMD, IL-1β and IL-18 in BALF were determined by ELISA. The protein levels of NLRP3, caspase 1 and cleaved GSDMD in mice lung tissues were examined by immunoblotting analysis; Dual-luciferase reporter gene system assay was employed to validate the targeting relationship of miR-135b-5p and GSDMD. Results: Compared with the control group mice, there were a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, alveolar damage, interstitial edema and alveolar collapse in the lung tissues of the CLP group mice (P<0.01), and the expression levels of the pyroptosis-associated proteins (NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD) were all increased, while miR-135b-5p was down-regulated in the CLP group (P<0.01). Further experiments confirmed that overexpression of miR-135b-5p significantly reduced CLP-induced pyroptotic cell death in mice lung tissues (P<0.01), and dual-luciferase reporter gene system assay confirmed that miR-135b-5p targeted GSDMD for its degradation. Moreover, the rescuing experiments validated that up-regulation of GSDMD abrogated the inhibition effects of miR-135b-5p overexpression on cell pyroptosis in CLP mice lung tissues (P<0.01). Consistently, we verified that miR-135b-5p also suppressed the expression levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in mice BALF via degrading GSDMD (P<0.05). Conclusion: Overexpression of miR-135b-5p attenuated sepsis-induced ALI by inhibiting GSDMD-mediated pyroptotic cell death, and this study provided potential therapeutic target and theoretical foundation for sepsis-induced ALI treatment.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
The effects of vagus nerve stimulation on hippocampal neuro-inflammatory and α7nAChR expression in rats with intractable epilepsy
LI Yong-ge, ZHOU Shu, YAO Yin-le, WEI Xiao-ming, ZHANG Shi-feng
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 373-378.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6274.2022.070
Abstract   PDF (1297KB)
Objective: To investigate the effects of vagus nerve stimulation(VNS) on hippocampal neuro-inflammatory and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) expression in rats with intractable epilepsy (IE). Methods: Eighty adult male SD rats (SPF) were randomly divided into control group, model group, VNS group and MLA+VNS group. There were respectively 20 rats in the control group and MLA+VNS group, and because of model failure and animal death, 15 rats and 14 rats in the model group and VNS group were left respectively . Except the control group, the IE model was established in other groups. Only the vagus nerve was isolated in the control group without electrical stimulation; the model group did not take any intervention measures; the VNS group was treated for 4 weeks with VNS after the model was successful; the MLA(3.4 μg/μl, 5 μl) was given to the lateral ventricle in the MLA+VNS group, and then VNS for 4 weeks. Seizure frequency and duration in each group were observed and recorded. And then the rats were decapitated, the hippocampus were quickly separated and 10% tissue homogenate was prepared. The homogenate was centrifuged and the supernatant was extracted. The activities of AChE and ChAT in the supernatant were measured by spectrophotometry, and the levels of TNF-ɑ, IL-6 and IL-1β were detected by ELISA. The expression of α7nAChR in rat hippocampals was detected by Western blot. The expression of α7nAChR on microglias in rat hippocampals was assesed by double-labeled immunofluorescence. Results: ①After VNS for 4 weeks, the frequency and duration of seizures in rats were decreased significantly, which were lower than those of the model group (P<0.01); After treated with MLA +VNS, the frequency and duration of seizures in rats were also reduced significantly, which were lower than those of the model group, but higher than those of the VNS group (P<0.01).②Compared with the control group, the expression of ChAT in the hippocampus of rats in the model group was decreased significantly and the expression of AChE was increased significantly (P<0.01); Compared with the model group, the expressions of ChAT in the hippocampus of rats in the VNS group and MLA+VNS group were increased significantly and the expressions of AChE were decreased significantly (P<0.01); Compared with the VNS group, in the hippocampus of rats in the MLA+VNS group, the expressions of ChAT and AChE had no significant changes (P>0.05). ③Compared with the control group, the expressions of TNF-ɑ, IL-6 and IL-1β in the hippocampus of rats in the model group were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expressions of TNF-ɑ, IL-6 and IL-1β in the hippocampus of rats in the VNS group were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the VNS group, the expressions of TNF-ɑ, IL-6 and IL-1β in the hippocampus of rats in the MLA+VNS group were increased significantly(P<0.01). ④Compared with the control group, the expression of α7nAChR in hippocampus and microglia of rats in the model group was decreased significantly(P<0.01); Compared with the model group, the expression of α7nAChR in hippocampus and microglia of rats in the VNS group was up-regulated significantly (P<0.01); Compared with the VNS group, coexpression of α7nAChR on microglia wasreduced significantly in the MLA+VNS group (P<0.01). Conclusion: VNS has obvious therapeutic effect on IE rats, and its mechanism may be related to activating hippocampal microglia cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway directly and inhibiting hippocampal neuro-inflammatory response.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
TECHNICAL NOTES
Isolation, culture and inflammatory characteristics of astrocytes in aged rats nervous tissue
YUE Xia-ya, ZHAO Xin, ZHANG Yu-tong, HAO Na, GUO Xia, ZHANG Yu
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 379-384.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6275.2022.071
Abstract   PDF (1127KB)
Objective: To establish an optimized method for the isolation and purification of astrocytes from the neural tissues of young and aged rats. Then, the morphological and functional differences of astrocytes between young and aged rats were compared to explore the functional changes of astrocytes after aging and its possible mechanism in the aging process. Methods: Young (2 months old) and aged (20 months old) SD rats were used. Astrocytes in brain and spinal cord tissue were purified by 50% - 35% percoll density gradient centrifugation. Each group of cells was set up with three duplicate wells. After 72 h of culture, Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) which was astrocyte specific marker were detected by immunofluorescence to evaluate the morphological characteristics. Cell senescence markers (p16 and p21) and β- Galactosidase were detected by qPCR and staining respectively. The expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines were detected by qPCR. Results: Using 50%-35% percoll gradient separation, astrocytes were obtained with large number, good activity and purity of more than 95%, which could be used in subsequent experiments. Compared with the astrocytes in the nerve tissue of young rats, the astrocytes in the nervous tissue of the aged rats had fewer protrusions and tended to be activated in cell morphology; the positive rate of β -galactosidase staining was increased significantly and the expressions of p16 and p21 were increased (P<0.01). The expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α) were increased (P<0.05), and the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) was decreased (P<0.05) in astrocytes of the aged rats nervous tissue. Conclusion: The percoll gradient of 50% - 35% could be used as a method for separation, purification and primary culture of astrocytes. With the increase of age, astrocytes undergo cellular senescence, showing a pro-inflammatory phenotype, promoting inflammaging of the nervous system, which may be one of the mechanisms of nervous system aging and neurodegenerative diseases.
References | Related Articles | Metrics
BRIEF REPORTS
Effects of SIK2 on mitochondrial energy metabolism in rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and its mechanisms
XU Le, ZHANG Xia, WU Chao, LIU Xiu-xiu, WU Jing-yi, XIA Hu-bin
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 304-307.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6302.2022.057
Abstract   PDF (1547KB)
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Intervention effects of sodium selenite on DLBCL cell SU-DHL-4 and its mechanism
MENG Xi, ZHANG Jin, CHEN Kui-fei, CHEN Hong, YANG Lin-jun, CHEN Jia-yu
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 313-316.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6231.2022.059
Abstract   PDF (1227KB)
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Silencing the MRP1 gene using CRISPRi technology to enhance the sensitivity of A549/DDP cells to cisplatin
MENG Ling-xue, SUN Xin-di, ZHANG Wei-wei, GUO Xu, SHEN Yang, SHAO Shu-li
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 322-325.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6257.2022.061
Abstract   PDF (1152KB)
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Preparation of high titer serum antibody against SDMA Complete
HUO Ya-peng, WANG Ke, XIAO Zhong-hai, WANG Yong-hui, LI Xiao-li, NING Bao-an
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 332-334.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6288.2022.063
Abstract   PDF (1426KB)
References | Related Articles | Metrics
Comparison of HR and HRV changes after different distances of shuttle runs in preschool children
REN Hai-long, ZHANG Lu-lu, LIANG Jian, WANG Chao, CHI Ai-ping
CJAP. 2022, 38 (4): 361-365.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.6245.2022.068
Abstract   PDF (1177KB)
References | Related Articles | Metrics

Please wait a minute...
2022
Vol.38
No.3 
2022-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2022-03-28
pp.97-192
No.1
2022-01-28
pp.1-96
2021
Vol.37
No.6 
2021-11-28
pp.577-704
No.5
2021-09-28
pp.449-576
No.4
2021-07-28
pp.337-448
No.3
2021-05-28
pp.225-336
No.2
2021-03-28
pp.113-224
No.1
2021-01-28
pp.1-112
2020
Vol.36
No.6 
2020-11-28
pp.529-672
No.5
2020-09-28
pp.385-528
No.4
2020-07-28
pp.289-384
No.3
2020-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2020-03-28
pp.101-192
No.1
2020-01-28
pp.1-96
2019
Vol.35
No.6 
2019-11-28
pp.481-576
No.5
2019-09-28
pp.385-480
No.4
2019-07-28
pp.289-384
No.3
2019-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2019-03-28
pp.101-192
No.1
2019-01-28
pp.1-96
2018
Vol.34
No.6 
2018-11-28
pp.481-576
No.5
2018-09-28
pp.385-480
No.4
2018-07-28
pp.289-384
No.3
2018-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2018-03-28
pp.97-192
No.1
2018-01-28
pp.1-96
2017
Vol.33
No.6 
2017-11-28
pp.481-576
No.5
2017-09-28
pp.385-480
No.4
2017-07-28
pp.289-384
No.3
2017-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2017-03-28
pp.97-192
No.1
2017-01-28
pp.1-96
2016
Vol.32
No.6 
2016-11-28
pp.481-576
No.5
2016-09-28
pp.385-480
No.4
2016-07-28
pp.289-384
No.3
2016-05-28
pp.193-288
No.2
2016-03-28
pp.97-192
No.1
2016-01-28
pp.1-96
2015
Vol.31
No.4 
2015-07-28
pp.289-384


» Effects of resveratrol on ulcerative colitis in mice and its mechanism
  LIU Xin, WU Ya-li, LIU Kai-li, CUI Xiang-li, DU Xin-xin, ZHANG Wen-qin
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (5): 447-453
»
 
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (4): 363-366
» Improvement of hydrogen on liver oxidative stress injury in chronic intermittent hypoxia rats
  YANG Sheng-chang, CHEN Ling-ling, FU Tian, LI Wen-ya, JI En-sheng
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (1): 61-64
» Selection of modeling time for type 2 diabetes mellitus mouse
  YANG Zhang-liang, TONG Hai-ling, SUN Meng-die, YUAN Jie, HU Ying, WANG Xu-tao, QI Min-you
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (2): 155-159
» Effects of nitidine chloride on ulcerative colitis in mice and its mechanism
  WU Ya-li, LIU Xin, LIU Kai-li, CUI Xiang-li, WANG Chun-fang
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (6): 525-529
» Reproduction,genotype identification and evaluation of APP/PS1 transgenic mice
  TAN Long, LI Hai-qiang, LI Yi-bo, LIU Wei, PANG Wei, JIANG Yu-gang
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (2): 111-114
» Prognosis-related miRNA bioinformatics screening of lung adenocarcinoma and its clinical significance
  ZHANG Hao-min, YANG Bo, CHEN Hong-fei, CHI Xiao-hua, XI Yi-bo, CHEN Xi-meng, GUO Bin, HE Pei-feng, LU Xue-chun
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (6): 530-535
» Effects of Radix Hedysari, Radix Astragalus and compatibility of Angelica Sinensis on blood deficiency model mice induced by cyclophosphamide
  YANG Xiu-juan, YANG Zhi-jun, LI Shuo, JI Xiu-jia, Ning Yan-mei, WANG Yan
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (6): 550-554
» Changes of apoE protein expression in lung of mice with hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension
  LIU Ling-yan, HUANG Tian-peng, HAO Jia-le, CHEN Ran, FAN Xiao-fang, GONG Yong-sheng, MAO Sun-zhong
  CJAP. 2018 Vol. 34 (6): 492-495
» Bioinformatics analysis of genes related to poor prognosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma and its clinical significance
  XI Yi-bo, ZHANG Hao-min, YANG Bo, CHEN Xi-meng, HE Pei-feng, LU Xue-chun
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (1): 90-96
» Effects of Notch signal on the expressions of HIF-α and autophagy- related genes Beclin1, LC3I, LC3II in oxygen-glucose deprivation induced myocardial cell injury
  KONG Ling-yu , XI Zan , MA Wen-ting , YANG Fei-yun , NIU Li-dan , SHI Jin-he
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (2): 165-168
» Dihydromyricetin ameliorates chronic social defeat stress induced cognitive and affective disorder in mice
  WANG Le, LI Bi-rong, XIAO Zhi-yong, ZHAO Jin-long, YU Xu-dong
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (6): 496-500
» Effects of puerarin on rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus
  YANG Fei, DONG Xin-xin, GUO Yun
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (4): 355-358
» Effects of endurance exercise on synaptic plasticity in cerebral cortex of aged rats and related regulatory mechanism
  LIU Wen-feng, LIU Shao-peng, FU Rang, WANG Zhi-yuan, KUANG He-yu, XIA Yan, TANG Chang-fa
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (4): 339-345
» Effects of Ringer’s solution with different concentrations of alcohol on biphasic compound action potentials of frog sciatic nerve trunk
  HUANG Zhi-hua, WEI Pei-jian, JIANG Ling, CHEN Sui, CHENG Bi-hong, LIN Ying, WU Lin-geng, XU Qiu-xiong, WU Shao-wei, WANG Hai-yan, SHEN Jian-xin
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (3): 232-238
» Effects of metformin on depressive behavior in chronic stress rats
  LI Gai-fen, ZHAO Ming, ZHAO Tong, CHENG Xiang, FAN Ming, ZHU Ling-ling
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (3): 245-249
»
 
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (3): 279-282
» Effects of mice macrophages on skeletal muscle cells under high glucose treatment
  LUO Wei, AI Lei, WANG Bo-fa, WANG Li-ying, GAN Yan-ming, ZHOU Yue
  CJAP. 2020 Vol. 36 (2): 124-129
» Exogenous spermine alleviates myocardial injury induced by hyperglycemia by inhibiting golgi stress
  FAN Yu-qi, WANG Yue-hong, SHAO Yi-ying, SHAO Xiao-ting, HU Jing, XU Chang-qing, WEI Can
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (5): 385-389
» Effects of curcumin on liver fibrosis induced by cholestasis in mice
  WU Chen, QIU Yu-bao, SUN Xue-qian, CHEN Dan, WU Ya-xian, PANG Qing-feng
  CJAP. 2019 Vol. 35 (5): 468-472

  News More  
» 网站开通试运营欢迎访问!
  2019-03-15

Sponsor
Chinese Association for Physiological Sciences Academy of Military Medical Sciences Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine
Associate Sponsor
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences
Editor in Chief
WANG Hai
Edited and Published by
Editorial Board,Chinese Journal of Applide Physiology;Dali Dao,Tinanjin 300050,China



  Links More  






  Advertisement More  
Copyright © 2015 CJAP, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by Beijing Magtech Co. Ltd