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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 88-92.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5507.2018.022

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Effects and mechanism of hypoxia exposure on related genes in brown fat tissue of obese mice based on mRNA expression profile microarray

GONG Li-jing1, FU Peng-yu2, ZHU Rong-xin2, WANG Lei1, HU Yang1   

  1. 1. Chinese Academy of Sports and Health, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. Sport Science College, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2016-10-10 Revised:2017-06-23 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:

Abstract: Objective: This study intended to screen differentially expressed genes and pathways in Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT) of obese mice after the intervention of hypoxia by mRNA expression profile microarray, exploring the mechanism of hypoxia activated BAT.Methods: Thirty C57BL/6J male mice were divided into the normal diet control group (N, n=8), high-fat diet control group (OB, n=8) and high-fat diet hypoxia group (H, n=8). Group H was intervened by hypoxia exposure in the oxygen concentration of 11.2% of the normal oxygen and hypoxia for 8 h/d, 6 d/w of 4 weeks. Blood lipid and blood glucose were detected after intervention; RNA microarray scan and bioinformation analysis were done of BAT from scapula. Genes significantly (P ≤ 0.05) regulated more than 1.5 fold were chosen to do Gene Ontology and enrichment analysis by KOBAS 2.0, and confirmation of genes participating in key biological process (BP) and pathway was done by real time qPCR.Results: After intervention, the body weight and blood lipid and glucose levels in group H were significantly lower than those of group OB. Comparing with group N, 802 genes were significantly up-regulated and 1 175genes were down-regulated. The BP of these genes mainly concerned with glucose and lipid metabolic process and inflammatory reaction. Comparing with group OB, 297 genes were significantly up-regulated and 228 genes were down-regulated. These genes participated in glucose and lipid metabolic process, lipid transport, muscle system process and cardiovascular system development. The pathways of regulating BAT by hypoxia exposure mainly concentrated on the HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, FoxO and ErbB signaling pathways.Conclusion: A series of genes and pathways in BAT could be adjusted by hypoxia exposure, so that hypoxia could improve the activity of BAT, promoting obese organism to lose weight.

Key words: gene expression profiling, brown adipose tissue, hypoxia, obesity, mice

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