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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 169-172.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5759.2019.037

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The intervention of ginkgo biloba extract on monocrotaline-induced right ventricular hypertrophy in rats and its mechanism

CHEN Hui-qin1, CAI Ke-feng2△   

  1. 1. Department of Basic Medical, Quanzhou Medical College, Quanzhou 362000;
    2. Department of Cardiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou 362000, China
  • Online:2019-03-28 Published:2019-06-27

Abstract: Objective: To study the protective effects of ginkgo biloba extract on the right ventricular hypertrophy. Methods: Seventy-two SD male rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group(CON), monocrotaline-induced right ventricular hypertrophy group (MCT) and ginkgo biloba extract treated group (EGB) (n=24 in each group). Group MCT and group EGB were intraperitoneally injected with 2%MCT at the dose of 60 mg /kg on the first day. From the second day, group MCT was injected with 2 ml 0.9% sodium chloride, and 60 mg/kg ginkgo leaf extract was administered to the stomach in group EGB. The control group was injected with 2 ml 0.9% sodium chloride on the first day. After 3 weeks, in each group,cardiac hemodynamic changes were measured, heart weight index was calculated, and myocardial pathological changes were observed by HE staining. The expression of TRPC6 was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time -PCR) and Western blot. Results: Compared with the control group, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was increased significantly in the MCT group(P<0.01), the maximum or decline rate of descent (RV±dp/dtmax) of the right ventricle pressure was increased significantly(P<0.01), while the EGB group had the same trend as all the indexes in the group MCT, but the amplitude of all indicators in group EGB were decreased significantly than those of group MCT(P<0.01), and the right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVMI) in group EGB was significantly lower than that in group MCT(P<0.01).Group MCT showed typical myocardial hypertrophy performance by HE staining, and the right ventricular myocytes in group EGB were significantly improved than that in group MCT, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRPC6 in the right ventricle of group MCT and group EGB were increased(P<0.01), while the EGB group was significantly lower than that of the MCT group(P<0.01). Conclusion: Ginkgo biloba extract may inhibit the signal pathway of CaN / NFAT in cardiac myocytes by reducing the expression of TRPC6 protein, and then play an early protective effect on myocardial hypertrophy.

Key words: ginkgo biloba extract, rat, monocrotaline, transient receptor potential channels, cardiac hypertrophy

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