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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 207-210.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5973.2020.046

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of exogenous spermine pretreatment on alleviating renal fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy mice and its related mechanism

SHAO Xiao-ting1, HU Jing1, ZHANG Xin-ying1, ZHAO Bing-bing1, LI Si-wei1, GAO Ping2, XU Chang-qing1, WEI Can1△   

  1. 1. Department of Pathophysiology,
    2. Affiliated Second Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China
  • Received:2019-11-18 Revised:2020-03-25 Published:2020-09-25

Abstract: Objective: To observe the protective effects of exogenous spermine on renal fibrosis induced by diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to explore its mechanism.Methods: Twenty-four male C57 mice were randomly divided into control group, type 1 diabetes group (TID) and spermine pretreatment group (TID+Sp, n=8 in each group). TID mice were induced by STZ (60 mg/kg), and TID+Sp mice were pretreated with spermine (5 mg/(kg·d)) for 2 weeks before STZ injection. The mice were killed at the 12th week. The renal function was determined by serum creatinine and urea nitrogen. HE, PAS and Masson staining were used to evaluate renal tissue injury and fibrosis. The expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2, MMP-9) and collagen IV (Coll-IV) in the kidney of mice were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the control group, the blood glucose (5.67±0.22 vs 28.40±0.57 mmol/L), creatinine (14.33±1.22 vs 30.67±4.73 μmol/L) and urea nitrogen (6.93±4.94 vs 22.00±1.04 mmol/L) in the T1D group were increased significantly (P<0.05), the glomerular basement membrane was thickened, the collagen was significantly increased, the expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and Coll-IV protein were increased (0.57±0.07 vs 1.06±0.20, 47.00±0.04 vs 1.29±0.09 and 0.42±0.16 vs 0.95±0.18,P<0.05). Exogenous spermine significantly alleviates the above-mentioned changes. Conclusion: Exogenous spermine pretreatment could significantly alleviate renal fibrosis in diabetic mice by regulating the balance between MMPs and collagen.

Key words: diabetic nephropathy, renal fibrosis, spermine, MMPs, collagen, mice

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