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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 350-354.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5634.2018.080

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Effect of lower-limb dominance and non-dominance shuttle runs under load carriage on the balance responses in young cadets

MA Ji-zheng1, WANG Zeng-gang1, HU Fei2, ZHAO Yan2, YE Qiang2, HUANG Qiang-nian1, XU Sheng-jia1   

  1. 1. The Research Center of Military Physical Training, the Army Engineering University of PLA, Nanjing 211101;
    2. Department of Exercise and Health, Nanjing Sport Institute, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2017-10-09 Revised:2018-01-30 Online:2018-07-28 Published:2019-02-21
  • Supported by:
    解放军理工大学预先研究基金(KYJYZLXY1602-35);全军军事类研究生资助课题(2016JY374)

Abstract: Objective: This test was designed to evaluate the effect of lower-limb dominance and non-dominance shuttle runs under load carriage during different exercise load at the same exercise intensity on the balance responses. Methods: Ten healthy young males were joined in this experiment, they were (20.80±2.04) years old and (173.99±2.87) cm tall. In a randomized cross-over design, they performed four times shuttle runs under unilateral load carriage:20 m×5 at dominant side, 20 m×5 at non-dominant side, 20 m×10 at dominant side, 20 m×10 at non-dominant side respectively. Balance abilities were evaluated immediately and 20 minute post-exercise respectively, and R-R interval was recorded. Results: The HR, EPOC and TRIMP for all exercise load were increased significantly after shuttle runs compared to rest (P<0.01), the EPOC and TRIMP for 20 m×10 shuttle runs were significantly higher than those for 20 m×5 shuttle runs at the dominant and non-dominant side (P<0.01). Compared to the rest, the instability indices (general, anteroposterior and mediolateral movement) for 20 m×5 and 20 m×10 shuttle runs immediately post-exercise at the dominant and non-dominant side were increased significantly (P<0.05), and the magnitude of the mediolateral movement for 20 m×10 shuttle runs was higher than that of 20 m×5 shuttle runs (P<0.05). While there were no obvious difference between the dominant and the non-dominant side (P>0.05), which showed symmetrical change. In addition, during 20 minute recovery, the balance ability for all exercise load was returned to the rest value (P>0.05). Conclusion: The shuttle runs could impair the trunk control ability immediately post-exercise, the magnitude of mediolateral movement was increased as the exercise load increased. The changes of balance responses were similar between the dominant and the non-dominant side, the dominant and the non-dominant side might show cross-effects.

Key words: balance abilities, dominant side, non-dominance, shuttle runs, cross-effects, unilateral load carriage

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