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CJAP ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 214-217.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5438.2017.053

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Effects of 4 week hypoxic training on endurance capacity and T lymphocyteofmale football players

WANG Shun1,2, ZHAO Shu-qiang3, WANG Zuo-peng2   

  1. 1. Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000;
    2. Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084;
    3. Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
  • Received:2016-03-16 Revised:2016-11-28 Online:2017-05-28 Published:2018-06-20
  • Contact: 赵述强,Tel:18661904530,E-mail:zsqqdty@126.com E-mail:zsqqdty@126.com
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Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of 4-week hypoxia training on index related to endurance capacity and lymphocyte sub-jects of male football players. Methods: Football players from a sport university were evenly divided into 4 groups:training group, hypoxic group, hypoxia training group and control group. The control group completed a 4-week cycling training with the intensity of 65%~75% VO2max, while the hypoxia training group did the same training in hypoxia environment (14.7% oxygen concentration);Low oxygen groups for 4 weeks daily 60 min, 5 times a week in a low oxygen (14.7% oxygen concentration) environment, did not cycle training;the control group without any intervention. Results: In hypoxia training group, the red blood cell count and hemoglobin were significantly higher than those of the control group, training group and hypoxia group(P < 0.05);there was significant difference in VO2max and the performance of 3 000 m running between hypoxia training group and other groups(P < 0.05); the number of CD3+ level in hypoxia training group was significantly higher than that of the control group and hypoxia group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared to other methods environment, a hypoxia training program of 60 min/d, 5 d/w, 4 weeks in total contributed to improve the endurance capacity of male football players, and it's also probably beneficial for improvement of immunity.

Key words: hypoxia training, aerobic endurance, lymphocyte subsets, football player

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