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  • Table of Content
      28 May 2017, Volume 33 Issue 3 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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    Protective effects of dimethyl sulfoxide on zymosan-insulted gut barrier impairment
    ZHANG Hui-ping, MA Li-qian, LV Yi, LUO Hong-min, LI Yu-meng, LIU Rui, HU Sen
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 193-196.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5443.2017.049
    Abstract   PDF (2395KB) ( 179 )
    Objective: To explore the effect of dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO) on suppressing the release of gut inflammatory cytokine and re-store of the barrier impairment following zymosan-insulted systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Methods: S D rats were randomly divided into four groups:sham with administration of normal saline (SS group); sham with administration of DMSO (DS group); zymosan with administration of normal saline (ZS group); and zymosan with administration of DMSO (ZD group), each group includes two subgroups at 4 h and 24 h after surgery. At 4 h and 24 h after intraperitoneal injection of zymosan (750 mg/kg), the levels of intestinal inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-αand interleukin-10) and the activity of diamine oxidase in plasma were examined. Intestinal injury was evaluated by using an intestinal histological score. Results: DMSO suppressed the release of tumor necrosis factor-αand increased interleukin-10 levels in the intestine compared with the ZS group at the corresponding time points. DMSO decreased the level of diamine oxidase in plasma compared with the ZS group. DMSO restored the injury of intestinal villi and the gut injury score was significantly lower than that in the ZS group. Conclusion: DMSO can suppress the release of intestinal inflammatory cytokines and restore zymosan-insulted gut barrier impairment.
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    Expression and its promoter methylation of chemokine CXC ligand 14 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with lupus
    WANG Jin-dan, HUANG Qian-qian, YE Lu-lu, FAN Chao-fan, GUO Gang-qiang, XU Ling-juan, XUE Xiang-yang, SHENG Xiu-sheng
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 197-201.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5415.2017.049
    Abstract   PDF (1268KB) ( 79 )
    Objective: To analyze the expression and its promoter methylation of chemokine CXC ligand 14 (CXCL14) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: The RNAs of PBMCs from 28 SLE patients and 20 healthy controls were isolated and reversely transcribed into cDNAs. Using GAPDH as the internal reference, the levels of CXCL14 ex-pression were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The correlation between CXCL14 expression and the clinic pathological fe atures of SLE were further analyzed. DNA methylation was analyzed by bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). Results: Our data indicated that the level of CXCL14 in the PBMC of SLE patients was statistically lower than that in healthy controls (P < 0.05). Further analysis showed that CXCL14 expression was negatively correlated with anti-Sj gren syndrome B antibody(anti-SSB antibody, P < 0.01) and albuminuria(P < 0.05). However, CXCL14 expression was not significantly correlated with the indexes of SLE activity, renal damage, the level of anti-ds-DNA antibodies, complement C3 and C-reactive protein. In addition, we further demonstrated that the CXCL14 promoter hypermethylation expres-sion was significant higher than healthy controls. Conclusion: Down-regulated of CXCL14 expression in PBMC maybe involved in the occur-rence or development of SLE disease. The loss of CXCL14 expression was regulated by promoter hypermethylation.
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    Dynamic changes of ‘substantianigra-ventralislateralis-cortex’ pathway neural activity coherence and neurotransmitters in rat during exhausting exercise
    HU Yan-ru, LIU Xiao-li, QIAO De-cai
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 204-211.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5435.2017.051
    Abstract   PDF (2192KB) ( 57 )
    Objective: To reveal the possible mechanism of changes of ‘substantianigra-ventralislateralis-cortex’ pathway neural activity during one bout of exhausting exercise through observing the neural activity coherence between different nucleus and the concentration of extra-cellular glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into neural activity real-time observation group, substantianigra (SNr) extracellular neurotransmitters observation group, ventralislateralis (VL) extracellular neuro-transmitters observation group and supplementary motor area (SMA) extracellular neurotransmitters observation group, 10 rats in each group. For rats of neural activity real-time observation group, by using LFPs and ECoG recording technique, and self-comparison, we simultaneously recorded the dynamic changes of neural activity of rat SNr, VL and SMA during one bout of exhausting exercise. The dynamic changes of ex-tracellular Glu and GABA in rat SNr, VL and SMA were also observed through microdialysis combined high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique and self-comparison method. Results: Based on the behavioral performance, the exhausting exercise process could be di-vided into 5 different stages, the rest condition, auto exercise period, early fatigue period, exhaustion condition and recovery period. The elec-trophysiological study results showed that, the coherence between neural activity in rat SNr, VL and SMA was significant between 0~30 Hz during all the procedure of exhausting exercise. Compared with the rest condition, the microdialysis study showed that the Glu concentrations and Glu/GABA ratio in SNr were decreased significantly during automatic exercise period (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the GABA concentrations were increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while, in VL and cortex, the Glu concentrations and Glu/GABA ratio were increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the GABA concentrations were decreased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Under early fatigue and ex-haustion conditions, compared with the rest condition,the Glu concentrations and Glu/GABA ratio in SNr were increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the GABA concentrations were decreased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while the Glu concentrations and Glu/GABA ratio in VL and cortex were decreased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the GABA concentrations were increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Conclusion: The neural net work communication between ‘substantianigra-ventralislateralis-cortex’ pathway exists, changes of Glu and GABA in the nucelus of the pathway are one of the factors resulting in the changes of neural activity.
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    Effects of 4 week hypoxic training on endurance capacity and T lymphocyteofmale football players
    WANG Shun, ZHAO Shu-qiang, WANG Zuo-peng
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 214-217.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5438.2017.053
    Abstract   PDF (873KB) ( 70 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of 4-week hypoxia training on index related to endurance capacity and lymphocyte sub-jects of male football players. Methods: Football players from a sport university were evenly divided into 4 groups:training group, hypoxic group, hypoxia training group and control group. The control group completed a 4-week cycling training with the intensity of 65%~75% VO2max, while the hypoxia training group did the same training in hypoxia environment (14.7% oxygen concentration);Low oxygen groups for 4 weeks daily 60 min, 5 times a week in a low oxygen (14.7% oxygen concentration) environment, did not cycle training;the control group without any intervention. Results: In hypoxia training group, the red blood cell count and hemoglobin were significantly higher than those of the control group, training group and hypoxia group(P < 0.05);there was significant difference in VO2max and the performance of 3 000 m running between hypoxia training group and other groups(P < 0.05); the number of CD3+ level in hypoxia training group was significantly higher than that of the control group and hypoxia group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared to other methods environment, a hypoxia training program of 60 min/d, 5 d/w, 4 weeks in total contributed to improve the endurance capacity of male football players, and it's also probably beneficial for improvement of immunity.
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    Effects of PKCα/c-fos, Bax/Bcl-2 expression on the proliferation and apoptosis of rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells in hypoxia
    CAO Yan-hong, PAN Jian-xun, LIANG Yue-qin, SHI Rui-zan
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 218-221.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5442.2017.054
    Abstract   PDF (1329KB) ( 62 )
    Objective: To explore the effects of PKCα/c-fos, Bax/Bcl-2 on the proliferation and apoptosis of rat pulmonary arterial smooth musclecells(PASMCs) in hypoxia. Methods: The PASMCs of rats had been isolated and cultured, and then were cultured under normoxia (5%CO2、21%O2、74%N2)and hypoxia(5%CO2,2% O2,93%N2)condition for 24 h and 48 h, respectively. The proliferation of PASMCs was tested by methylthiazolyltetrazolium (MTT). The changes of PASMCs apoptosis were detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining combined flow cytometry. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to detect the gene and protein levels of PKCα/c-fos, Bax/Bcl-2, respectively. All experiments were repeated three times with at least triplicate samples. Results: The proliferation of PASMCs in hypoxia group were stronger than that of normoxia group after 24 h and 48 h (P < 0.01), while the apoptosis rate did not change significantly. Meanwhile, the higher levels of PKCα, c-fos, Bcl-2 mRNA and proteins after hypoxia for 24 h and 48 h were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, while the ex-pression levels of Bax had no significant difference under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Conclusion: Elevated proliferation and expression of PKCα, c-fos, Bcl-2 was observed in rat PASMCs in hypoxia, and while the apoptosis rate had no significant change.
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    Effects of caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk on the expressions of calumenin, caspase-3, GRP78 and GRP94 in adriamycin-injured cardiomyocytes
    BAO Yun-long, Wang Yu, WU Zhe, CUI Xiao-xue, DU Jian-jun, WANG Yi-lin, ZHAO Ming
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 222-225.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5384.2017.055
    Abstract   PDF (2648KB) ( 142 )
    Objective: To study the effects of Caspase broad spectrum inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK on the expressions of calumenin,caspase-3, GRP78 and GRP94 in adriamycin-injured cardiomyocytes and to discuss whether there is a regulation relationship between calumenin and endo-plasmic reticulum stress and myocardial apoptosis. Methods: The primary cultured suckling mouse myocardium were randomly divided into control group (cardiomyocyte), adriamycin group (3 mg/L adriamycin + cardiomyocyte) and z-VAD-fm group (3 mg/L adriamycin + 0.1 μmol/L Z-VAD-fmk + cardiomyocyte), each group of cardiomyocytes were cultured in CO2 incubator at 37℃ for 24 h (n=3). The expres-sion ofα -SMA protein in ventricular myocytes was detected by immunohistochemical method. The expressions of calumenin, GRP78, GRP94 and Caspase-3 in the myocardial cells were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the control group, the expression of calumenin in adriamycin induced myocardial cells was significantly decreased (P < 0.01), while the expressions of GRP78, GRP94 and Caspase-3 ex-pression were increased (P < 0.01). Compared with adriamycin group, the expression of calumenin in z-VAD-fm group was increased (P < 0.01), while the expressions of GRP78, GRP94 and caspase-3 were decreased (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk inhibited the expression of caspase and increased the expression of calumenin in adriamycin induced myocardial cells, and thus alleviated the endoplasmic reticulum stress.
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    The regulation of MAPK signaling pathway on cell proliferation and apoptosis in hypoxic PASMCs of rats
    HUANG Lin-jing, ZHANG Cong-cong, ZHAO Mei-ping, ZHENG Meng-xiao, YING lei, CHEN Xi-wen, WANG Wan-tie
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 226-230.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5422.2017.056
    Abstract   PDF (1265KB) ( 117 )
    Objective: To explore the relationship between hypoxic pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells(PASMCs)proliferation, apop-tosis and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signal pathway in rats. Methods: PASMCs were obtained from male SD rats by the enzyme digestion method and primarily cultured; PASMCs were identified through two methods:immunofluorescence staining and light microscopy; the 4~6th generation PASMCs of logarithmic growth state of good growth period were selected, and randomly divided into 7 groups:normoxic con-trol group (N), hypoxia group (H), DMSO group (D), extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2(ERK1/2) inhibitor-U0126 group (U) and p38MAPK inhibitor-SB203580 group (S), the p38MAPK activator-Anisomycin group (A), the ERK1/2 activator-Staurosporine Aglycone group (SA). When all the models were completed, the all groups joined the CCK-8 to measure cell proliferation; cell apoptosis of each group was detected by TUNEL kit after the modeling. Results: Compared with N group, the expression of OD value in H group was up-regulated (0.990 ±0.041 vs 1.143 ±0.033,P < 0.01). There was no statistical significance on PASMCs apoptosis index(AI) in H group (4.913 ±0.451 vs 5.452 ±0.557, P > 0.05); Compared With H group, there were no statistical significance on the expression of PASMCs OD value and apoptosis index(AI)in D group (1.143 ±0.033 vs 1.142 ±0.049,5.452 ±0.557 vs 5.402 ±0.651,P > 0.05); the expression of OD value in U group was down-regulated, and the expression of AI was up-regulated (1.143 ±0.033 vs 0.985 ±0.078, 5.452 ±0.557 vs 10.145 ±2.545, P < 0.01); the expression of OD value in S group was up-regulated, and the expression of AI was down-regulated (1.143 ±0.033 vs 1.295 ±0.039, 5.452 ±0.557 vs 3.093 ±0.409, P < 0.01); the expression of OD value in A group was down-regulated, and the expres-sion of AI was up-regulated (1.143 ±0.033 vs 0.347 ±0.067, 5.452 ±0.557 vs 25.753 ±1.262, P < 0.01); the expression of OD value in SA group was up-regulated, and the expression of AI was down-regulated (1.143 ±0.033 vs 1.685 ±0.100, 5.452 ±0.557 vs 1.700 ±0.095, P < 0.01). Conclusion: The regulation of PASMCs' proliferation and apoptosis under hypoxia condition have a relationship with the participation of MAPK signal pathway.
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    Effects of heat shock protein A5 induced autophagy on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice
    PENG Zhi-feng, MENG Jian, ZHANG Ji-hong
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 234-238.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5472.2017.058
    Abstract   PDF (1589KB) ( 98 )
    Objective: To determine the role of heat shock protein A5 (HSPA5) induced autophagy on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in-jury in mice. Methods: Thirty-six BALB/c mice were randomly divided into sham group, ischcmia/reperfusion (I/R) group, vehicle + I/R group, 3-Methyladenine(3-MA) + I/R group, scramble siRNA group and HSPA5 siRNA + I/R group(n=6). In sham group, the operation was only performed, did not insert line switch. Focal cerebral ischemia was performed using the method of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 60 min and 24 h reperfusion. In vehicle + I/R group and 3-MA + I/R group, 2μl 0.9% NaCl or 3-MA(30 mg/ml) was admin-istered by intracerebroventricular injection 30 min before MCAO; In scramble siRNA + I/R group and HSPA5 siRNA + I/R group, 5μl scram-ble siRNA or HSPA5 siRNA(2μg/μl) was administered by intracerebroventricular injection 24 h before MCAO. Autophagosome in neuron, the expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3)-Ⅱ/LC3-I in ischemic cortex, the degree of cerebral ischemic injury and neu-rological function score were detected. Results: Initial electron microscopy showed that neuronal morphology appeared to be normal in the sham group. At 24 h after I/R, cell shrinkage, loss of cellular organelles and formation of autophagosomes were observed in the ischemic cerebral cortex of I/R group. In addition, autophagosomes were less frequently observed than that in I/R group. The expressions of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-I and Beclin-1 protein were increased significantly in I/R group compared with that in sham group(P < 0.05). Compare with I/R group, the LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-I protein levels induced by I/R in 3-MA + I/R group or HSPA5 siRNA + I/R group was decreased effectively (P < 0.05). In addi-tion, the cerebral ischemic injury and neurological symptoms after I/R in 3-MA + I/R group or HSPA5 siRNA + I/R group were exacerbated significantly (P < 0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that HSPA5 induced autophagy may play a protective role in focal I/R damage in mice.
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    A study on anti-arrhythmia mechanisms of resveratrol on ischemia/reperfusion in rats by regulating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway
    SONG Juan, WANG Jia, LI Bao-hong, WANG Dong, MENG Dong-chao, LU Yan-zhen
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 239-243.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5516.2017.059
    Abstract   PDF (1266KB) ( 60 )
    Objective: To investigate whether the phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt)pathway is involved in anti-arrhythmia of resveratrol on ischemia/reperfusion in rat hearts. Methods: Forty male rats of normal ECG were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10):sham control (SC) group, ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) group, resveratrol (Res) group, PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (LY294002) group. The rat myocardial I/R injury model was established in vivo. The arrhythmia and left ventricular functional parameters including left ventricular pressure (LVP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and its derivate (±dp/dtmax) were measured; the protein levels of total Akt, phosphorylated Akt and connexin 43 (Cx43) were measured by Western blot; the mRNA level of Cx43 was detected by Real-time PCR. Results: The phosphorylated levels of Akt and myocardial Cx43 were significantly enhanced in Res group as compared with I/R group(P < 0.01); whereas the incidence rate of induced ventricular reperfusion arrhythmias was significantly lower, the left ventricular function was evident-ly enhanced. After addition of PI3K inhibitor LY294002, the protein and mRNA levels of Akt and Cx43 were decreased in LY294002 group, while the incidence rate of reperfusion arrhythmias was significantly higher and the left ventricular function were evidently damaged compared with Res group(P < 0.01). Conclusion: Resveratrol could prevent the occurrence of reperfusion arrhythmias by increasing the content and ac-tivity of myocardial Cx43 through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
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    Clinical value of DC and DRs in warning sudden cardiac death of patients with coronary artery disease
    WANG Chun-guang, LUO Xing-cai, YAO Tong, LIU Yu-yu, ZHAO She-hai, CHENG Jia-yuan, LI Yue, ZHAO Xiao-qi
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 244-247.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5509.2017.060
    Abstract   PDF (870KB) ( 70 )
    Objective: To make risk stratification of aged patients with coronary artery disease by deceleration capacity of rate (DC) and heart rate deceleration runs (DRs) and to investigate the value of the two detection technologies in warning sudden cardiac death. Methods: Two hundrend and eighteen patients diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD) by coronary angiography (CAG) were selected as observa-tion group:including 55 patients with latent coronary artery disease (LCHD), 56 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 53 patients with angina pectoris (AP), 54 patients with ischemic heart failure. Fifty-five healthy controls in our hospital were selected at the same time (control group). All patients were detected by 24-hour dynamic electrocardiogram while values of DC and DRs were automatically analyzed and calculated by software. Results: The values of DC and DRs descended significantly in all CHD groups (AMI group, AP group, Ischemic Heart Failure group, LCHD group) and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01) compared with normal group; DC and DRs indicated the risk classification of each CAD subgroup was obviously higher than those in normal group and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.01); CAG showed that the more coronary lesions, the larger the rage, prompt the heavier the illness, which was consistent with the risk classification of each CHD subgroup indicated by DC and DRs. Conclusion: DC and DRs can be used to analyze the function of vagus nerve, it also can be used to make risk classification of patients with CHD, and it has a higher value of pre-warning for high-risk groups. DC and DRs can be used as sensitive indexes in warning sudden cardiac death of patients with CHD.
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    Effects of hydrogen sulfide on NO content and iNOS activity in diaphragm from type 1 diabetic rats
    YANG Rui, JIA Qiang, MA Shan-feng, LIU Xiao-fen, GAO Qin, WANG Lei
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 248-251.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5497.2017.061
    Abstract   PDF (1324KB) ( 175 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on nitric oxide (NO) content and inducible nitric oxide syn-thase (iNOS) activity in diaphragm from type 1 diabetic rats. Methods: Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups:nor-mal control group (NC), diabetes mellitus group (DM), DM treatment group (DM + NaHS) and NaHS control group (NaHS) (n=8). Rats were treated with streptozotocin 55 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection to establish type 1 diabetic rat model. The fourth week after the model-ing, the rats in the DM + NaHS and NaHS groups were treated with 14μmol/kg NaHS solution by intraperitoneally injected. After treatment for 5 weeks, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and diaphragm weight (DW)/body weight (BW) were measured. The pathological changes of draphrag-matic tissues were observed by HE staining. The activity of iNOS was analyzed by spectrophotometric method, while the content of NO was measured by nitric acid reductase method. The iNOS expressions at mRNA and protein levels in diaphragmatic tissues were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. Results: Compared with the NC group, there was no significant difference in the various indexes in the NaHS group. While FBG was increased significantly, DW/BW was decreased obviously in the DM group. HE staining revealed obvious changes in diaphragmatic tissues. The activity of iNOS and the content of NO were increased. The levels of iNOS mRNA and protein were in-creased significantly. Compared with the DM group, DW/BW and pathological damages were improved in the DM + NaHS group. The activity of iNOS and NO content were decreased significantly. The levels of iNOS mRNA and protein were decreased obviously. Conclusion: Exoge-nous H2S can suppress iNOS activity and expression to decrease the content of NO, which improving the capacity of diaphragm in type 1 diabet-ic rats.
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    Effects of aerobic exercise combined with melatonin on osteoporosis of type II diabetic rats
    JING Hui-feng, WANG Xiao-mei
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 252-256.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5395.2017.062
    Abstract   PDF (888KB) ( 158 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and melatonin on osteoporosis in type 2 diabetic rats. Methods: Sixty fe male SD rats were randomly divided into the control group (n=10) and the diabetic model group (n=50). The rats in the control group(N group) did not receive any intervention, and the rats in the type Ⅱ diabetic group (D) was injected with streptozocin(STZ) at the dose of 35 mg/kg by intraperitoneally. One week later, rats with blood glucose greater than 16.7 mmol/L were successfully modeled for type Ⅱ diabetes. Forty diabetic rats were randomly divided into diabetic control group (D), diabetes + aerobic exercise group(CDE),diabetes + melatonin group (DM), diabetes mellitus + aerobic exercise + melatonin group (DEM), 10 rats in each group. The rats in DE and DEM groups were treated with 20 min aerobic exercise for 6 weeks. The rats in DM group and DEM group were given 40 mg/kg of melatonin per day. The body weight, vertebrae and left and right femur bone mineral density (BMD) of the rats in each group were observed. Malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), serum total calcium (Ca), inorganic phosphate (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were detected. Results: Compared with N group, body weight, serum SOD, GSH-Px levels, blood Ca, lumbar and femoral BMD of rats in group D were decreased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The levels of blood glucose, serum MDA and serum PTH were increased sig-nificantly (P < 0.01), the level of blood P had no changes (P > 0.05); compared with group D, DE group, DM group rats body weight, serum SOD, GSH-Px levels, blood Ca, lumbar spine and femur about BMD were increased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The levels of blood glucose, serum MDA and serum PTH were decreased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), the level of blood P had no changes (P > 0.05). The effects in diabetic rats treated with aerobic exercise and melatonin at the same time were much better. Conclusion: Both aero-bic exercise and melatonin can improve diabetic osteoporosis, and the effect of both joint intervention is more significant, it may be associated with oxidative stress by increasing the ability of diabetic rats, regulate glucose metabolism in order to effectively reduce the calcium and PTH, improve BMD to alleviate osteoporosis.
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    Effects of left atrial enlargment on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation in elderly paroxysm alatrial fibrillation patients after pacemaker implantation
    WANG Hai-jun, SHI Yang, LI Jian, SI Quan-jin, WANG Yu-tang
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 257-261.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5493.2017.063
    Abstract   PDF (1081KB) ( 44 )
    Objective: To investigate the incidence of recurrent atrial fibrillation, including asymptomatic atrial fibrillation, and the effect of left atrial volume index (LAVI) on recurrence of atrial fibrillation in elderly paroxysmal atrial fibrillation patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers. Methods: One hundred and forty eight elderly paroxysmal atrial fibrillation patients without antiarrhythmic drug therapy after car-diac pacemaker implantation were selected from January 2012 to December 2013 in this study. The baseline characteristics, echocardiography parameters, the incidence of recurrent atrial fibrillation and the burden of atrial fibrillation were recorded. The patients were divided into groups according to the burden of atrial fibrillation and the left atrial volume index. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was adopted to calculate the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of left atrial volume index for the device-detected recurrence of atrial fibrillation and atrial fibrillation burden. Results: During an average of 22.79 months follow-up period, 57.43% of the patients with recurrence of atrial fibrillation, 22.97% of the pa-tients with high intensity burden of atrial fibrillation, and 15.54% of the patients with asymptomatic atrial fibrillation were found. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated left atrial enlargement (LAVI > 28 ml/m2) was an independent risk factor for the device-detected recur-rence of atrial fibrillation (P < 0.05) and atrial fibrillation burden (P < 0.01)respectively. Conclusion: Left atrial volume index is an inde-pendent risk factor for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation and atrial fibrillation burden in elderly patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after pacemaker implantation.
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    Effects of ZFP580 on ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in rats
    MIAO Jie, MENG Fan-peng, MAO Shi-yun, MA Yu-mei, MENG Xiang-yan, ZHANG Mei
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 262-266.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5544.2017.064
    Abstract   PDF (1339KB) ( 77 )
    Objective: To investigate the relationship between zinc finger protein(ZFP580)and ventricular remodeling after myocardial is-chemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury in rats. Methods: Seventy-two rats were divided into sham group and I/R groups which would be tested in se-ries time of 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 1 d,7 d,14 d,28 d after reperfusion to observe the expression of ZFP580 in rat myocardium. The H9C2 cells were cultured and treated with transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β 1) to establish cardiac hypertrophy in vitro model in series time of 0 h, 8h, 16 h and 24 h. The cardiomyocyte hypertrophy morphology was measured. The mRNA levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP), myosin heavey chain beta(β -MHC) and ZFP580 genes were quantified. The protein levels of MMP-3 and ZFP580 were quantified after H9C2 cells were transfected by lentiviral-mediated ZFP580 gene. Results: Myocardial I/R injury model was successfully established. Myocardial tis-sue in rats had large area infarction, and myocardial cells were eosinophilic changed. The increased level of ZFP580 protein was observed in the cardiomyocytes around infarction zone. The expression of TGF-β 1 in myocardium was up-regulated after myocardial I/R injury. TGF-β 1 (5 ng/ml) treatment could induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in H9C2 cells. TGF-β 1 treatment increased the cell size and mRNA levels of ANP andβ -MHC genes (P < 0.05), which represent degree of cardiac hypertrophy. TGF-β 1 treatment also increased the protein levels of ZFP580 in H9C2 cells (P < 0.05). In the H9C2 cells transfected by lentiviral-mediated gene, the protein level of MMP3 was decreased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: ZFP580 is probably related with ventricular remodeling after myocardial I/R injury by involving TGF-β 1 induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and attenuating MMP-3 production.
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    Effect of high concentration glucose on the expression of ALDH2 in cardiac fibroblasts of rats
    GU Xiao-yu, FANG Ting-ting, GAO Qin, KANG Pin-fang, LI Zheng-hong, CHENG Xiang-yang
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 267-270.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5514.2017.065
    Abstract   PDF (1200KB) ( 81 )
    Objective: To observe whether acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is expressed in cardiac fibroblasts and investigate the change of ALDH2 in cardiac fibroblasts when cultured with high concentration of glucose. Methods: Cultured cardiac fibroblasts were randomly divided into four groups:normal control group (5.5 mmol/L glucose), Alda-1 (the agonist of ALDH2, 20μmol/L) group, high glucose group (30 mmol/L glucose) and high glucose + Alda-1 group. Cardiac fibroblasts were identified by immunofluore-scence technique. Cell prolifera-tion was detected by MTT method after treated with drugs for 48 hours. mRNA and protein expressions of ALDH2 were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, aimed to ensure whether ALDH2 was expressed in cardiac fibroblasts. The changes of ALDH2 protein expression in cardiac fibroblasts were tested by Western blot. Results: RT-PCR and Western blot results revealed that ALDH2 was expressed in cardiac fibroblasts. Compared with normal control group, cardiac fibroblasts proliferation was increased (P < 0.05), while the protein expression of ALDH2 was reduced (P < 0.05) in high glucose group. When treated with Alda-1, the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts was decreased (P < 0.01), while the protein expression of ALDH2 was increased (P < 0.05) in high glucose group. Conclusion: ALDH2 was expressed in cardiac fi-broblasts. Alda-1, the agonist of ALDH2 enhanced the expression of ALDH2 and inhibited the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts when cultured with high concentration of glucose.
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    Management of antithrombotic agents for endoscopic procedures in elderly Chinese patients: a retrospective study
    WANG Hao, TAO Tao, WANG Hai-jun, ZHAO Xiao-ning, GUO Yu-tao, WANG Yu-tang
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 271-276.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5550.2017.066
    Abstract   PDF (3643KB) ( 190 )
    Objective: To investigate the peri-endoscopic management of antithrombotic drugs and adverse events in elderly patients un-dergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy in order to provide clinical guidance of peri-endoscopic management of antithrombotic drugs for elderly pa-tients. Methods: Between January 1st 2008 and December 31st 2014, clinical data of 3 747 patients (aged 46~99 years, 96.1% male) who were hospitalized for elective gastrointestinal endoscopy were analyzed retrospectively. The general clinical data, cardiovascular disease and re-lated risk factors, medication, management of peri-endoscopic antithrombotics and adverse events were recorded. The differences of peri-endo-scopic adverse events including thromboembolism and bleeding between patients with different management strategies of peri-endoscopic an-tithrombotics were analyzed. Results: The overall incidences of peri-endoscopic thromboembolism and bleeding were 2.24% and 1.89%, re-spectively. The incidences of thromboembolism and bleeding when stopping antithrombotics at 0~7 days pre-procedure were 1.87% and 2.38% respectively. The incidences of thromboembolism and bleeding when resuming antithrombotics at 2~7 days after endoscopy were 2.07% and 0.63% respectively. When discontinuing antithrombotics, the differences in peri-endoscopic thromboembolism and bleding be-tween patients who did and did not undergo low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) bridging therapy were not significant. The incidence of bleeding in patients who underwent LMWH bridging therapy was higher than that in patients who didn't undergo LMWH bridging therapy, but the diference was not significant. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that cessation of antithrombotics < 7 days pre-procedures and resumption of antithrombotic agents after 2-7 days post-porcedures is optimal in elderly Chinese patients undergoing endoscopy.
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    The mechanism of RvD1 alleviates type 2 diabetic neuropathic pain by influencing microglia polarization in rats
    MA Yi-mei, LI Chuan-da, ZHU Ya-bing, XU Xia, LI Jun, CAO Hong
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 277-281.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5521.2017.067
    Abstract   PDF (1103KB) ( 163 )
    Objective: To study the relationship between microglia polarization in the spinal dorsal horn and type 2 diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP). And explore the mechanism of RvD1 alleviating type 2 diabetic neuropathic pain. Methods: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats came from the male SD rats which were fed by high-fat and high-sucrose diet and given intraperitoneal streptozotocin(STZ), then detected fa sting blood glucose level, the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL), which was to prepare the type 2 DNP model rats. And they were randomly divided into 3 groups:type 2 DNP group (group D), type 2 DNP and RvD1 group (group R), type 2 DNP and solvent control group (group S), 36 rats in each group. After being given STZ 14 days, the rats of group D, R, S were placed a catheter in subarachnoid cavity. Three days later, the RvD1 10μl (10 ng/μl) and 100% ethanol 10μl were injected into subarach-noid cavity through the catheter once a day for 14 consecutive days. Another 36 normal rats were served as normal control group (group N) and were fed with common forage. MWT and TWL were measured at 1, 3, 7, 14 days after Subarachnoid injection, then the nine rats'spinal cord of the lumbar segment 4~6 were removed to detect the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) and arginase 1(Arg1) by Western blot, the marker of microglia M1 and M2 polarization. Results: Compared with group N, MWT was decreased significantly and TWL was shortened, the expression of Arg1 was down-regulated and the expression of iNOS was up-regulated in spinal dorsal horn at the 1, 3, 7, 14 days in groups D and S (P < 0.05). Compared with group D, MWT was significantly increased and TWL was prolonged, the expression of Arg1 was up-regulated and the expression of iNOS was down-regulated in spinal dorsal horn at the 7, 14 days in group R (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the MWT, TWL and expression of Arg1 and iNOS between D and S groups. Conclusion: RvD1 promotes mi-croglia toward M2 polarization and alleviates type 2 diabetic neuropathic pain in rats.
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    Application of area percent of positive neuron and relative intensity of staining grey level in the image quantitative analysis of rat brain tissues immunohistochemistry
    ZENG Zhi-gang, QIU Hong, ZHU Mei-ju, ZHU Hong-zhu, XIAO Jian-hua
    CJAP. 2017, 33 (3): 282-286.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5460.2017.068
    Abstract   PDF (1292KB) ( 47 )
    Objective: The acetylcholine expression in hypothalamus arcuate nucleus is detected and then the images are processed and analyzed. The features of the image quantitative analysis of immunohistochemistry (IHC) with the method combining two parameters of area percent of positive neuron (APPN) and relative intensity of staining grey level (RISGL) were investigated. Methods: Samples were the im-munohistochemical slices of acetylcholine(ACh)expression of hypothalamic arcuate nucleus cholinergic neurons in the process of exercise in-duced immunosuppression, which included twelve groups of "0 w, 2 w, 4 w, 6 w" and three groups of "control, immediately after exercise, 3 hours after exercise" in every week. IHC technology was used to detect the ACh expression. The image quantitative analysis of IHC was con-ducted in accordance with the parameters of ACh total area of positive neuron (TAPN), average intensity of staining grey level (AISGL), APPN, RISGL, APPN/RISGL. Then the differences among APPN, RISGL and traditional parameters in the quantitative analysis were com-pared and the advantages were found. Results: The changes of TAPN and APPN showed almost the same variation. Namely the corresponding significant differences could be found through these two parameters(P < 0.05), but the sensitivity and anti-interference of APPN was higher. The results of AISGL and RISGL were not coincident completely. Furthermore, with the combination of APPN and RISGL, the positive expres-sion could be reflected better than any single parameter. Conclusion: The parameters of immunohistochemical image analysis, APPN and RIS-GL, can be reliable and accurate in image quantitative analysis of IHC. The combination of APPN and RISGL can not only reflect the expres-sion of positive neurons, but also help analyze its mechanism, which is better than traditional analysis parameters.
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  2019-03-15

Sponsor
Chinese Association for Physiological Sciences Academy of Military Medical Sciences Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine
Associate Sponsor
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences
Editor in Chief
WANG Hai
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Editorial Board,Chinese Journal of Applide Physiology;Dali Dao,Tinanjin 300050,China



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