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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 346-350.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5787.2019.073

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Trichloroethylene interferes with heart development of zebrafish via inhibiting Wnt signal pathway

SHI Jia-lin 1, XIA Ying 1, HUA Yue 1, ZHANG Ke-jia 1, CHEN Tao 2△, JIANG Yan 1△   

  1. 1. Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215123;
    2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Preventive and Translational Medicine for Geriatric Diseases, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
  • Received:2018-11-22 Online:2019-07-28 Published:2019-11-06

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of trichloroethylene (TCE) cardiac developmental toxicity on zebrafish embryos and to try to provide experimental data for related intervention. Methods: Zebrafish embryos were purchased from the National Zebrafish Resource Center. The embryos were divided into DMSO(control group), DMSO+CHIR, DMSO+XAV, TCE, TCE+CHIR and TCE+XAV groups(TCE at the concentration of 1, 10 and 100 ppb, with the DMSO as control; DMSO: Dimethyl suldoxide; CHIR: CHIR-99021, Wnt agonist; XAV: XAV-939, Wnt antagonist), 60 embryos per group. Zebrafish embryos were fed in systematic aquaculture water, 28℃. The water was replaced every 24 h and drugs were added according to the grouping scheme. The cardiac tissues were dissected and analyzed by transcriptome microarray after RNA extraction. The expressions of Wnt signaling pathway related genes were verified by q-PCR. Wnt atagonist XAV and activator CHIR were used alone or in combination to further evaluate the possibility of the Wnt signaling participating in the cardiac developmental toxicity induced by TCE. Results: Compared with control, Zebra fish embryos exposed to TCE showed a significant increase in heart defects, and the main phenotypes were abnormal atrioventricular ratio, looping defects and pericardial edema. The results of microarray profiling showed that the expressions of genes related to Wnt signaling pathway were affected significantly. The results of qPCR further confirmed that TCE inhibited the expressions of Wnt pathway target genes Axin2, Sox9b and Nkx2.5(P<0.05). Wnt agonist CHIR reduced the TCE-induced cardiac malformation rate significantly, while the addition of Wnt antagonist XAV markedly enhanced the cardiac developmental toxicity of TCE. Conclusion: Exposure to TCE leads to heart malformation in zebrafish embryos. Wnt signaling pathway may be involved in the cardiac developmental toxicity induced by TCE.

Key words: zebrafish embryos, trichloroethylene, Wnt signal pathway, cardiac development

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