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CJAP ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 501-506.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5686.2018.112

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Effects of alcohol on benign prostate hyperplasia induced by testosterone propionate in mice

LU Chun-bin1, QIU Ping-le1, KONG Qi-jun1, ZHU Bei-bei1, LI Chun-meng1, LIU Biao2   

  1. 1. Institute of Reproductive and Immunology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2018-03-12 Revised:2018-10-26 Online:2018-11-28 Published:2019-03-09
  • Supported by:
    暨南大学科研培育与创新基金项目(11615493);转基因生物新品种培育重大专项(2016ZX08012005)

Abstract: Objective: To study the effects of alcohol administration on benign prostate hyperplasia(BPH) and the reproductive toxicity during development of benign prostate hyperplasia. Methods: Seventy adult male Kunming mice were randomly divided into seven groups:control (group CON), negative control (group NC, injected subcutaneously with soybean oil, 25 mg/(kg·d), intragastric administration of distilled water, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)), alcohol for 7 and 21 days (group AL7 and AL21, intragastric administration with wine of 50% alcohol, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)), testosterone propionate for 7 and 21 days (group TP7 and TP21, injected subcutaneously with testosterone propionate, 25 mg/(kg·d)), testosterone propionate+alcohol for 7 days (group TP+AL7, injected subcutaneously with testosterone propionate, 25 mg/(kg·d), and intragastric administration with wine of 50% alcohol, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)),10 mice in each groups. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, mice were sacrificed. The indexes of prostate and testis and the parameters of sperm were determined in mice. The levels of free radicals, antioxidation and histopathological changes in testis and prostate were determined. Results: Compared with the control, TP7d group, AL7 and AL21d groups, the prostate coefficient of TP + AL7d group was increased significantly and the quantity and quality of sperm were decreased significantly (P<0.05), the content of MDA in prostate and testis was increased significantly, meanwhile the activities of SOD and GPx were decreased significantly (P< 0.05). Compared with TP21d group, the prostate coefficient of TP + AL7d group had no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The typical BPH state could be induced after 7-day treatment of testosterone propionate and alcohol. The testicular and sperm were damaged which enhanced the oxidative stress in reproductive system. The results indicated that alcohol could significantly promote the prostate hyperplasia induced by testosterone propionate in mice.

Key words: benign prostate hyperplasia, reproductive damage, testosterone propionate, alcohol, mice

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