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  • Table of Content
      28 November 2018, Volume 34 Issue 6 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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    The protective effect of tea polyphenols on chronic alcoholic liver injury in rats
    ZHANG Yong, LI Miao-miao, HUA Tian-miao, SUN Qing-yan
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 481-484.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5708.2018.107
    Abstract   PDF (1981KB) ( 340 )
    Objective: To investigate the protective effects and potential mechanisms of tea polyphenols intervention on excess alcohol intake induced liver injury in rats. This study established the animal model of chronic liver injury rats induced by alcohol. Our results will provide experimental evidence for the effects of tea polyphenol on chronic alcoholic liver injury. Methods: Alcohol-induced liver injury rat models were established, and the tea polyphenols intervention was performed in the meantime. After 8 weeks, rats were anesthetized, and visceral fat and liver samples were separated, weighted and stored. Visceral fat content was evaluated in fat/body weight ratio. Liver lipid accumulation was assessed by liver index and the result of Oil Red O staining. Hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, total antioxidant capacity assay (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity were detected. And fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) protein level in liver was detected. Results: Compared with the control group rats, the fat/body weight ratio, SOD/MDA, T-AOC and GSH-Px activity of chronic liver injury rats were decreased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). Meanwhile the liver index, FAT/CD36 protein level and lipid deposition in liver of chronic liver injury rats were increased (P<0.01). Compared with chronic liver injury rats, the tea polyphenols intervention increased fat/body weight ratio (P<0.05), and significantly increased SOD/MDA, T-AOC and GSH-Px activity (P<0.01). Meanwhile the tea polyphenols intervention reduced liver index (P<0.01), FAT/CD36 protein level (P<0.01) and lipid deposition in liver. Conclusion: Tea polyphenols intervention can improve lipid deposition and oxidative stress in chronic alcoholic liver, which is concurrent with decreased FAT/CD36 protein expression on the hepatocyte membrane.
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    Effects of aminooxyacetic acid on the learning and memory ability and its possible mechanism in rats with chronic alcoholism
    QIN Hao-zhi, JIANG Hong-bo, DAI Xuan, HUANG Ya-di, LUO Xiao-qiu, ZHANG Rui-ling, DU Ai-lin
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 485-489.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5662.2018.108
    Abstract   PDF (3186KB) ( 243 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA) on learning and memory ability and possible mechanisms in rats with chronic alcoholism.Methods: Sixty SD male rats were randomly divided into three groups on average.The model group rats and the remedy group rats were fed with the water containing (v/v) 6% alcohol for 28 days.After 14 days, the remedy group rats were treated with AOAA (5 mg/kg·d) by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 14 days and the other two group rats were treated with the equal amount of saline by intraperitoneal injection every day.Five days before the end of the experiment, the water maze test was carried out to test the learning and memory ability of rats for 5 days.Subsequently, the content of H2S, the activity of ATP enzyme and the expression of 5-HT in hippocampus were measured.Results: Compared with the rats in the control group, the latency and the swimming distance of the 2nd to the 4th day, the content of H2S in hippocampus of rats in the model group were all increased, the mitochondrial ATP enzyme activity in hippocampus and the positive expression of 5-HT in hippocampus CA1 and CA3 of rats in the model group were decreased (P<0.01).Compared with the rats in the model group, the latency and the swimming distance of the 2nd to the 4th day, the content of H2S in hippocampus of the rats in the remedy group were decreased, the mitochondrial ATP enzyme activity in hippocampus and the positive expression of 5-HT in hippocampus CA1 and CA3 of rats in the model group were increased (P<0.01).Conclusion: AOAA could alleviate the symptoms of chronic alcoholism rats, which may be related to the effects of AOAA on the content of H2S, the mitochondrial enzyme activity and the expression of 5-HT in hippocampus.
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    Changes of apoE protein expression in lung of mice with hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension
    LIU Ling-yan, HUANG Tian-peng, HAO Jia-le, CHEN Ran, FAN Xiao-fang, GONG Yong-sheng, MAO Sun-zhong
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 492-495.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5723.2018.110
    Abstract   PDF (1123KB) ( 414 )
    Objective: To observe the changes of apolipoprotein E (apoE) protein expression of pulmonary tissue in mice with pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxia. Methods: The animal model of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension was established by exposing the mice to isobaric hypoxic chamber for 3 weeks (23 h/d, regular chow feed).Twenty male wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and twenty apoE gene knockout (apoE-KO) mice were randomly divided into normoxia group and hypoxia group. The plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and total cholesterol were detected by ELISA method. The protein expression of apoE in lung and liver, and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in lung were measured by Western blot.Results: ①In WT mice, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and the weight ratio of right ventricle (RV) to left ventricle plus septum (LV+S) of hypoxia group were significantly higher than those of normoxia group by 68% and 59% (P<0.05), respectively. The plasma concentration of HDL and HDL/LDL of hypoxia group were significantly lower than those of normoxia group by 17% and 40% (P<0.05), respectively.The protein expression of apoE in lung and in liver of hypoxia group were significantly down-regulated than those of normoxia group by 48% and 52% (P<0.05), respectively.The protein expression of PPARγ in lung was significantly down-regulated than that of normoxia group by 37%(P<0.05).RVSP were significantly negative correlated with the protein levels of apoE and PPARγ in lung (P<0.01).② In apoE-KO mice, RVSP and the weight ratio of RV to LV+S of hypoxia group were significantly higher than those of normoxia group by 96% and 86% (P<0.05), respectively.RVSP and RV to (LV+S) of hypoxia group in apoE-KO mice were significantly higher than those of hypoxia group in WT mice by 29% and 24% (P<0.05), respectively.Conclusion: Down-regulated expression of apoE in lung tissue participates in the pathological proceeding of pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxia.
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    Effects of deoxygedunin on Alzheimer-like pathologic dysfunction induced by D-galactose combined with AlCl3
    CHEN Jian-guo, JIANG Qi-chuan, WEN Bo, WANG Ruo-ya, WU Ya-geng, LI Xiang
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 496-500.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5732.2018.111
    Abstract   PDF (3197KB) ( 258 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of Deoxygedunin on Aβ deposition, learning memory, and oxidative stress induced by D-galactose combined with AlCl3 in model rats with Alzheimer's disease and its possible mechanism.Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=12):control group, model group (AD) and intervention group (AD+Deo). Morris water maze test was used to detect learning/memory and cognitive function in rats.Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in homogenate of hippocampus were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Tau protein expression in rat cerebral cortex was detected by immunohistochemistry.Western blot was used to detect the expressions of extracellular signal regulated kinase 1(ERK1), protein kinase B (PKB) and tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) on TrkB signaling pathway.Results: The results of water maze test showed that D-galactose combined with AlCl3 induced a significant increase in the escape latency compared with the control group (P<0.05).Deoxygedunin could reverse the increase of the escape latency of the model group (P<0.05).On the 7th day after removal of the platform, the model group showed an increase in escape latency compared with the control group and the intervention group (P<0.01), and the number of crossing platforms was declined (P<0.05); The results of immunohistochemistry and ELISA showed that the expressions of Aβ and tau protein in the model group were increased significantly compared with those of the control group (P<0.01).The activities of SOD and GSH-Px were decreased significantly and the content of MDA was increased significantly.Compared with the model group, Deoxygedunin could reverse the increase of the expressions of Aβ and tau protein (P<0.01), the decrease of SOD and GSH-Px activities (P<0.05) and the increase of the MDA content (P<0.05).Western blot results showed that Deoxygedunin treatment reversed the decreased phosphorylation levels of TrkB, AKT and ERK1 in hippocampus of the model group.Conclusion: Supplement of Deoxygedunin can significantly reverse Aβ deposition, oxidative stress and cognitive deficits by activating the TrkB signal transduction pathway, which suggest that Deoxygedunin may serve as a promising therapeutic candidate for attenuating AD-like pathological dysfunction induced by D-galactose combined with AlCl3.
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    Effects of alcohol on benign prostate hyperplasia induced by testosterone propionate in mice
    LU Chun-bin, QIU Ping-le, KONG Qi-jun, ZHU Bei-bei, LI Chun-meng, LIU Biao
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 501-506.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5686.2018.112
    Abstract   PDF (1148KB) ( 274 )
    Objective: To study the effects of alcohol administration on benign prostate hyperplasia(BPH) and the reproductive toxicity during development of benign prostate hyperplasia. Methods: Seventy adult male Kunming mice were randomly divided into seven groups:control (group CON), negative control (group NC, injected subcutaneously with soybean oil, 25 mg/(kg·d), intragastric administration of distilled water, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)), alcohol for 7 and 21 days (group AL7 and AL21, intragastric administration with wine of 50% alcohol, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)), testosterone propionate for 7 and 21 days (group TP7 and TP21, injected subcutaneously with testosterone propionate, 25 mg/(kg·d)), testosterone propionate+alcohol for 7 days (group TP+AL7, injected subcutaneously with testosterone propionate, 25 mg/(kg·d), and intragastric administration with wine of 50% alcohol, 7.5 ml/(kg·d)),10 mice in each groups. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, mice were sacrificed. The indexes of prostate and testis and the parameters of sperm were determined in mice. The levels of free radicals, antioxidation and histopathological changes in testis and prostate were determined. Results: Compared with the control, TP7d group, AL7 and AL21d groups, the prostate coefficient of TP + AL7d group was increased significantly and the quantity and quality of sperm were decreased significantly (P<0.05), the content of MDA in prostate and testis was increased significantly, meanwhile the activities of SOD and GPx were decreased significantly (P< 0.05). Compared with TP21d group, the prostate coefficient of TP + AL7d group had no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The typical BPH state could be induced after 7-day treatment of testosterone propionate and alcohol. The testicular and sperm were damaged which enhanced the oxidative stress in reproductive system. The results indicated that alcohol could significantly promote the prostate hyperplasia induced by testosterone propionate in mice.
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    Regulatory effect of curcumin on renal apoptosis and its mechanism in overtraining rats
    HU Ge, CAO Hui, ZHOU Hai-tao, CAO Jian-min, GUO Xian, NIU Yan-long, BAO Xin-yue, REN Yi, LI Qian, ZHANG Tao, ZHAO Jia-hui
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 513-518.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5766.2018.115
    Abstract   PDF (3274KB) ( 309 )
    Objective: To study the effects and mechanisms of curcumin alleviating oxidative stress induced by overtraining and inhibiting renal apoptosis in rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats of 7 weeks old were divided into control group (C group, 12), overtraining group (OM group, 11), curcumin + overtraining group (COM group, 14). Group C did not undergo any exercise intervention. Rats in OM group and COM group underwent 8-week incremental load swimming training. During the training, the COM group was treated with curcumin at the dose of 200 mg/(kg·d) in the volume as 5 ml/kg by intragastric administration, and the other groups was treated with an equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose. Twenty-four hours after the last training, renal histopathological changes were observed by light microscopy, related biochemical indicators in blood and renal tissue were detected. Results: The results showed that after 8 weeks of incremental load swimming training, the renal tissue structure of group C was normal under light microscope; histopathological changes were observed in OM group; COM group was significantly relieved compared with OM group. Compared with group C, serum levels of corticosterone (Cor), creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in OM group were increased (P<0.01), serum level of testosterone (T) was lower (P<0.01); the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was not changed significantly (P>0.05), while the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was decreased (P<0.05), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were decreased (P<0.01), malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was increased (P<0.01); the renal apoptosis was increased (P<0.01), the expression of anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma-2 protein (Bcl-2) was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of proapoptotic Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the OM group, Cor level was decreased (P<0.01) in the COM group, T level was increased (P<0.01), Cr and BUN levels were lower (P<0.05); the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were increased (P<0.05), T-AOC and SOD activity were increased (P<0.01), MDA concentration was decreased (P<0.05); the renal apoptosis was decreased (P<0.05), the expression of Bcl-2 was increased (P<0.05), and the expression of Bax was decreased (P<0.01). The trend of testosterone/corticosterone ratio between groups was consistent with testosterone change, and the change trend of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was consistent with the change of Bcl-2. Conclusion: The 8-week incremental load swimming training triggered excessive training in rats, aggravated oxidative stress and accelerated renal apoptosis, leading to pathological changes and dysfunction of kidney. Curcumin can up-regulate expression of Nrf2 and HO-1, effectively alleviates oxidative stress induced by overtraining, thereby increasing Bcl-2 expression, decreasing Bax expression, inhibiting renal apoptosis and protecting renal tissue structure and function properly.
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    The research of hemoglobin mass on athletic biological passport for blood doping detection
    WANG Jun, ZHANG Mei-ling, WANG Song-li, LIU Min, YANNIS Pitisladis
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 519-523.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5701.2018.116
    Abstract   PDF (1633KB) ( 289 )
    Objective: To research the changes of blood parameters on different time points after micro-rHuEPO injection on young men and hope to provide evidences for Athletic Biological Passport (ABP) using in the detection of blood doping.Methods: Fourteen health young men were injected with micro-rHuEPO for 7 weeks, twice per one week.The subjects were treated with ferralia 105 mg every day during the injections.The control group was administrated with the same volume of saline solution injection and placebo 105 mg.The blood parameters (red blood cell, hemoglobin, reticulocyte, total hemoglobin, plasma volume, etc) were tested 11 times (7 days before the first injection, 3, 10, 17, 24, 31, 38 and 45 days after the first injection, 1, 2 and 3 weeks post the seventh week of last injection).By analyzed these total and concentration parameters, hope to know the effective of two kinds of parameters on ABP.Results: The levels of RBC and[Hb] were increased sharply after two weeks of injection and reached the peak in 5-6 weeks (9-10%, P<0.01).It sustained till 3 weeks after the last injection.Total hemoglobin was increased significantly during the whole procedure of injections and reached the peak in week 5 (10%, P<0.01) till 1 week after the last injection.Red blood cell volume was increased with the EPO injection and reached the peak in week 5 (P<0.01), but blood volume wasn't increased significantly.Plasma volume was decreased with EPO injection and it was hemoconcentration.Conclusion: It can enhance the total and concentration parameters through 7-week micro-rHuEPO injections and the total haemoglobin is more sensitive.So tHb can be used to detect blood doping in ABP.At the end of the last injection, the total blood parameters, such as the total hemoglobin, returned to normal, while the concentration index remained highly, possibly as a result of blood concentration.
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    Anti-hepatoma effects of Smac analogue Birinapant and its related molecular mechanism
    JIANG Pan-ruo, KE Rui-jun, ZHU Ming-liao, LOU En-zhe, XIE Jia-geng, CHEN Jia-yu
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 524-529.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5685.2018.117
    Abstract   PDF (1444KB) ( 266 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of Birinapant on hepatocellular carcinoma cells and its related molecular mechanisms.Methods: Human hepatocellular carcinoma cells QGY-7701 were treated with 0, 1, 5, 25 and 125 nmol/L Birinapant for 24, 48 and 72 hours respectively, each experiment 3 wells.The proliferation activity of cells, the apoptosis levels, the cells nuclear type, the mitochondrial membrane potential, the transcription and expression levels of genes and the cytotoxicity of Birinapant were analyzed.At the same time, 4-week-old male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, with 20 mice in each group.The mice were inguinal injected with QGY-7701 cells, and then subcutaneous injected with Birinapant (concentrations ranging from 0, 1, 5, 25, 125 μg/kg) in each group after two days, once every other day.On 18th day since first Birinapant injection, 10 mice were killed in each group to weigh tumor tissue and survival time was recorded from the remaining 10 mice.The effects of Birinapant on the growth of the tumor and the survival time of tumor-bearing mice were observed.Results: Compared with the negative control (NC) group, the proliferation activity of QGY-7701 was inhibited significantly after Birinapant treatment and the apoptosis levels were increased significantly (P<0.01).The cell mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased and the karyotype was changed (P<0.01).At the same time, the transcription and expression levels of genes cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1(cIAP-1), cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2(cIAP-2), ras, raf, mek and erk were significantly decreased (P<0.01), while the expression levels of caspase-3 and caspase-9 genes were up-regulated (P<0.01).Compared with the model group (MG), the growth of the tumor was inhibited significantly and the survival time of the tumor-bearing mice was prolonged after Birinapant treatment (P<0.01).Conclusion: Birinapant can inhibit the expression of cIAP-1, cIAP-2 and the proteins of Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signal pathways, so as to activate the mitochondria mediated endogenous apoptosis pathway.Birinapant shows a certain inhibitory effect on liver cancer.
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    Prognosis-related miRNA bioinformatics screening of lung adenocarcinoma and its clinical significance
    ZHANG Hao-min, YANG Bo, CHEN Hong-fei, CHI Xiao-hua, XI Yi-bo, CHEN Xi-meng, GUO Bin, HE Pei-feng, LU Xue-chun
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 530-535.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5755.2018.118
    Abstract   PDF (1479KB) ( 434 )
    Objective: To investigate the prognosis-related miRNA histological features and clinical significance of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: Using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, the miRNA expression profile data of human lung adenocarcinoma were searched for differential analysis, and the prognosis-related miRNAs were screened by Cox risk regression model. The targeted miRNAs were predicted by mirwalk analysis platform, KEGG functional enrichment analysis, and finally, predict the function of prognosis-related miRNAs. Results: A total of 46 differential miRNAs in lung adenocarcinoma were screened, including 19 up-regulated and 27 down-regulated. Six prognostic-related miRNAs were screened by Cox survival analysis, namely hsa-mir-21, hsa-mir-142, hsa-mir-200a high expression, hsa-mir-101, hsa-let-7c, hsa-mir-378e low expression, hsa-mir-21 and hsa-mir-378e were associated with poor prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and the survival time was shortened significantly (P<0.05, AUC=0.618). KEGG analysis showed that the above prognosis-related miRNA targeting regulatory genes were related with immune response pathways, miRNA and cancer pathways, metabolic pathways and so on. Conclusion: Hsa-mir-21 and hsa-mir-378e are associated with poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma, and may be used as a molecular marker for prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma after further clinical verification.
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    Baicalein inhibits the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma and its possible signaling pathway
    WANG Gen-tao, HUANG Song
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 536-540.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5682.2018.119
    Abstract   PDF (1914KB) ( 336 )
    Objective: To investigate the relationship between the anti-proliferation effect of baicalein and extracellular signal-regulated kinase and focal adhesion kinase(ERK-FAK) signal pathway in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).Methods: The study included two parts and each part contained 4 groups, including control, 20 μmol/L BAI, 40 μmol/L BAI, 80 μmol/L BAI or control, 40 μmol/L BAI, MEK inhibitor(0.33 nmol/L),MEK inhibitor(0.33 nmol/L)+40 μmol/L BAI.Each group was treated in triplicate for 24 hours and 48 hours.Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) was used to detect the inhibitory effect of baicalein; Polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and Western blot were used to analysis the effect of Baicalein on E-cadherin and Vimentin. The expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase(ERK), phosphorylated (p-ERK), focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase(p-FAK) were detected by Western blot. The regulatory effect of MEK inhibitor(U0126) on Baicalein was tested by Western blot assay.Results: The survival rate of cells treated with BAI is much lower than that of control group(P<0.01); the mRNA and protein levels of E-cadherin were obviously higher than those of control group, while the mRNA and protein levels of Vimentin were lower than those of control group(P<0.01).The protein levels of p-ERK and p-FAK treated with BAI were much lower than those of control group(P<0.01), but the total ERK and FAK had no obvious changes (P<0.05).The protein level of E-cadherin treated with MEK inhibitor was higher than that of control group(P<0.01) and the protein levels of Vimentin, p-ERK and p-FAK were lower than those of control group (P<0.01), while the total protein levels of ERK and FAK were the same(P<0.05).Conclusion: Baicalein can inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of OSCC, which may be mediated by ERK-FAK signal pathway.
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    Effects of Yun Kang oral liquid on rats model of embryo implantation disorder
    ZHENG Xiang, GUO Lin-feng, DAI Ming-zhu, LYU Gui-yuan, CHEN Su-hong
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 543-547.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5687.2018.121
    Abstract   PDF (1653KB) ( 237 )
    Objective: Through the establishment of abortion model caused by embryo implantation difficulties, exploring the role of Yun Kang oral liquid in protecting embryos.Methods: The pregnant rats were divided into 6 groups:normal control group (NC), model group (MG), dydrogesterone group (DT), and three dose groups of low, medium and high levels of Yun Kang oral liquid (YK-L, YK-M, YK-H), 11 in each group.From the first day of pregnancy, daily intragastric administration, the dose of DT group was 3.02 mg/kg, and the doses of Yun Kang oral liquid were 4, 6, and 9 ml/kg, respectively.The rats in NC and MG were treated with an equal volume of purified water for 10 days.On the third day of pregnancy, except for the NC group, the other groups were injected with mifepristone subcutaneously at the back of the neck at a dose of 5 mg/kg to cause an embryo implantation barrier model.On the 10th day of pregnancy, blood was collected from the abdominal aorta in each group.Serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin (IL-4) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The number of embryo implantation was observed in the uterus, and the pathological changes of the uterus were observed by HE staining.Results: Compared with the NC group, the number of embryo implantation and the serum levels of FSH and IL-4 in the MG group were decreased significantly (P< 0.05, 0.01), and pathological changes such as uterine glandular epithelial hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration in the glandular cavity were observed.Compared with MG group, the number of embryo implantation and serum FSH and IL-4 levels of rats in YK-M and YK-H groups were increased significantly (P<0.05, 0.01).The pathological changes such as uterine glandular epithelial hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration in the gland were also improved.There was no significant difference in serum IFN-γ levels between the groups.Conclusion: Yun Kang oral liquid may improve the endometrial pathological changes and increase the number of embryo implantation by increasing the levels of serum sex hormone FSH and immune cytokine IL-4 in embryo implantation impediment rats.
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    Effects of Radix Hedysari, Radix Astragalus and compatibility of Angelica Sinensis on blood deficiency model mice induced by cyclophosphamide
    YANG Xiu-juan, YANG Zhi-jun, LI Shuo, JI Xiu-jia, Ning Yan-mei, WANG Yan
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 550-554.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5698.2018.123
    Abstract   PDF (1246KB) ( 422 )
    Objective: To study the intervention effects of Radix Hedysari, Radix Astragalus and compatibility of Angelica Sinensis on blood deficiency model mice induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX). Methods: The mice were randomly divided into 7 groups, 10 mice each group. The blood deficiency model was established by CTX. The blank group and model group were treated with saline by gavage, while mice in positive group were administered with Lvjiaobuxue granule. Four dosage group were administered with Radix Hedysari, Radix Hedysari-Radix Angelica Sinensis(5:1), Radix Astragalus and Radix Astragalus-Radix Angelica Sinensis(5:1) water decoction. All the drugs were administered to mice for consecutive 7 d. The contents of red blood cell (RBC), lymphocyte(LYM), hematocrit (HCT), white blood cell (WBC), platelet (PLT) were detected by hematology analyzer, while thymus index(TI), spleen index(SI), reticulocyte (RC), marrow karyocyte (MK) were calculated, and the femur by pathological section were observed by microscope. Results: Compared with blank group, the contents of RBC, WBC, HCT, PLT, LYM were decreased in model group (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the contents of RBC, WBC, HCT, PLT, LYM, RC and marrow karyocyte were increased in Hedysari-Angelica Sinensis(5:1) and Astragalus Angelica Sinensis(5:1) (P<0.05), at the same time, the pathological damage of femur could be improved. Conclusion: The effect of enrichment blood on blood deficiency model mice in Hedysari-Angelica Sinensis (5:1) and Astragalus-Angelica Sinensis(5:1) were superior to Hedysari and Astragalus.
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    Therapeutic effects of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. on type II collagen-induced rheumatoid arthritis in rats
    JIA Peng, LIU Wei, LIU Sheng, GAO Wei
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 558-561.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5665.2018.125
    Abstract   PDF (925KB) ( 307 )
    Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of Hedyotis diffusa Willd.on type Ⅱ collagen-induced rheumatoid arthritis in rats.Methods: According to the random number table, 60 SD rats were divided into the normal control group (n=10, normal saline) and model group (n=50).The collagen-induced arthritis model was established with the injection of type Ⅱ collagen into the back in rats other than the normal group and evaluated by arthritis score, then the model rats were randomly divided into model group (normal saline), tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside (GTW) 6 mg/kg group (daily dose:0.4 mg/kg), HD 3, 6, 12 g/kg groups (daily dose:3, 6 and 12 g/kg, respectively), with 10 rats in each group. The rats were treated with corresponding agents by intragastric administration.The arthritis index and the pain threshold of all rats at different time points were observed and measured weekly.After treated by intragastric administration for 28 days, all rats were killed to measure the changes of serum cytokine levels including interleukin 1β (IL-lβ), tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a), prostaglandin (PGE2), receptor activator for nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG).Results: Compared with the control group, the arthritis index and the serum levels of IL-lβ, TNF-a, PGE2, RANKL, OPG and RANKL/OPG of the model group were increased significantly (P<0.05), the pain threshold of the model group was decreased significantly (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the arthritis index and the serum levels of IL-lβ, TNF-a, PGE2, RANKL, OPG and RANKL/OPG of the GTW group, HD low-dose, medium-dose, high dose groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05), the pain threshold of the model group was increased significantly (P<0.05).Conclusion: Hedyotis diffusa Willd.can significantly reduce arthritis index and increase pain threshold, reduce the level of IL-lβ, TNF-a, PGE2, RANKL, OPG, and RANKL/OPG, then can prevent CIA effectively.
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    Protective effects of spirulina on hippocampal injury in exercise-fatigue mice and its mechanism
    ZHU Hong-zhu, ZHANG Ying, ZHU Mei-ju, WU Ren-le, ZENG Zhi-gang
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 562-567.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5695.2018.126
    Abstract   PDF (1647KB) ( 352 )
    Objective: To investigate the roles of BDNF/TrkB neurotrophic signaling in hippocampal injury for fatigue rats induced by incremental load exercise and the protective effects and mechanism of spirulina supplement.Methods: Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group (NC), normal plus spirulina group(NS), exercise model group (EM), exercise plus spirulina group (ES), and positive control group (PC), 12 rats in each group.Group EM, Group ES and Group PC were applied by treadmill running with high-intensity increasing for three weeks, and Group NC had not any intervention measures.Group ES and Group NS were treated with spirulina at a dose of 300 mg/kg.bw.by intragastric administration.Group PC was gavaged at the same volume of ginseng extract of 1.92 g/kg for three weeks.The expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tyrosine kinase recptor (TrkB), phospho-tyrosine kinase recptor (p-TrkB) were tested by Western blot and immunohistochemical method, and micromorphology changes of hippocampal CA1 were observed by light microscope at the end of the experiment.The general situations of rats such as body weights were recorded during the experiment.Results: Compared with Group NC, Group EM showed significantly decrease in body weight and hippocampal CA1 neurons of the group loosely arrayed and disarrayed and some neurons were shrinked, and even some neurons disappeared.The expressions of BDNF, TrkB and p-TrkB in group EM were increased significantly(P<0.01).Compared with Group EM, body weight of Group ES was increased significantly, and the above mentioned injuries of neurons were improved significantly:the number of neurons and nissl bodies were significantly increased and the neurons arrayed regularly and its morphology was more complete.The expressions of BDNF, TrkB and p-TrkB in the group were increased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01).And there was no difference between Group ES and Group PC.Conclusion: BDNF/TrkB neurotrophic signal pathway could be involved in the repair process of hippocampal nervous damage caused by incremental load exercise for fatigue rats.Spirulina supplement had a protective effect on the damaged nervous through increasing the expressions of BDNF, TrkB and p-TrkB.
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    The intervention effects of AdipoRon on renal injury in type 2 diabetic mice
    HUANG Ling, QU Xiao-hu, CHEN Hui, XIE Ke-jian, XIAO Min
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 568-571.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5587.2018.127
    Abstract   PDF (1240KB) ( 338 )
    Objective: To study the effects of adiponin receptor agonist (AdipoRon) on renal injury in type 2 diabetic mice. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 40 SPF C57/BL6 male mice and they were randomly divided into normal control group (n=10) and experimental group (n=30). Mice in experimental group were given with high sugar and high fat feed in combination with only an intraperitoneal injection of small dose of streptozotocin to build the model of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), which were randomly divided into three groups, model control group (DM), low dose AdipoRon group (DM + L) and high dose AdipoRon group (DM+H)(n=10). Then the change of blood glucose was detected. The serum levels of insulin receptor (INSR), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in mice were measured by ELASA. Pathological changes of renal tissues were observed with a light microscope after HE staining. The expressions of pancreatic duodenal homebox-1 (PDX-1) and insulin mRNA in renal tissues were detected by RT-PCR. The content of phosphated insulin receptor substrate-1 (p-IRS-1) protein in the kidney was determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with DM mice, blood glucose and TNF-α levels in DM + H mice and DM + L mice were significantly reduced (P<0.05), while the expressions of INSR,IRS-1 and the content of p-IRS-1 were increased markedly(P<0.05), and the expressions of PDX-1 and insulin mRNA in renal tissue were increased significantly(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion: Mice treated with AdipoRon have lower blood glucose and TNF-α levels, and higher protein expression levels of INSR, IRS-1, and higher mRNA expression levels of PDX-1 and insulin, and the content of p-IRS-1. All of these indicate that AdipoRon has a certain effects on renal injury in type 2 diabetic mice.
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    Effects of hydrogen sulfide on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats and its mechanism
    JIA Qiang, WANG Lei, WANG Qi-yi, LIU Xiao-fen, MA Shan-feng, YANG Rui
    CJAP. 2018, 34 (6): 572-576.   DOI: 10.12047/j.cjap.5734.2018.128
    Abstract   PDF (1291KB) ( 267 )
    Objective: To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats and explore its mechanism.Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC) group, a diabetic control (DC) group, diabetes mellitus (DM)+sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) group and DM+DL-propargylglycine (PAG) group, with 8 rats in each group.Type 1 diabetes was induced in the respective groups by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin.From the fifth week, rats in the DM+NaHS and DM+PAG groups were injected (i.p.) with 56 μmol/kg NaHS and 40 mg/kg PAG once a day, respectively.After treatment for 4 weeks, the levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) were detected.The deposition of renal collagen fibers was observed by Masson staining, and collagen volume fraction (CVF) was calculated.The ultrastructural change of renal tissue was observed by transmission electron microscopy.The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) in renal tissues were detected using the kits.The expression levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, phosphorylated (p)-Smad3 and collagen-IV (col-IV) in renal tissues were detected using Western blot.Results: Compared with the NC group, the levels of FBG, BUN, SCr, CVF, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and Hyp were increased; the deposition of renal collagen fibers and the ultrastructural damage were aggravated; the levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, p-Smad3, p-Smad3/Smad3 and col-IV were increased in the DC group.Compared with the DC group, excluding FBG, the aforementioned indices were improved in the DM+NaHS group; the aforementioned indices were further aggravated in the DM+PAG group.Conclusion: H2S attenuated renal fibrosis in diabetic rats, and the mechanism might be associated with the reduction of the release of proinflammatory cytokines, downregulation of the TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway, and inhibition of excessive accumulation of col-IV.
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  2019-03-15

Sponsor
Chinese Association for Physiological Sciences Academy of Military Medical Sciences Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine
Associate Sponsor
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences
Editor in Chief
WANG Hai
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Editorial Board,Chinese Journal of Applide Physiology;Dali Dao,Tinanjin 300050,China



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