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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 422-427.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5820.2019.092

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Atpif1 gene on hemoglobin synthesis in K562 cells

LUO Qiang1,2, LI Ning1,2, LIU Wei-li2, ZHANG Yi1△, CHEN Zhao-li2△   

  1. 1. College of Ethnic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 611137;
    2. Tianjin Institute of Environmental and Operational Medicine, Tianjin 300050, China
  • Received:2019-01-25 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2020-01-02

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of mitochondrial ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (Atpif1) on hemoglobin synthesis. Methods: Firstly, the K562 cells were divided into 2 groups, hypoxia-treated group and normoxic control group. The K562 cells in hypoxia-treated group were treated with 2% oxygen. The K562 cells in the two groups were collected after cultured for 24, 48 and 72 hours. The proliferation-inhibitory rates of cells were detected by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis rates of K562 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The hemoglobin synthesis of K562 cells was induced by hemin. The gene expressions of Atpif1, Aladelta-aminolevulinate synthase 2 (Alas2) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) were detected by qRT-PCR. Then, the K562 cells were cultured in hypoxic incubator and divided into blank control group, negative control group and si-Atpif1 group. After sliencing Atpif1 gene, the hemoglobin synthesis and the levels of NF-κB and Alas2 were determined. Results: Compared with the normoxic control group, the proliferation activity of K562 cells was inhibited, the apoptosis rate was increased, and the hemoglobin synthesis was also increased in hypoxia-treated groups. The expressions of Atpif1, Alas2 and NF-κB mRNA of K562 cells were upregulated. Compared with blank control group and negative control group, the content of hemoglobin was decreased, and the levels of NF-κB and Alas2 mRNA were also decreased in si-Atpif1 group. Conclusion: Atpif1 gene is involved in the regulation of hemoglobin synthesis. Exploring its roles in the development of high altitude polycythemia (HAPC) can provide new ideas and therapeutic targets for the prevention and treatment of HAPC.

Key words: K562 cells, hypoxia, Atpif1, hemoglobin, high altitude polycythemia

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