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CJAP ›› 2019, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 443-446.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5819.2019.096

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of moxibustion on the structure and function of blood brain barrier in Alzheimer's disease model rats

ZHOU Cui1,2, LI Meng-yu1, LIU Zhao-xia2, LI Ke-rong2, YE Hong3, LEI Li-fang3, CHEN Yan-shu1, XU Yi-hua1   

  1. 1. School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030;
    2. Xiangyang Chinese Medicine Hospital, Xiangyang 441000;
    3. Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China
  • Received:2019-01-25 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2020-01-02

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effects of moxibustion on the structure and function of blood-brain barrier in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats. Methods: Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal control group, sham operation group, model group, moxibustion group. Model group and moxibustion group rats were injected with aggregated Aβ25-35 by bilateral hippocampus. In the rat model, the sham-operated group was injected with the same amount of normal saline in the bilateral hippocampus, and the normal group was not treated. After successful modeling, the moxibustion treatment was given at 2~3 cm above the “Baihui”, “Shenshu” and “Yintang” points of the moxibustion group rats, each time for 10 min, once a day, continuous treatment for 21 d. The Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats in each group. The Evans blue method was used to detect the permeability of blood-brain barrier. The ultrastructure of blood-brain barrier was observed under electron microscope. The matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) positive cells in hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: Compared with the sham operation group, the escape latency was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the space exploration time was decreased (P<0.01), the learning and memory function in model group was impaired seriously, the Evans blue content in the brain was increased significantly (P<0.01), the perivascular edema became larger, and the blood-brain barrier structure function was impaired. At the same time, the positive expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in hippocampus were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the learning and memory ability in moxibustion group rats was enhanced (P< 0.05), the content of Evans blue in the brain was decreased (P<0.05), the degree of perivascular edema was reduced, and the damage of blood-brain barrier was improved. Positive expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in hippocampus were decreased (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). Conclusion: Moxibustion can decrease the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9, and reduce the damage of the structure and function of blood-brain barrier, thereby improving the learning and memory ability of AD model rats, and exerting therapeutic effects.

Key words: moxibustion, Alzheimer's disease, blood-brain barrier, structure and function, hippocampus

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