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CJAP ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 456-461.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5969.2020.097

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of resistance exercise on pyroptosis-related proteins in hippocampus of insulin resistant mice

JI Rui-fang1+, BIAN Xue-peng1+, LIU Bei-bei2, HU Jing-yun1, XUE Xiang-li1, LOU Shu-jie1△   

  1. 1. Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438;
    2. Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261042, China
  • Received:2019-11-08 Revised:2020-05-19 Published:2021-02-25

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the changes of pyroptosis-related proteins in the hippocampus of insulin-resistant mice and the regulation of resistance training on pyroptosis-related proteins. Methods: Six-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group (C, n=12) and high-fat diet group (HFD, n=26) for normal or high-fat diet for 12 weeks. Subsequently, according to the results of glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT), the rats fed with high-fat diet were divided into insulin resistance group (IR, n=10) and resistance exercise group (RT, n=10) as well as to maintain high-fat diet. At the same time, mice in the RT group were subjected to resistance training. After 12 weeks, all mice were sacrificed after anesthesia, brain was removed and hippocampus was exfoliated, and the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the C group, NF-κB, the NLRP3 inflammasome proteins, their downstream pyroptosis-related proteins GSDMD-N and GSDMD as well as inflammation factors IL-1β and IL-18 in hippocampus of IR group were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression levels of SIRT1 and p-AMPK protein were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the IR group, NF-κB, the NLRP3 inflammasome proteins, their downstream pyroptosis-related proteins GSDMD-N and GSDMD as well as inflammation factors IL-1β and IL-18 in hippocampus of RT group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression levels of SIRT1 and p-AMPK protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: NLRP3 inflammasome in the hippocampus of insulin-resistant mice is activated, which mediates pyroptosis in the hippocampus. Twelve weeks of resistance training can effectively inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and decrease pyroptosis and improve inflammation in the hippocampus.

Key words: resistance training, insulin resistance, hippocampus, NLRP3 inflammasome, mice

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