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CJAP ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 254-256.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.6054.2021.001

• ORIGINAL ARTICLES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of betulinic acid at different concentrations on autophagy of human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells

WANG Qi1, SHAO Shu-li 1,2Δ, HE Meng-qi1, HUANG Xin 1,2, ZHANG Wei-wei 1,2, ZHANG Zhen-zhu1,2   

  1. 1. College of Life Science and Agriculture and Forestry, Qiqihar University, Qiqihaer 161000;
    2. Heilongjiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Resistance Gene Engineering and Protection of Biodiversity in Cold Areas, Qiqihar University, Qiqihaer 161006, China
  • Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-08-09

Abstract: Objective: In this study, human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells were treated with betulinic acid at different concentrations to investigate its effect on cell autophagy. Methods: The human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells were divided into 4 groups, each group was set with 3 replicate. The control group was not treated with betulinic acid, the other three groups were added with final concentration of 10,20,30 mg/L betulinic acid, respectively. Cells were treated with betulinic acid for 48 h,qRT-PCR was applied to detect the effect of betulinic acid on mRNA expressions of autophagy-related genes in human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells. Western blot was performed to determine the protein expressions of cell autophagy-related genes after drug treatment. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the localization and expression of LC3 protein in MGC-803 cells after drug treatment. Results: Compared with the control group,in the concentration range of 10~30 mg/L, the mRNA expression of LC3 and Beclin-1 in human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells treated with betulinic acid were increased significantly, the expressions of Beclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ protein were also increased significantly, while the expression of LC3-Ⅰ protein was decreased significantly. Among them, betulinic acid at the concentration of 30 mg/L showed the best effects. In addition, betulinic acid induced the LC3 protein in MGC-803 cells to form spot aggregates in the cytoplasm. Conclusion: At the concentrations of 10~30 mg/L, betulinic acid can induce autophagy in human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells.

Key words: betulinic acid, human gastric cancer MGC-803, autophagy

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