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CJAP ›› 2016, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 164-168.doi: 10.13459/j.cnki.cjap.2016.02.018

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Effect of dexmedetomidine on expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related Caspase-12 in lung ischemia/reperfusion injury mice

LUO Zi-yin, GUO Chang-man, XIANG Bing-qian, SONG Dong, CHEN Dan, YING Lei, QIU Xiao-xiao, WANG Wan-tie   

  1. Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Research Institute of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China
  • Received:2015-06-23 Revised:2016-01-25 Online:2016-03-28 Published:2018-06-12
  • Supported by:

Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related cysteinyl aspirate specific proteinase-12 (Caspase-12) in lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury mice. Methods: Forty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:sham operation group (sham group),ischemia/reperfusion injury group (I/R group), normal salinecontrol group (NS group), ischemia/reperfusion + dexmedetomidine group (DEX group). Dexmedetomidine was infused intraperitoneally into the mice to stablish situ left pulmonary I/R injury mouse model. In NS group, the isometric dexmedetomidine was replaced by normal saline,other operations were as the same as the DEX group. After reperfusion 3 hours, the lung tissue wet/dry weight (W/D), the total lung water content (TLW) of the left lung tissues were determined. The lung tissue morphology changes were observed by light microscopy and the damage assessment(IQA) was taken. The structure changes and the apoptosis index (AI) of the lung tissues were evaluated by TUNEL method. The protein and mRNA expression of Caspase-12 and grp78 in lung tissues were detected by Western blot and reverse translate-PCR. Results: Compared with the sham group, the W/D, TLW, IQA, AI, lung tissue structure damages, and the expression of Caspase-12 and grp78 protein and mRNA obviously raised both in I/R group and NS group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Compared with I/R group, the W/D, TLW, IQA, AI of DEX group were all decreased, the demaged lung tissue morphology changes were significantly reduced, the protein and mRNA expression level of Caspase-12 and grp78 in DEX group were decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion: DEX can effectively relieve the lung I/R injuries in mice, which maybe associated with inhibition of pneumocyte apoptosis induced by ERS-related Caspase-12 pathway.

Key words: Caspase-12, dexmedetomidine, ischemia/reperfusion, lung, endoplasmic reticulum stress, mice

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