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CJAP ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 410-414.doi: 10.12047/j.cjap.5495.2017.099

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Effects of the fermentation products of endophytes from Glycyrrhiza uralensis on inflammation-associated factors and Aquaporin in rat models with phlegm blocking in lung

YANG Zhi-jun1, DENG Yi1, MAN Qiong1, WANG Yong2, YANG Xiu-juan1, ZHAO Ni1, LIU Liang2   

  1. 1. Traditonal Chinese Pharmacology Teaching Research Section, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. The Experimental Teaching Center, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2016-12-09 Revised:2017-06-22 Online:2017-09-28 Published:2018-06-19
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金项目(81360633)

Abstract: Objective: To filtrate the effective fermentation products of endophytes from Glycyrrhiza uralensis by comparing expectorant effects.Methods: Ninety Wistar rats with half males and half females were randomly divided into 9 groups(n=10):including normal control group, model group, positive control group, Glycyrrhiza decoction group, 5 groups of the fermentation products of endophytes(JTZB005,JTZB006,JTZB043,JTZB060,JTZB063). The model of phlegm blocking in lung was induced by inhaling SO2 for 30 minutes and cold wind for 10 minutes twice per day for ten days. Ten days later, 10 ml/kg normal saline was administrated in normal control group and model group, 0.08 mg/kg Fufang Beimu Lvhuaan tablets was administrated in positive control group, 0.95 g/kg Glycyrrhiza water decoction and the fermentation products of endophytes were respectively administrated in Glycyrrhiza decoction group and 5 groups of the fermentation products of endophytes. All groups were given the corresponding dose by intragastric administration once a day for seven days. The changes of rats' general activities were observed during the experimental time. Two hours after the last gavage, rats were sacrificed. The upper lobe of the right lung was removed for HE and immunohistochemical staining. Pathological of lung tissues and the expressions of aquaporin-1(AQP1)and aquaporin-5(AQP5) in lung tissue were measured. In addition, the lung tissue of middle lobe of right lung were accurately weighed, and 10% homogenate were made. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation at 3 000 r/min for ten minutes. The levels of nitric oxide (NO) was determined by nitric acid reductase method. The content of tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1(ICAM-1) and the concentration of cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) in lung tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent(ELISA) method.Results: After modeling,the levels of NO, TNF-α, ICAM-1, and the concentration of COX-2 in lung tissue were increased significantly, the expressions of AQP1 and AQP5 were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of NO,TNF-α,ICAM-1 and the concentration of COX-2 in lung tissue were decreased significantly, and the expressions of AQP1 and AQP5 were increased significantly in Glycyrrhiza decoction group, JTZB005,JTZB006 and JTZB063 group(P<0.05, P<0.01).Conclusion: By filtrating, JTZB005、JTZB006、JTZB063 have expectorant effects.

Key words: endophytes from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, expectorant, inflammation-associated factors, Aquaporin, rat

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